The Christus Stehlin Foundation For Cancer Research | Date: 2012-11-09
Rodent therapeutic models are provided containing at least human hepatocytes and at least one of human hematopoietic bone marrow cells and human cord blood. Such rodent therapeutic models can also be immunodeficient and/or contain human intestinal enzymes. These partially humanized rodent therapeutic models can have at least partially humanized bone marrow and a partially humanized liver. These rodent models include mice. The rodent models can be transplanted with one or more tumors, for example, xenotransplantation with a human tumor. Toxicological and efficacy trials of various therapies, for example, anti-cancer therapies, can be performed with these rodent therapeutic models. Oral administration of camptothecin can demonstrate increased toxicity in the humanized mice.
Zheng J.,University of Sydney |
Chan T.,University of Sydney |
Zhu L.,University of Sydney |
Yan X.,Northeast Forestry University |
And 3 more authors.
1. Camptothecin (CPT) and its derivatives are potent candidate compounds in treating cancers. However, their clinical applications are largely restricted by severe toxicities. 2. The solute carrier transporters (SLCs), particularly the organic anion transporting polypeptides and organic anion/cation transporters (OATs/OCTs) are widely expressed in human key organs and responsible for the cellular influx of many substances including endogenous substrates and many clinically important drugs. Drug–drug interactions through SLCs often result in unsatisfied therapeutic outcomes and/or unexpected toxicities. 3. This study investigated the inhibitory effects of CPT and its eight derivatives on the cellular uptake of specific substrates mediated by the essential SLCs in over-expressing Human embryonic kidney 293 cells. 4. Our data revealed that CPT, 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), 10-methoxycamptothecin (MCPT) and 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC) significantly inhibit the uptake activity of OAT3. 9NC also inhibited the substrate transport mediated by OAT1. The substrate uptakes of OAT1, OCTN1 and OCTN2 were significantly decreased in the presence of CZ112, while CPT-11 potently down-regulated the transport activity of OCT1 and OCT3. 5. In summary, our study demonstrated that CPT and its eight derivatives selectively inhibit the substrate uptakes mediated by the essential SLCs. This information contributes to understanding the localized toxicity of CPTs and provides novel molecular targets for the therapeutic optimization of CPTs in the future. © 2016 Taylor & Francis. Source