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Grenoble, France

Audigier-Valette C.,CHITS Toulon | Girard N.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Cortot A.B.,University of Lille Nord de France | Mennecier B.,Nouvel Hopital Civil | And 6 more authors.
Bulletin du Cancer | Year: 2014

Crizotinib (XALKORI™, Pfizer) is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of ALK, MET, and ROS1, which is currently approved for the second line treatment for ALK-rearranged lung cancer. This work from an expert group, based on the review of the data from the Profile studies, aims to provide practical elements in order to optimize the tolerability of crizotinib. Specific major or frequent side effects of crizotinib are discussed: visual disturbances, cardiac effects, elevated transaminases, and hypogonadism. In the routine practice, patients should be advised about visual disturbances, especially with regard to driving in low brightness. Digestive disorders related to crizotinib are exceptionally persistent or severe. Dietary measures and symptomatic treatments usually control these disorders. It is recommended to perform an electrocardiogram before introduction of crizotinib, to identify prolonged QT interval. Torsades de pointes may produce dizziness or syncope. Hypogonadism should be considered in case of fatigue, decreased libido, and even depression, taking into account that these symptoms may be related to cancer; testosterone serum level should be measured to identify patients that may be eligible to receive a supplementation. Monitoring of liver function tests, including transaminases and bilirubin, is necessary. To conclude, these practical elements are helpful to optimize treatment with crizotinib in patients with ALK-rearranged lung cancer; in the future, academic initiatives should be taken to study these aspects, based on the monitoring of large cohorts of patients treated with crizotinib. © John Libbey Eurotext Source


Duvoux C.,AP HP | Duvoux C.,University Paris Est Creteil | Roudot-Thoraval F.,University Paris Est Creteil | Decaens T.,AP HP | And 30 more authors.
Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to generate an improved prognostic model for predicting recurrence in liver transplant candidates with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Predictors of recurrence were tested by a Cox model analysis in a training cohort of 537 patients transplanted for HCC. A prognostic score was developed and validated in a national cohort of 435 patients followed up prospectively. RESULTS: α-Fetoprotein (AFP) independently predicted tumor recurrence and correlated with vascular invasion and differentiation. At a Cox score threshold of 0.7 (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.701; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.76; accuracy, 75.8%), a model combining log10 AFP, tumor size, and number was highly predictive of tumor recurrence and death. By using a simplified version of the model, with untransformed AFP values, a cut-off value of 2 was identified. In the validation cohort, a score greater than 2 predicted a marked increase in 5-year risk of recurrence (50.6% ± 10.2% vs 8.8% ± 1.7%; P <.001) and decreased survival (47.5% ± 8.1% vs 67.8% ± 3.4%; P =.002) as compared with others. Among patients exceeding Milan criteria, a score of 2 or lower identified a subgroup of patients with AFP levels less than 100 ng/mL with a low 5-year risk of recurrence (14.4% ± 5.3% vs 47.6% ± 11.1%; P =.006). Among patients within Milan criteria, a score greater than 2 identified a subgroup of patients with AFP levels greater than 1000 ng/mL at high risk of recurrence (37.1% ± 8.9% vs 13.3% ± 2.0%; P <.001). Net reclassification improvement showed that predictability of the AFP model was superior to Milan criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Prediction of tumor recurrence is improved significantly by a model that incorporates AFP. We propose the adoption of new selection criteria for HCC transplant candidates, taking into account AFP. © 2012 AGA Institute. Source


Nguyen T.D.,Institute Jean Godinot | Azria D.,Center Val dAurelle | Brochon D.,CHRU de Grenoble | Poortmans P.,Dr B Verbeteen Institute | And 9 more authors.
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology | Year: 2010

Purpose: To analyse tolerance and outcome of patients over 80 years of age who choose external beam radiation therapy to the prostate as a curative treatment. Methods and material: We evaluated acute and late side effects, biological DFS (bDFS) and actuarial survival as well as causes of death in relation to the clinical status including co-morbidity, PSA value, Gleason score and modalities of external radiotherapy in patients with localised prostate cancer >80 years of age. Results: From January 1990 to December 2000, 65 eligible cases (median age: 81) were treated by 12 different participating institutions in the Rare Cancer Network. Tumour stage was T1N0M0, T2N0M0 and T3N0M0 for 10, 40, and 15 patients, respectively. Median follow-up was 65 months (range 22-177). Five-year overall survival rate was 77% with a 5-year bDFS rate of 73%. The incidence of grade 3 early toxicity was 12% and 9% for urinary and digestive tract, respectively. Conclusions: Radiation therapy given with curative intent is well tolerated in this selected group of patients aged over 80 years with localised prostate cancer. Results in terms of survival do not suggest a deleterious impact of this treatment. Therefore the authors recommend that radiation therapy with curative intent should not be withheld in selected elderly patients with localised prostate cancer. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Decaens T.,AP HP | Decaens T.,University Paris Est Creteil | Decaens T.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Roudot-Thoraval F.,University Paris Est Creteil | And 17 more authors.
Liver International | Year: 2011

To generate a new score with improved accuracy compared with Milan criteria to select patients. Patients: The training cohort comprised 373 patients transplanted for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between 1988 and 1998 (cohort 1). An algorithm was derived from the analysis of patient data by the proportional hazard Cox regression model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) was used to determine a cut-off value. The validation cohort comprised 140 patients transplanted between 1999 and 2001 (cohort 2). Results: Multivariate analysis identified three predictors of 5-year tumour-free survival: tumour differentiation (P=0.02), diameter (P<0.0001) and number of nodules (P=0.04). A cut-off value of 4 was derived from the AUROC of the final score. Five-year tumour-free survival was 60.2 ± 3.1% in patients with as score <4 and 36.4 ± 4.7% in individuals with a score ≥4, P<0.0001. In the validation cohort, 5-year tumour-free survival was 82.8 ± 3.6% (score <4) and 50.0 ± 10.7% (score ≥4), P=0.0003. In patients with a score <4, there was no significant difference in 5-year tumour-free survival between Milan+ and Milan- patients, either in cohort 1 or 2. Five-year tumour-free survival of Milan- patients was significantly better in individuals with a score <4 compared with those with a score ≥4, both in cohort 1 (61.5 ± 9.1 vs 31.4 ± 4.6%, P=0.009) and in cohort 2 (P=0.02). Conclusion: A novel score taking into account tumour differentiation shows higher accuracy than Milan criteria in predicting 5-year tumour-free survival following liver transplantation for HCC. Prospective studies should validate these findings. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source


Escoffier J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Escoffier J.,Joseph Fourier University | Couvet M.,Joseph Fourier University | Couvet M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 12 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2010

The goal of this study was to identify new compounds from venoms able to modulate sperm physiology and more particularly sperm motility. For this purpose, we screened the effects of 16 snake venoms cleared of molecules higher than 15 kDa on sperm motility. Venoms rich in neurotoxins like those from Oxyuranus scutellatus scutellatus or Daboia russelii, were highly potent inhibitors of sperm motility. In contrast, venoms rich in myotoxins like those from Echis carinatus, Bothrops alternatus and Macrovipera lebetina, were inactive. From the main pharmacologically-active fraction of the Taipan snake O. scutellatus s., a proteomic approach allowed us to identify 16 different proteins, among which OS1 and OS2, two secreted phospholipases A2 (sPLA2). Purified OS1 and OS2 mimicked the inhibitory effect on sperm motility and were likely responsible for the inhibitory effect of the active fraction. OS1 and OS2 triggered sperm acrosome reaction and induced lipid rearrangements of the plasma membrane. The catalytic activity of OS2 was required to modulate sperm physiology since catalytically inactive mutants had no effect. Finally, sperm treated with OS2 were less competent than control sperm to initiate in vitro normal embryo development. This is the first report characterizing sPLA2 toxins that modulate in vitro sperm physiology. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

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