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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Shimura H.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Mori N.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Wang Y.-H.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Okada M.,Chromosome Laboratory | Motoji T.,Tokyo Womens Medical University
Leukemia and Lymphoma

Retinoblastoma protein-interacting zinc finger, RIZ1, is a tumor suppressor gene that is inactivated in various solid tumors. However, the role of the RIZ1 gene has not been well examined in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We analyzed the expression and promoter methylation status of the RIZ1 gene in patients with newly diagnosed ALL by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and methylation-specific PCR, respectively. RIZ1 expression in 67 cases of ALL (mean 1.043) was decreased compared with that in normal bone marrow (mean 1.471) (p = 0.030). Methylation was detected in 11 of 71 patients (15.5%) but not in healthy controls. Methylation was associated with decreased RIZ1 expression in many ALL cases examined, but this was not statistically significant. In T-ALL, RIZ1 methylation was more frequent (63.6%) than in B-ALL (6.7%) (p <0.0001) and the decrease of RIZ1 expression was more significant than in B-ALL (p = 0.045). 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine treatment of MOLT-4 cells with RIZ1 methylation induced demethylation of RIZ1 and restoration of expression. Forced RIZ1 expression in T-ALL cell lines suppressed cell growth accompanied by G2/M arrest and apoptosis. No mutations were found by PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis in hotspots of the gene. These results suggest that RIZ1 is inactivated in adult ALL, and this inactivation is associated with methylation in T-ALL. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Mori N.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Yoshinaga K.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Tomita K.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Ohwashi M.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia Research

We performed methylation specific PCR analysis on the RIZ1 promoter in MDS and AML. Methylation was detected in 17 of 34 MDS (50%) and 22 of 72 AML (31%) (p= 0.053). Methylation was detected in eleven of 17 secondary AML from MDS (65%), and eleven of 55 de novo AML (20%) (p= 0.0005). Bisulfite sequence revealed methylation at many CpG sites in the promoter. Decreased RIZ1 expression was accompanied by methylation in six of nine samples examined, while it was also observed in seven of 13 without methylation. Treatment of AML cells, that have RIZ1 methylation, with 5-Aza-dC, induced growth suppression with RIZ1 restoration. Our results suggest that the RIZ1 gene is inactivated in MDS and AML in part by methylation, whereas another mechanism should be involved in others. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Mori N.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Inoue K.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Okada M.,Chromosome Laboratory | Motoji T.,Tokyo Womens Medical University
Acta Haematologica

Background: The relation with SNF5 mutation and chromosome 22 abnormalities is not clear in hematological neoplasms. Methods: To elucidate the relevance of the SNF5 gene on 22q11.2, karyotypes were reviewed in 283 hematological neoplasms. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on 22q was analyzed in 21 plasma cell myelomas without chromosome 22 abnormalities. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) on the SNF5 gene was analyzed in 8 hematological neoplasms with 22q- or -22, and 8 chronic myelogenous leukemias (CMLs) in blast crisis. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed in 1 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) case with -22,del(22)(q11.2 q13). Results: 22q- or -22 was observed in 36 patients. LOH on 22q was detected in 1 of the 21 myelomas. Mobility shifts were found by PCR-SSCP analysis in 2 CMLs, whereas sequence analysis showed polymorphisms. FISH analysis revealed the SNF5 gene was not deleted in the MDS case. Conclusion: These results suggest that alterations of the SNF5 gene are rare in hematological neoplasms with chromosome 22 abnormalities. Haploinsufficiency may contribute to the development of these neoplasms. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Okada M.,Chromosome Laboratory | Suto Y.,Red Cross | Hirai M.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | Shiseki M.,Tokyo Womens Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Cancer Genetics

The chromosomal abnormality del(20q) is mostly found in various myeloid disorders, including myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloproliferative neoplasms, and acute myeloid leukemia. Here, microarray comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analyses of 14 patients cytogenetically confirmed to carry the del(20q) aberration in their bone marrow demonstrated that all deletions were interstitial and both the proximal and distal breakpoints varied among individuals. The centromeric breakpoints were located in the 20q11.21-12 region, and the telomeric breakpoints, in the 20q13.13-13.33 region. The extent of the deletion ranged from 11.2 to 27.3 Mb, and the commonly deleted region (CDR) was estimated to be 7.2 Mb in size. Two commonly retained regions were present, the proximal region adjacent to the centromere (20q11.1-11.21) and a subtelomeric one (20q13.33). The CDR of our study was more distal than reported previously. Furthermore, in three patients fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated that del(20q) cells were detected at a higher frequency in the karyotype analyses than by interphase FISH and aCGH analyses. As the size and breakpoints of del(20q) have been reported to vary among patients, the presence of one or more tumor suppressor genes in the CDR has been suggested. Our study will contribute to the identification of candidate tumor suppressor genes on 20q. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

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