Hoskins P.,BC Cancer Agency |
Vergote I.,University Hospital Leuven |
Cervantes A.,University of Valencia |
Tu D.,Queens University |
And 19 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2010
Background Topotecan has single-agent activity in recurrent ovarian cancer. It was evaluated in a novel combination compared with standard frontline therapy. Methods Women aged 75 years or younger with newly diagnosed stage IIB or greater ovarian cancer, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 1 or less, were stratified by type of primary surgery and residual disease, treatment center, and age; then randomly assigned to one of the two 21-day intravenous regimens. Patients in arm 1 (n = 409) were administered four cycles of cisplatin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 and topotecan 0.75 mg/m2 on days 1-5, then four cycles of paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 over 3 hours on day 1 followed by carboplatin (area under the curve = 5) on day 1. Patients in arm 2 (n = 410) were given paclitaxel plus carboplatin as in arm 1 for eight cycles. We compared progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, and cancer antigen-125 normalization rates in the two treatment arms. A stratified log-rank test was used to assess the primary endpoint, PFS. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results A total of 819 patients were randomly assigned. At baseline, the median age of the patients was 57 years (range = 28-78); 81% had received debulking surgery, and of these, 55% had less than 1 cm residual disease; 66% of patients were stage III and 388 (47.4%) patients had measurable disease. After a median follow-up of 43 months, 650 patients had disease progression or died without documented progression and 406 had died. Patients in arm 1 had more hematological toxicity and hospitalizations than patients in arm 2; PFS was 14.6 months in arm 1 vs 16.2 months in arm 2 (hazard ratio = 1.10, 95% confidence interval = 0.94 to 1.28, P =. 25). Among patients with elevated baseline cancer antigen-125, fewer in arm 1 than in arm 2 had levels return to normal by 3 months after random assignment (51.6% vs 63.3%, P =. 007). Conclusions Topotecan and cisplatin, followed by carboplatin and paclitaxel, were more toxic than carboplatin and paclitaxel alone, but without improved efficacy. Carboplatin plus paclitaxel remains the standard of care for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. © 2010 The Author. Source
Butts C.,11560 University Ave |
Murray R.N.,Vancouver Cancer Center |
Smith C.,Tom Baker Cancer Center |
Ellis P.,Juravinski Cancer Center |
And 6 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2010
BLP25 liposome vaccine (L-BLP25) is an innovative therapeutic cancer vaccine designed to induce an immune response resulting in elimination of tumor cells expressing the MUC1 antigen, which is overexpressed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Manufacturing modifications have produced subtle changes to the lipid A acyl chain composition of L-BLP25. This open-label phase II study was conducted to evaluate the safety of the new formulation in patients with unresectable stage IIIA/IIIB NSCLC. Patients and Methods: Twenty-two patients received L-BLP25 1000 μg every week for 8 weeks plus best supportive care. Maintenance vaccinations were given every 6 weeks, commencing at week 13, until disease progression. Results: Median treatment duration was 9.9 months (range, 1-30 months), 9 patients remain on treatment, and 8 have received treatment for > 2 years. Fifteen patients (68%) had adverse events considered to be related to L-BLP25: these were all grade 1/2, except for 1 grade 3 event (pneumonia). The most common adverse events were injection-site reactions (bruising [23%], erythema [18%], pain [14%], fatigue [18%], and influenza-like illness [14%]). After a median follow-up of 26.7 months, the 1-year survival rate was 82% (95% CI, 66%-98%), and the 2-year survival rate was 64% (95% CI, 44%-84%). Conclusion: The results suggest that the new formulation of L-BLP25 has a safety profile similar to the original formulation and is safe to use in the phase III clinical development program. Copyright Clearance Center. Source
Gourishankar S.,University of Alberta |
Houde I.,Hotel Dieu de Quebec |
Keown P.A.,University of British Columbia |
Landsberg D.,St. Pauls Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2010
Background and objectives: Adequate early mycophenolic acid (MPA) exposure is associated with lower rates of acute rejection in renal transplantation. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine if higher initial mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) doses increased the proportion of patients reaching therapeutic MPA levels (30 to 60 mg•h/L) by day 5. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: De novo renal transplant patients were randomized to receive intensified dosing of MMF (1.5 g twice daily on days 1 to 5, then 1.0 g twice daily) or standard dosing (1.0 g twice daily). All recipients received tacrolimus and prednisone. Full MPA areas under the curve (AUCs) were completed on days 3 and 5, whereas a limited sampling strategy was utilized at four subsequent time points. Results: At day 5, 47.5% of the MMF 3-g arm achieved the MPA therapeutic window versus 54.4% of the MMF 2-g arm. However, MPA AUC levels were significantly higher in the 3-g arm at day 3 and 5. This resulted in a trend for fewer treated acute rejections at 6 months. Significantly more acute rejections (treated, biopsy-proven including and excluding borderline) occurred in patients with MPA AUC levels <30 mg•h/L compared with those ≥30 mg•h/L at day 5. No significant differences were seen in common adverse events. Conclusions: A limited intensified dose of MMF increased early MPA exposure and was well tolerated. Further studies are required to determine whether limited intensified MMF dosing can reduce acute rejection. Copyright © 2010 by the American Society of Nephrology. Source
Chiappori A.A.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute |
Kolevska T.,Kaiser Permanente |
Spigel D.R.,Sarah Cannon Research Institute |
Hager S.,Cancer Care Associates of Fresno Medical Group |
And 9 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2015
Imetelstat, a novel telomerase inhibitor, failed to improve significantly median PFS and OS as maintenance therapy (±bevacizumab) in advanced NSCLC. Telomere length (TL) biomarker results were consistent with the hypothesis that telomerase inhibition is of greater benefit to patients with tumors possessing shorter telomeres; the patients with shorter TL had a trend toward longer median PFS and OS. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source
Thiessen B.,BC Cancer Agency |
Stewart C.,St Judes Childrens Research Hospital |
Tsao M.,Princess Margaret Hospital |
Kamel-Reid S.,Princess Margaret Hospital |
And 7 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2010
Purpose: We undertook a phase I/II study of the EGFR/erbB2 inhibitor lapatinib in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to determine response rate, pharmacokinetics (PK) and recommended dose in patients taking enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAEDs) and to explore relationships of molecular genetics to outcome. Methods: Recurrent GBM patients taking EIAEDs were enrolled on the phase I portion (starting dose of lapatinib 1,000 mg po bid). In the absence of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), escalation continued in cohorts of three patients. Patients not on EIAEDs enrolled in the phase II arm (lapatinib 750 mg bid po). Immunohistochemical and quantitative RT PCR studies were performed on tumor to determine PTEN and EGFRvIII status, respectively. Lapatinib PK was analyzed using HPLC with tandem mass spectrometry. Results: Phase II: Of 17 patients, 4 had stable disease and 13 progressed. Accrual ceased because of no responses. Phase I: Four patients received 1,000 mg bid and three, 1,500 mg bid. No DLT occurred, but escalation stopped because of lack of phase II efficacy. Lapatinib apparent oral clearance in patients taking EIAEDs was 106.9 L h-1 m-2 in comparison to 12.1 L h-1 m-2 in those not on EIAEDs. In 16 phase II patients, PTEN loss was seen in 6 and EGFRvIII expression in 4. No correlation was seen with outcome and molecular results. Conclusions: Lapatinib apparent oral clearance increased by approximately tenfold when given with EIAEDs. In this small sample, EGFRvIII expression and PTEN loss did not predict a favorable subtype. Overall, lapatinib did not show significant activity in GBM patients. © 2009 Springer-Verlag. Source