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A Coruña, Spain

Conde E.,Hospital Universitario Madrid Sanchinarro | Suarez-Gauthier A.,Hospital Universitario Madrid Sanchinarro | Benito A.,Hospital Ramon y Cajal | Garrido P.,Hospital Ramon y Cajal | And 19 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Methods: Forty-seven ALK FISH-positive and 56 ALK FISH-negative NSCLC samples were studied. All specimens were screened for ALK expression by two IHC antibodies (clone 5A4 from Novocastra and clone D5F3 from Ventana) and for ALK rearrangement by FISH (Vysis ALK FISH break-apart kit), which was automatically captured and scored by using Bioview's automated scanning system.Background: Based on the excellent results of the clinical trials with ALK-inhibitors, the importance of accurately identifying ALK positive lung cancer has never been greater. However, there are increasing number of recent publications addressing discordances between FISH and IHC. The controversy is further fuelled by the different regulatory approvals. This situation prompted us to investigate two ALK IHC antibodies (using a novel ultrasensitive detection-amplification kit) and an automated ALK FISH scanning system (FDA-cleared) in a series of non-small cell lung cancer tumor samples.Results: All positive cases with the IHC antibodies were FISH-positive. There was only one IHC-negative case with both antibodies which showed a FISH-positive result. The overall sensitivity and specificity of the IHC in comparison with FISH were 98% and 100%, respectively.Conclusions: The specificity of these ultrasensitive IHC assays may obviate the need for FISH confirmation in positive IHC cases. However, the likelihood of false negative IHC results strengthens the case for FISH testing, at least in some situations. © 2014 Conde et al. Source


Medina Villaamil V.,INIBIC | Alvarez Garcia A.,CHU A Coruna | Aparicio Gallego G.,INIBIC | Diaz Prado S.Ma.,INIBIC | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to provide a methodology to make a clear distinction between malignant tumors and morphologically similar benign processes, by examining the expression of EGFR, VEGF, HIF1-α, survivin, Bcl-2 and p53 proteins. Four groups of patient samples were studied: group 1, low-grade astrocytomas (WHO grades I-II) (n=6); group 2, peripheral area of high-grade astrocytomas (WHO grades III-IV) (n=5); group 3, gliomatosis cerebri (n=11); and group 4, reactive gliosis (n=6). Tissue arrays (TAs) were designed to study apoptosis, angiogenesis and invasion-related proteins by immunohistochemistry (IHC). By means of non-parametric analysis (Mann-Whitney Uu test), EGFR staining was shown to be significantly lower in reactive gliosis than in the low- and high-grade astrocytomas (p=0.015 and p=0.030, respectively); Bcl-2 immunoreactivity was significantly higher in the gliomatosis cerebri samples than in the reactive processes (p=0.005); and finally, Bcl-2 presented significantly lower expression levels in reactive gliosis compared to the peripheral areas of high-grade astrocytomas (p=0.004). The results indicate that Bcl-2 and EGFR may be useful in conducting differential diagnosis between the above groups, while the expression of the remaining antibodies does not appear to aid in distinguishing between the samples analyzed. The use of TAs to identify the protein expression profiles of biological markers related to different pathways was verified, and its potential as a discriminatory technique for everyday pathology procedures was demonstrated. Source


Medina Villaamil V.,Oncology Group | Aparicio Gallego G.,Oncology Group | Valbuena Rubira L.,CHU A Coruna | Garcia Campelo R.,CHU A Coruna | And 5 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2011

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) can be subclassified for general purposes into clear cell, papillary cell, chromophobe cell carcinomas and oncocytomas. Other tumours such as collecting duct, medullary, mucinous tubular and spindle cell and associated with Xp 11.2 translocations/TFE 3 gene fusion, are much less common. There is also a residual group of unclassified cases. Previous studies have shown that RCC has high glycolytic rates, and expresses GLUT transporters, but no distinction has been made among the different subtypes of renal cell tumours and their grades of malignancy. In clear renal cell carcinoma (cRCC) glycogen levels increase, glycolysis is activated and gluconeogenesis is reduced. The clear cell subtype of RCC is characterized histologically by a distinctive pale, glassy cytoplasm and this appearance of cRCC is due to abnormalities in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and this abnormality results in glycogen and sterol storage. Several isoforms of glucose carriers (GLUTs) have been identified. We show here in a panel of 80 cRCC samples a significant correlation between isoform 5 (GLUT5) and many pathological parameters such as grade of differentiation, pelvis invasion and breaking capsule. GLUT5 expression also appears to associate more strongly with the clear cell RCC subtype. These data suggest a role for the GLUT5 isoform in fructose uptake that takes place in cRCC cells and which subsequently leads to the malignant RCC progression. Source


Medina Villaamil V.,INIBIC | Aparicio Gallego G.,INIBIC | Santamarina Cainzos I.,INIBIC | Valbuena Ruvira L.,Modelo Hospital | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Biomedical Science | Year: 2011

Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer. A better understanding of the critical pathways and interactions associated with alterations in renal function and renal tumour properties is required. Our final goal is to combine the knowledge provided by a regulatory network with experimental observations provided by the dataset. Methods: In this study, a systems biology approach was used, integrating immunohistochemistry protein expression profiles and protein interaction information with the STRING and MeV bioinformatics tools. A group consisting of 80 patients with renal cell carcinoma was studied. The expression of selected markers was assessed using tissue microarray technology on immunohistochemically stained slides. The immunohistochemical data of the molecular factors studied were analysed using a parametric statistical test, Pearson's correlation coefficient test. Results: Bioinformatics analysis of tumour samples resulted in 2 protein networks. The first network consists of proteins involved in the angiogenesis pathway and the apoptosis suppressor, BCL2, and includes both positive and negative correlations. The second network shows a negative interaction between the p53 tumour suppressor protein and the glucose transporter type 4. Conclusion: The comprehensive pathway network will help us to realise the cooperative behaviours among pathways. Regulation of metabolic pathways is an important role of p53. The pathway involving the tumour suppressor gene p53 could regulate tumour angiogenesis. Further investigation of the proteins that interact with this pathway in this type of tumour may provide new strategies for cancer therapies to specifically inhibit the molecules that play crucial roles in tumour progression. © 2011 Villaamil et al. Source


Bonanad S.,H. U. La Fe | De la Rubia J.,H. U. La Fe | Gironella M.,H. U. Vall dHebron | Perez Persona E.,H. U. Txagorritxu | And 78 more authors.
Journal of Geriatric Oncology | Year: 2015

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a new brief, comprehensive geriatric assessment scale for older patients diagnosed with different hematological malignancies, the Geriatric Assessment in Hematology (GAH scale), and to determine its psychometric properties. Materials and Methods: The 30-item GAH scale was designed through a multi-step process to cover 8 relevant dimensions. This is an observational study conducted in 363 patients aged. ≥. 65. years, newly diagnosed with different hematological malignancies (myelodysplasic syndrome/acute myeloblastic leukemia, multiple myeloma, or chronic lymphocytic leukemia), and treatment-naïve. The scale psychometric validation process included the analyses of feasibility, floor and ceiling effect, validity and reliability criteria. Results: Mean time taken to complete the GAH scale was 11.9 ± 4.7. min that improved through a learning-curve effect. Almost 90% of patients completed all items, and no floor or ceiling effects were identified. Criterion validity was supported by reasonable correlations between the GAH scale dimensions and three contrast variables (global health visual analogue scale, ECOG and Karnofsky), except for comorbidities. Factor analysis (supported by the scree plot) revealed nine factors that explained almost 60% of the total variance. Moderate internal consistency reliability was found (Cronbach's α: 0.610), and test-retest was excellent (ICC coefficients, 0.695-0.928). Conclusion: Our study suggests that the GAH scale is a valid, internally reliable and a consistent tool to assess health status in older patients with different hematological malignancies. Future large studies should confirm whether the GAH scale may be a tool to improve clinical decision-making in older patients with hematological malignancies. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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