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Reunion, Italy

Horri J.,Center Detudes Perinatales Of Locean Indien Cepoi | Cransac A.,Pharmacy | Quantin C.,Biostatistique et Informatique Medicales | Abrahamowicz M.,McGill University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics | Year: 2014

What is known and objective: The risk of dosage Prescription Medication Error (PME) among manually written prescriptions within 'mixed' prescribing system (computerized physician order entry (CPOE) + manual prescriptions) has not been previously assessed in neonatology. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of dosage PME related to manual prescriptions in the high-risk population of very preterm infants (GA < 33 weeks) in a mixed prescription system. Methods: The study was based on a retrospective review of a random sample of manual daily prescriptions in two neonatal intensive care units (NICU) A and B, located in different French University hospitals (Dijon and La Reunion island). Daily prescription was defined as the set of all drugs manually prescribed on a single day for one patient. Dosage error was defined as a deviation of at least ±10% from the weight-appropriate recommended dose. Results and discussion: The analyses were based on the assessment of 676 manually prescribed drugs from NICU A (58 different drugs from 93 newborns and 240 daily prescriptions) and 354 manually prescribed drugs from NICU B (73 different drugs from 131 newborns and 241 daily prescriptions). The dosage error rate per 100 manually prescribed drugs was similar in both NICU: 3·8% (95% CI: 2·5-5·6%) in NICU A and 3·1% (95% CI: 1·6-5·5%) in NICU B (P = 0·54). Among all the 37 identified dosage errors, the over-dosing was almost as frequent as the under-dosing (17 and 20 errors, respectively). Potentially severe dosage errors occurred in a total of seven drug prescriptions. None of the dosage PME was recorded in the corresponding medical files and information on clinical outcome was not sufficient to identify clinical conditions related to dosage PME. Overall, 46·8% of manually prescribed drugs were off label or unlicensed, with no significant differences between prescriptions with or without dosage error. The risk of a dosage PME increased significantly if the drug was included in the CPOE system but was manually prescribed (OR = 3·3; 95% CI: 1·6-7·0, P < 0·001). What is new and conclusion: The presence of dosage PME in the manual prescriptions written within mixed prescription systems suggests that manual prescriptions should be totally avoided in neonatal units. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Oger A.-S.,ICO Paul Papin | Boukerrou M.,CHU de la Reunion | Cutuli B.,ICC Inc | Campion L.,ICO Rene Gauducheau | And 4 more authors.
Gynecologie Obstetrique Fertilite | Year: 2015

Abstract Objectives. - The optimal treatment for male breast cancer is not known because male breast cancer is a rare disease. It represents as little as 0.6% of all breast cancers and less than 1% of human cancers. The aim was to analyze the clinical, histological and therapeutic characteristics of 95 men cared for breast cancer between 2000 and 2010 in four hospitals, and determine predictors of poor prognosis to improve care of male breast cancer. Methods. - This study is a multi-institutional survey, retrospective, involving four French institutions: Cancer Institute of the West (ICO), Reunion Island South hospital group, the hospital group of Dax, and the Bergonié Institute. All carcinomas in situ or invasive breast occurred in male patients were included. An analysis of clinical, histological and therapeutic features was performed. Statistical analysis of our study focused on the overall survival of patients and specific method of Kaplan-Meier, enabling search for predictors of poor prognosis. Results. - The mean age was 65 years. Thirty-seven percent of patients were overweight or obese. It was in 88% of cases of palpable tumor whose average size was 26.29 mm. Ninety patients, none had a lesion palpable T0, 44% T1 tumors, 38% T2 tumors, 3% had a T3 tumors, and finally 10% T4 tumors. The histological type was the most common invasive ductal carcinoma (87%). He found a similar proportion of patients with or without lymph node involvement. N+ patients, capsular rupture was observed in 29% of cases. Receptor positivity was found, estrogen in 95% of cases and progesterone in 83% of cases. Additional irradiation was performed in 75% of patients and chemotherapy in 37% of patients. Overall survival was 79.2% at five years and 70.8% at ten years. Age, tumor size and histological capsular rupture are factors that significantly influence the overall survival and specific. Conclusion. - Male breast cancer is a different pathology of breast cancer in women. The majority of recommendations suggest treating men who are diagnosed with breast cancer, using the guidelines applied to postmenopausal women treatments. There is no study based on male population that has evaluated these treatment modalities in terms of impact on survival. The diagnosis is usually made at later stages, and tumor size is often greater. Histological characteristics also differ. However, the treatment is almost identical. © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Dionne F.,University of Quebec at Trois - Rivieres | Blais M.C.,University of Quebec at Trois - Rivieres | Monestes J.L.,CHU de la Reunion
Santé mentale au Québec | Year: 2013

The purpose of this article is to present the characteristics of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for the treatment of chronic pain. The historical context of the development of cognitive and behavioural therapy (CBT) for chronic pain will be described and the theoretical aspects of ACT will be introduced. The components of an acceptance and mindfulness based treatment will also be presented by exploring various processes of the psychological flexibility model. Finally, the article will summarize the scientific evidence supporting ACT based on experimental, correlational and clinical studies in the field of chronic pain. The theoretical aspects underlying ACT, as well as its clinical components in the specific domain of chronic pain were described based on major books in this area, such as McCracken (2005) and Dahl et al. (2005). A descriptive literature review was undertaken to explore the data on the efficacy of ACT for the treatment of chronic pain. Psycinfo and Medline, as well as the Association for Contextual Science website were analyzed for relevant articles. The key search terms were: "Acceptance and Commitment Therapy" or "ACT" or "acceptance" or "mindfulness" or "defusion" and "chronic pain" or "pain." The reference lists of the articles retrieved were also analyzed. The articles that were not in English or French were excluded as well as those that were not specific to ACT and chronic pain. Results show that ACT is a relevant and empirically supported approach that may be used as a complement to CBT strategies in the treatment of chronic pain. There is growing evidence stemming from experimental and correlational studies that support the majority of the ACT processes. Clinical studies undertaken in the field of chronic pain from different backgrounds support the efficacy of ACT for the management of this condition. ACT is a promising and evidence-based approach for the treatment of chronic pain. More research is needed to further validate its theoretical model and further refine our understanding of how ACT could be effective for the management of chronic pain and enhance quality of life for people who suffer from this health condition. For now, ACT is considered to be as effective as traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy for chronic pain.

Cardinale E.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Cardinale E.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Esnault O.,Groupement de Defense sanitaire de la Reunion | Beral M.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | And 3 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2014

Q fever is a widespread zoonosis that is caused by Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii), and ruminants are identified as the main sources of human infections. Some human cases have been described, but very limited information was available about Q fever in ruminants on Reunion Island, a tropical island in the Indian Ocean. A cross-sectional study was undertaken from March 2011 to August 2012 to assess the Q fever prevalence and to identify the major risk factors of C. burnetii infection in ruminants. A total of 516 ruminants (245 cattle, 137 sheep and 134 goats) belonging to 71 farms and localized in different ecosystems of the island were randomly selected. Samples of blood, vaginal mucus and milk were concomitantly collected from females, and a questionnaire was submitted to the farmers. Ticks from positively detected farms were also collected. The overall seropositivity was 11.8% in cattle, 1.4% in sheep and 13.4% in goats. C. burnetii DNA was detected by PCR in 0.81%, 4.4% and 20.1% in cow, sheep and goat vaginal swabs, respectively. C. burnetii shedding in milk was observed in 1% of cows, 0% in sheep and 4.7% in goats. None of the ticks were detected to be positive for C. burnetii. C. burnetii infection increased when the farm was exposed to prevailing winds and when there were no specific precautions for a visitor before entering the farm, and they decreased when a proper quarantine was set up for any introduction of a new ruminant and when the animals returned to the farm at night. MLVA genotyping confirmed the role of these risk factors in infection. © 2014 Cardinale et al.

Cournot M.,Center dinvestigations cliniques | Cournot M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Cournot M.,Center Hospitalier Gabriel Martin | Lenclume V.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 5 more authors.
Blood Pressure | Year: 2016

A better knowledge of prevalence, management and determinants of hypertension is needed in regions in epidemiological transition to adapt the strategies of public health screening and prevention, and to reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases. We conducted a prospective cohort study including 4610 participants aged between 18 and 69 years and representative of the general population of La Réunion, a French overseas island located in the western Indian Ocean. The median time between inclusion and follow-up was 7.4 years. Blood pressure data at baseline and follow-up of 3087 participants were analyzed. We found a high prevalence of hypertension, especially in women (36.7% [34.5–39.0]) and in men (40.3% [37.6–43.0]) and in the under 30s (17.1% [14.0–20.5]), with an increase of 10% at follow-up. Treatment rates were very low in men (19.5% versus 39.1% in women) as was awareness of their condition (25.7% versus 44.6%). Blood pressure control rates were similar (18% at baseline and 34% at follow-up for both sexes). Diagnosis of hypertension at follow-up among subjects normotensive at baseline was independently associated with obesity at baseline (relative risk (RR) = 1.40 [1.12–1.75] for BMI between 27 and 30 kg/m2 and 1.72 [1.33–2.25] for BMI ≥30 kg/m2 as compared with BMI <27 kg/m2) and HbA1C (RR =1.12 [1.05–1.19] per %), suggesting a prominent role of insulin resistance in our population. Our study provides original data that cannot be assimilated to any existing model and should guide the implementation of original community-based programs in such countries. © 2016 Informa UK Ltd, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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