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Balachandran K.,Christ University | Anitha R.,KS Rangasamy College of Technology
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology | Year: 2013

World Health Organization (WHO) reports that worldwide 7.6 million deaths are caused by cancer each year. Uncontrollable cell development in the tissues of the lung is called as lung cancer. These uncontrollable cells restrict the growth of healthy lung tissues. If not treated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in the nearby tissue called metastasis and, form tumors. In order to preserve the life of the people who are suffered by the lung cancer disease, it should be pre-diagonized. So there is a need of pre diagnosis system for lung cancer disease which should provide better results. The proposed lung cancer prediagnosis technique is the combination of FFBNN and ABC. By using the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm, the dimensionality of the dataset is reduced in order to reduce the computation complexity. Then the risk factors and the symptoms from the dimensional reduced dataset are given to the FFBNN to accomplish the training process. In order to get higher accuracy in the prediagnosis process, the FFBNN parameters are optimized using ABC algorithm. In the testing process, more data are given to well trained FFBNN-ABC to validate whether the given testing data predict the lung disease perfectly or not. © 2005-2013 JATIT & LLS.All rights reserved.

Dutta P.,Christ University | Nachamai M.,Christ University
International Conference on Microelectronics, Computing and Communication, MicroCom 2016 | Year: 2016

Face detection is the primary approach of all fundamental problems of human computer interaction system (HCIS). This paper evaluates the performance of detection system on single face from stored videos that are stored in different file formats. Stored videos contain raw homemade datasets as well as ready-made datasets. This proposed work concludes detection percentage of face detection system in different video formats. The implementation is done in two phases. The raw homemade dataset is tested on.3gp,.avi,.mov,.mp4 and a ready-made dataset is tested on.wmv,.m4v,.asf,.mpg file formats. The coding part for face detection has been done in MATLAB R2013a. The detection of faces from video file was 72.79 % for homemade dataset and 82.78% for ready-made dataset. © 2016 IEEE.

Ajayakumar C.J.,Christ University | Kunjomana A.G.,Christ University
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics | Year: 2016

Homogeneous and stoichiometric samples of InBi1−xSbx (x = 0, 0.1) crystals have been directionally solidified to explore their suitability for optoelectronic applications. Prior to the growth, the temperature distribution of an indigenously fabricated horizontal furnace has been analysed and optimized to conduct the growth experiments on the basis of phase diagram of the material. Systematic trials have been carried out for several growth runs (48, 60 and 72 h) by maintaining an axial temperature gradient of 4, 6 and 8 °C/cm with the aid of a temperature controller mechanism. The key parameters governing the growth mechanism, composition, phase, and structure of the grown InBi1−xSbx crystals were investigated via X-ray diffraction, scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The presence of secondary phases was ruled out and the average congruent melting points of InBi and InBi0.9Sb0.1 samples were confirmed as 109.43 and 121.13 °C respectively, by employing differential scanning calorimetric analysis. Investigations on the optical, electrical and mechanical properties of these materials were carried out. Vickers microhardness was found to increase with the Sb incorporation. The average optical band gap computed from the IR transmission spectra was found to be 0.165 eV. The results obtained promise that InBi1−xSbx crystals grown by directional solidification are favourable candidates than those grown by other melt methods. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Ajayakumar C.J.,Christ University | Kunjomana A.G.,Christ University
Journal of Crystal Growth | Year: 2016

Indium selenide (γ-In2Se3) crystals have been grown by the closed tube sublimation process in the absence of seed crystals and chemical transporting agents. The composition, structure and morphology of the samples grown under different vacuum conditions were examined by energy dispersive analysis, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscope. Structural features of the crystals obtained in a vacuum of 10−3 mbar exhibited a few reflections not belonging to γ phase, whereas X-ray diffraction spectra of the crystals deposited under a vacuum of 10−6 mbar revealed evidence of sharp peaks with high intensities of γ-In2Se3 crystalline phase. When growth runs were performed for 72 h, voids were observed on the surface whereas for a duration of 120 h, platelet crystals were obtained. Optical properties of these samples were investigated using the FT-IR and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The average transmittance of the platelets in the visible and near infrared region of solar spectrum was found to be ∼81% and an optical band gap of ∼2.05 eV was computed from the transmission spectrum. Photoluminescence spectra of the grown In2Se3 crystals recorded at room temperature using an excitation laser of wavelength 355 nm showed a peak in the near band edge emission (NBE) corresponding to an energy of 2.01 eV. Under an illumination power of 12 mW/cm2, the photocurrent increased linearly with applied voltage and the dark current was found to be ~2.5×10−9 A for 10 V. These results suggest that the as-grown γ-In2Se3 platelets crystallized from vapor deposition, possess superior optoelectronic properties than the other phases for solar cell applications. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Nair R.R.,Christ University | Arulraj J.,Christ University | Sunaja Devi K.R.,Christ University
Materials Today: Proceedings | Year: 2016

Ceria (0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) doped titania nano catalysts were prepared by combustion synthesis method, using titanium isopropoxide as the starting material. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Infra red spectroscopy (FTIR). Total acidity of the prepared catalysts were determined by temperature programmed desorption of ammonia (TPD - NH3). XRD pattern of 1% ceria doped titania obtained by calcinations at 873 K indicated that the samples were crystalline with a mixture of anatase and rutile phase. No peaks corresponding to cerium oxide were observed XRD patterns indicating that the amount of cerium is negligible on the surface of titania catalyst. The photo catalytic activity was evaluated for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The degradation rates of MB on cerium doped TiO2 samples were higher than that of pure TiO2. The introduction of structural defects (cationic ceria dopant) into the titania crystal lattice leads to the change of band gap energy. As a result, the excitation energy is expanded from UV light of anatase TiO2 to visible light for ceria doped titania. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Thomas A.,Christ University | Sujatha A.K.,Christ University
Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, ICCPCT 2016 | Year: 2016

Recommendation System is a quickly progressing study area. Many new approaches are offered so far. In this particular paper we have researched on various applications of recommender system and various techniques used in recommender system like collaborative filtering, content-based filtering and hybrid filtering. Collaborative filtering is amongst the common methods utilized in recommending process. So comparative study on various collaborative filtering is done and the results are plotted graphically. © 2016 IEEE.

Ram T.A.V.,Christ University | Haneesh K.M.,Christ University
Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, ICCPCT 2016 | Year: 2016

Voltage stability is a major problem in power system which depended on many factors like improper load forecasting, generator outage, line fault and shortage of reactive power supply etc. For a secure and economic power system operation voltage stability should be maintained within permissible limit. Voltage stability is a measure of whole power system quality. Voltage stability studies can done by analyzing reactive power production, transmission of power and consumption. In this paper voltage stability analysis of an IEEE 14 bus system is done by calculating L-index of the buses. From load flow studies optimized voltage is chosen, and by using these voltage values L-index is calculated. From the calculated L-index values we can find out vulnerable buses. How the transformer tap changing effect the voltage stability is also calculated here. © 2016 IEEE.

Sebastian S.,Christ University | Margaret V.,Christ University
Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, ICCPCT 2016 | Year: 2016

Demand response (DR) programs generally is a domineering strength reserve in the upcoming electric power methods. Professional clients, industrial customers, received the key consideration on the precise demand response programs. On the other hand, little clients, like residential customers, provides more the variable answer in most of these functions. The primary purpose of this paper is usually to check out recent demand response programs, and examine various benefits along with significance connected with demand response on residential customers. © 2016 IEEE.

Samjez S.V.A.,Christ University | Venkataswamy R.,Christ University
Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, ICCPCT 2016 | Year: 2016

In today's energy generation scenario, the extensive use of conventional sources are causing lot of environmental issues. It is necessary that humankind should come up with a strategy to produce clean energy. Even though we cannot completely stop relying on non-renewable sources of energy, lot of research is happening to find the ideal substitute for conventional sources of energy and also for migrating towards renewable energy sources from conventional sources. Its gaining popularity because of the fact that availability of fossil fuels are reducing at an alarming rate. Thus, these research works will aid in producing clean energy and also make the existing systems more efficient. A better substitution would be to design a machine which would use less conventional sources of energy and gives required output. Thus it is necessary to come up with a new technology which would suffice the above stated requirements. The proposed project is an novel idea aimed at designing an alternator which has higher power output at lower RPM when compared to conventional alternators. This model finds application in automobiles, WECS, Aerospace, hybrid vehicles in the near future. © 2016 IEEE.

News Article | November 7, 2016

•Symbiosis Law School Pune was declared winner and Christ University Bangalore's School of Law remained first runners up

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