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Jecheon, South Korea

Yun S.-W.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | Bae G.-S.,Wonkwang University | Kim M.-S.,Wonkwang University | Park K.-C.,Wonkwang University | And 8 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2011

The major compound of bee venom, melittin, has been used as an anti-inflammatory reagent for decades. However, the potential of melittin to ameliorate acute pancreatitis (AP) is unknown. Our aim was to investigate the effect of melittin on cerulein-induced AP. Pre- and post-treatment with melittin inhibited histological changes in the pancreas and lungs during cerulein-induced AP. Pancreatic weight/body weight ratios; digestive enzymes, including amylase and lipase; serum and pancreatic cytokine expression; and myeloperoxidase activity were decreased. In addition, treatment with melittin inhibited the activation of c-Jun NH 2-terminal protein kinase (JNK) in the pancreas during cerulein-induced pancreatitis. In accordance with the results of in vivo experiments, melittin reduced cerulein-induced cell death, and production of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, our results suggest that melittin attenuated AP and AP-associated lung injury through the inhibition of JNK activation. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Bae G.-S.,Wonkwang University | Seo S.-W.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | Kim M.-S.,Wonkwang University | Park K.-C.,Wonkwang University | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Natural Medicines | Year: 2011

Nardostachys jatamansi (NJ) has been used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, it is not clear how NJ produces anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, using an experimental model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxin shock, the protective effects and mechanisms of action of NJ were investigated. The water extract of roots of NJ was administrated to mice orally (1, 5, and 10 mg/kg) 1 h after or before LPS challenge. The administration of NJ inhibited LPS-induced endotoxin shock and the production of inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interferon (IFN)-α/β. Murine peritoneal macrophages were used to determine the production of inflammatory mediators. In peritoneal macrophages, NJ also inhibited LPS-induced production of inflammatory mediators, such as IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-α/β. In addition, NJ reduced the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and the level of expression of interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and IRF-7 mRNA. Furthermore, post-treatment with NJ reduced LPS-induced endotoxin shock and the production of inflammatory mediators. These results suggest that NJ inhibits endotoxin shock by inhibiting the production of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-α/β through the inhibition of MAPKs activation and IRF induction. © 2010 The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer.

Seo S.-W.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | Bae G.I.-S.,Wonkwang University | Kim S.G.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | Yun S.-W.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2011

Curcuma longa (CL) has been reported to possess a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the effects of CL on acute pancreatitis (AP) have not yet been determined. To this end, we examined the effects of CL on ceruleininduced AP. Cell viability and cytokine productions were measured in pancreatic acini. Mice were divided into 3 groups: i) Normal group, ii) normal saline-treated group, iii) group treated with CL at a dose of 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1 g/kg. CL was administered orally to mice for 7 days. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with the stable cholecystokinin analogue, cerulein (50 μg/kg), every hour for a total of 6 h. The mice were sacrificed 6 h after the completion of the cerulein injections. Blood samples were obtained to determine serum amylase, lipase and cytokine levels. The pancreas was rapidly removed for morphological examination, measurement of tissue myeloperoxidase activity, as well as the level of cytokines and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). The CL treatment reduced cerulein-induced cell death and cytokine production in pancreatic acini. The administration of CL significantly ameliorated the severity of pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury, as was shown by the reduction in pancreatic edema, neutrophil infiltration, vacuolization, necrosis, serum amylase, lipase and cytokine levels, and mRNA expression of multiple inflammatory mediators such as interleukin (IL)-1β and -6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. In order to identify the regulatory mechanism of CL on cerulein-induced pancreatitis, we examined the level of HO-1 in the pancreas. We found that the administration of CL induced HO-1. Our results suggest that CL plays a protective role in the development of AP and pancreatitis-associated lung injury.

Bae G.-S.,Wonkwang University | Kim M.-S.,Wonkwang University | Jung W.-S.,Jeonnam Development Institute for Korean Traditional Medicine | Seo S.-W.,ChungBuk Oriental Medicine Center | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2010

Piperine, a main component of Piper longum Linn. and Piper nigrum Linn., is a plant alkaloid with a long history of medical use. Piperine exhibits anti-inflammatory activity; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. We examined the effects of piperine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses. Administration of piperine inhibited LPS-induced endotoxin shock, leukocyte accumulation and the production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α ), but not of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6. In peritoneal macrophages, piperine inhibited LPS/poly (I:C)/CpG-ODN-induced TNF-β production. Piperine also inhibited LPS-induced endotoxin shock in TNF-α knockout (KO) mice. To clarify the inhibitory mechanism of LPS-induced endotoxin shock, type 1 interferon (IFN) mRNA expression was determined. Piperine inhibited LPS-induced expression of type 1 IFN mRNA. Piperine inhibited the levels of interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and IRF-7 mRNA, and the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of IRF-3. Piperine also reduced activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-1. In addition, activation of STAT-1 was inhibited in IFN-α/β-treated cells by piperine. These results suggest that piperine inhibits LPS-induced endotoxin shock through inhibition of type 1 IFN production. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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