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Murviel-lès-Montpellier, France

Soilly A.L.,University of Burgundy | Lejeune C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Quantin C.,CHRU | Bejean S.,University of Burgundy | And 2 more authors.
Public Health | Year: 2014

Objectives: To analyse published cost-of-illness studies that had assessed the cost of prematurity according to gestational age at birth. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out in March 2011 using the following databases: Medline, ScienceDirect, The Cochrane Library, Econlit and Business Source Premier, and a French Public-Health database. Key-word sequences related to 'prematurity' and 'costs' were considered. Studies that assessed costs according to the gestational age (GA) at the premature birth (<37 weeks of gestation) in industrialized countries and during the last two decades were included. Variations in the reported costs were analysed using a check-list, which allowed the studies to be described according to several methodological and contextual criteria. Results: A total of 18 studies published since 1990 were included. According to these studies, costs were assessed for different follow-up periods (short, medium or long-term), and for different degrees of prematurity (extreme, early, moderate and late). Results showed that whatever the follow-up period, costs correlated inversely with GA. They also showed considerable variability in costs within the same GA group. Differences between studies could be explained by the choices made, concerning i/the study populations, ii/contextual information, iii/and various economic criteria. Despite these variations, a global trend of costs was estimated in the short-term period using mean costs from four American studies that presented similar methodologies. Costs stand at over US$ 100,000 for extreme prematurity, between US$ 40,000 and US$ 100,000 for early prematurity, between US$ 10,000 and US$ 30,000 for moderate prematurity and below US$ 4500 for late prematurity. Conclusion: This review underlined not only the clear inverse relationship between costs and GA at birth, but also the difficulty to transfer the results to the French context. It suggests that studies specific to the French health system need to be carried out. © 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health.

The author, a child psychiatrist, calls for a dialogue between psychoanalysis and neuroscience (both from his clinical joint practices with neuropediatricians and on a theoretical level) to found a new approach to the questions of neurodevelopmental and psychopathological disorders. He briefly discusses two examples. The first example is developmental and concerns the links between the archaic grasping reflex and adhesive identification. He shows how the phenomena observed in the two fields can find a logical sequence. The second example concerns a therapeutic technique (wrapping) that is used to soothe self-injurious behaviours in children with autism. Here, again, both approaches are used to better understand the phenomenon in question. Bridges must be built to open new theoretico-clinical and therapeutic collaborations. One could imagine data integration from these two heterogeneous subdomains to form a new complex subdomain, from which productivity is guaranteed. © 2011.

Fayad G.,Lille University Hospital Center | Vincentelli A.,Lille University Hospital Center | Leroy G.,Center Hospitalier Chatiliez | Devos P.,CHRU | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2014

Objectives: We examined the characteristics and outcomes of patients requiring valve surgery during active infective endocarditis (IE), focusing on the impact of antimicrobial therapy. Methods: In this retrospective study, medical charts of all consecutive patients admitted to our cardiovascular surgery department from January 1998 to December 2010, with a diagnosis of IE requiring surgical management, were reviewed. Adult patients were enrolled in the study if they had definite or possible active IE and if the antimicrobial treatment was evaluable. Results: After initial screening of medical records, we selected 173 surgically treated patients (135 men; mean age, 55.8 years). Native valves were involved in 150 (87%) patients. IE mainly involved the aortic valve (n = 113) and then mitral (n = 83), tricuspid (n = 13), and pulmonary (n = 3) valves. The most common causative pathogens were streptococci (n = 70), staphylococci (n = 60), and enterococci (n = 29). Operative mortality was 15%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that adequacy of the overall antimicrobial treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 0.292; 95% confidence interval, 0.117-0.726; P =.008) and temperature greater than 38 C at the time of diagnosis (adjusted odds ratio, 0.288; 95% confidence interval, 0.115-0.724; P =.008) were independently associated with a lower risk of mortality. Conversely, age greater than 60 years (adjusted odds ratio, 4.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.57-12.4; P =.005) was associated with a greater risk of operative mortality. Conclusions: Surgery for active IE is still associated with a high mortality rate, but its prognosis is significantly improved by adequate antimicrobial therapy. Copyright © 2014 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.

Dupoiron D.,Institute Of Cancerologie Of Louest | Bore F.,Institute Of Cancerologie Of Louest | Lefebvre-Kuntz D.,Center Oscar Lambret | Brenet O.,Institute Of Cancerologie Of Louest | And 5 more authors.
Pain Physician | Year: 2012

Background: Ziconotide is a new analgesic agent administered intrathecally. It is challenging to use and can induce several and sometimes serious adverse events. A low initial dosage followed by slow titration may reduce serious adverse events. Objective: To determine whether a low starting dosage of ziconotide, followed by slow titration, decreases the incidence of major adverse events associated with ziconotide when used for intractable cancer pain Study Design: Observational cohort study. Setting: Three French cancer centers Methods: Patients with incurable cancer causing chronic pain rated above 6/10 on a numerical scale while receiving high-dose opioid therapy (more than 200 mg/d of oral morphine equivalent) and/or exhibiting severe opioid-related adverse events received intrathecal infusions of ziconotide combined with morphine, ropivacaine, and clonidine. Results: Seventy-seven patients were included. Adverse events were recorded in 57% of them; moderate adverse events occurred in 51%. Adverse events required treatment discontinuation in 7 (9%) including 5 (6%) for whom a causal role for ziconotide was highly likely; among them 4 (5%) were serious. All patients experienced a significant and lasting decrease in pain intensity (by 48%) in response to intrathecal analgesic therapy that included ziconotide Limitations: Limitations include the nonrandomized, observational nature of the study. Determining the relative contributions of each drug to adverse events was difficult, and some of the adverse events manifested as clinical symptoms of a subjective nature. Conclusions: The rates of minor and moderate adverse events were consistent with previous reports. However, the rate of serious adverse events was substantially lower. Our study confirms the efficacy of intrathecal analgesia with ziconotide for relieving refractory cancer pain. These results indicate that multimodal intrathecal analgesia in patients with cancer pain should include ziconotide from the outset in order to provide time for subsequent slow titration.

Garot M.,Service de reanimation medicale et maladies infectieuses | Delannoy P.-Y.,Service de reanimation medicale et maladies infectieuses | Meybeck A.,Service de reanimation medicale et maladies infectieuses | Sarraz-Bournet B.,Service de chirurgie vasculaire | And 4 more authors.
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: Mortality associated with aortic graft infection is considerable. The gold standard for surgical treatment remains explantation of the graft. However, prognostic factors associated with early mortality due to this surgical procedure are not well-known.Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted in our center between January 2006 and October 2011 for aortic graft infection. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. A bivariate analysis of characteristics of patients associated with in-hospital outcome was performed.Results: Twenty five evaluable patients were studied. All patients were male. Their mean age was 67 ± 8.4 years. Most of them (92%) had severe underlying diseases. An in situ prosthetic graft replacement, mainly using cryopreserved arterial allografts, was performed in all patients, excepted one who underwent extra-anatomic bypass. Causative organisms were identified in 23 patients (92%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 48%. Among pre-operative characteristics, age ≥ 70 years, creatinine ≥ 12 mg/L and C reactive protein ≥ 50 mg/L were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. Hospital mortality rates increased with the number of risk factor present on ICU admission, and were 0%, 14.3%, 85.7% and 100% for 0, 1, 2 and 3 factors, respectively. The only intra-operative factor associated with prognosis was an associated intestinal procedure due to aorto-enteric fistula. SAPS II, SOFA score and occurrence of medical or surgical complications were postoperative characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality.Conclusion: Morbidity and mortality associated with surgical approach of aortic graft infections are considerable. Age and values of creatinine and C Reactive protein on hospital admission appear as the most important determinant of in hospital mortality. They could be taken into account for guiding the surgical strategy. © 2014 Garot et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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