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Fort de France, France

Rousseau M.,University of Lorraine | Delattre O.,CHU Fort de France | Gillet P.,University of Lorraine
Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering

The present study was designed to analyze the intra-articular behaviour of nacre, when implanted in the subchondral bone area in the sheep knee. We implanted nacre blocks in sheep's trochlea by replacing the half of the femoral trochlea (nacre group). For comparison we used complete cartilage resection (resection group) down to the subchondral bone. In the "nacre group", implants were well tolerated without any synovial inflammation. In addition, we observed centripetal regrowth of new cartilage after 3 months. In the "resection group", no chondral regrowth was observed, but, in contrast, a thin layer of fibrous tissue was formed. After 6 months, a new tissue covered the nacre implant formed by an osteochondral regrowth. Nacre, as a subchondral implant, exerts benefic potential for osteochondral repair. Source

Lafont M.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Fagour C.,CHU Fort de France | Haissaguerre M.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Darancette G.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Context: The per-operative hemodynamic behavior of normotensive incidentally discovered pheochromocytomas is poorly documented. Objective: To compare the per-operative hemodynamic instability and early postoperative outcome of normotensive pheochromocytomas, hypertensive pheochromocytomas, and benign non-pheochromocytoma adrenal incidentalomas (AIs). Design: Retrospective cohort treated in a single center. Patients and Methods: Fifty patients (10 normotensive pheochromocytomas, 24 hypertensive pheochromocytomas, and 16 AIs) were anesthetized and operated on by the same team, using laparoscopy in 78% of cases. Before surgery, 60% of normotensive and 95.8% of hypertensive pheochromocytomas received pretreatment with α-receptor or calcium channel blockers. All of the patients received the same intraoperative hemodynamic monitoring, including continuous direct intra-arterial pressure recording. Results: All the features of hemodynamic instability, with the exception of the diastolic pressure nadir and fluid volume requirements, differed between hypertensive pheochromocytomas and AIs. Conversely, all features of hemodynamic instability were similar in hypertensive and normotensive pheochromocytomas. More specifically, by comparison with AIs, normotensive pheochromocytomas displayed higher maximal systolic pressure; more hypertensive, severe hypertensive, and hypotensive episodes; and a higher minimal heart rate, and also required more interventions to treat undesirable blood pressure elevations. Postoperative complications, all of which were mild, were more frequent in hypertensive pheochromocytomas than in normotensive pheochromocytomas (P < .03). Conclusions: Normotensive pheochromocytomas have roughly comparable per-operative hemodynamic instability to hypertensive pheochromocytomas and differ markedly from non-pheochromocytoma AIs. It is therefore crucial to identify normotensive pheochromocytomas among AIs when surgery is scheduled and to apply the standard of care for pheochromocytoma anesthesia. Copyright © 2015 by the Endocrine Society. Source

Dalmay F.,University of Limoges | Bhalla D.,University of Limoges | Nicoletti A.,University of Catania | Cabrera-Gomez J.A.,International Neurological Restoration Center | And 5 more authors.
Multiple Sclerosis

Few studies report a protective role of childhood solar exposure to multiple sclerosis. Our objective was to confirm the protective role of childhood solar exposure in multiple sclerosis in Cuba, Martinique and Sicily. This was a matched case- control study, and cases met Poser criteria for clinically, laboratory (definite, probable) multiple sclerosis. Controls were resident population, without neurological disorder, living close to cases (within 100 km), matched for sex, age (±5 years), residence before age 15. We recruited 551 subjects during a 1-year period (193 cases, Cuba n = 95, Sicily n = 50, Martinique n = 48; 358 controls). Some (89%) met definite clinical multiple sclerosis criteria (relapsing remitting form (with and without sequel) (74%), secondary progressive (21%), primary progressive (5%)). Odds ratios in a uni-variate analysis were: family history of multiple sclerosis (5.1) and autoimmune disorder (4.0); wearing shirt (3.5), hat (2.7), pants (2.4); sun exposure causing sunburn (1.8); sun exposure duration (1 h more/day; weekends 0.91, weekdays 0.86); bare-chested (0.6); water sports (0.2). Independent factors in the multivariate analysis were family history of multiple sclerosis (4.8 (1.50-15.10)), wearing pants under sunlight (1.9 (1.10-3.20)), sun exposure duration (1 h more/ day, weekdays 0.90 (0.85-0.98), weekends 0.93 (0.87-0.99)), water sports (0.23 (0.13-0.40)). We conclude that outdoor leisure activities in addition to sun exposure reports are associated with a reduced multiple sclerosis risk, with evidence of dose response. © 2010 The Author(s). Source

Coman T.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Bachy E.,Lyon University Hospital Center | Michallet M.,Lyon University Hospital Center | Socie G.,Hopital St Louis | And 15 more authors.

Optimal salvage treatment for multiple myeloma relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains to be determined. Usually, such patients have been heavily pre-treated and present at relapse with a relatively refractory disease. Immunomodulatory properties of lenalidomide may be beneficial by facilitating a graft-versus-myeloma effect after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, the safety of such treatment is still under debate. We conducted a multicenter retrospective study and included 52 myeloma patients receiving lenalidomide alone or in combination with dexamethasone as salvage therapy after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The first aim was to assess the efficacy and tolerance of this drug. The second aim was to evaluate its potential immunomodulatory effects evaluated on the occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease under treatment. In this cohort, we show that lenalidomide can induce a high response rate of 83% (including 29% complete response). On lenalidomide therapy, 16 patients (31%) developed or exacerbated an acute graft-versus-host disease, which was the only factor significantly associated with an improved anti-myeloma response. Side effects were mostly reversible, whereas 2 deaths (4%) could be attributed to treatment toxicity and to graft-versus-host disease, respectively. With a median follow up of 16.3 months, the median overall and progression free survival were 30.5 and 18 months, respectively, independently of the occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease under lenalidomide. Lenalidomide can induce high response rates in myeloma relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation at least in part by triggering an allogeneic anti-myeloma response. Induced graft-versus-host disease has to be balanced against the potential benefit in terms of disease control. Further immunological studies would help us understand lenalidomide immunomodulatory activity in vivo. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Source

Preuss M.,University of Leipzig | Preuss M.,Justus Liebig University | Renner C.,University of Leipzig | Krupp W.,University of Leipzig | And 9 more authors.
Child's Nervous System

Introduction: Whereas in the adult population 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence guidance has been widely accepted for improving the extent of tumor resection, the application in children remains an off-label use. Even though most pediatric study protocols require a complete resection for improving outcome parameters, only few pediatric patients have been operated with fluorescence guidance, and it remains questionable, whether and which pediatric tumors show useful fluorescence. We present casuistic reports of application of 5-ALA in children collected from three different neurosurgical departments. Patients and methods: In children with suspected malignant intracerebral tumor or recurrence, individual informed consent was obtained in each case from the parents. 5-ALA was administered according to the adult protocol, with 20 mg/kg, 2 h before induction of anesthesia. We retrospectively analyzed 18 patients (13 male, 5 female; age 3-18 years), using the intraoperative neurosurgical protocol, the postoperative MRI results, and the follow-up clinical examinations. Results: The use of 5-ALA fluorescence guidance proved to be safe in our group of pediatric patients. Fluorescence guidance was most useful for recurrent glioblastoma resection. Medulloblastoma tissue displayed fluorescence only inconsistently, and most pilocytic astrocytoma remained without staining. Ganglioglioma showed partial staining in the central tumor areas, without allowing the use for circumferent resection. Conclusion: The off-label use of 5-ALA fluorescence guidance in pediatric patients appears to be most useful in recurrent high-grade gliomas. Fluorescence accumulation in other pediatric brain tumor entities is not predictable and should be evaluated in future clinical studies before being integrated into the current treatment protocols. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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