Nian W.,Chongqing Tumor Hospital |
Nian W.,Chongqing Medical University |
Ao X.,Chongqing Medical University |
Ao X.,Peoples Hospital of Huangshan |
And 7 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2013
microRNAs (miRNAs) have been hypothesized to function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors by targeting specific cancer-related genes. Previous studies have reported that miR-223 may serve as a tumor suppressor in a number of cancer types, however, knowledge of its targets in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains limited. In the current study, miR-223 was found to inhibit cell proliferation in vitro by CCK-8 assay, growth curves and an anchorage-independent growth assay in a Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cell line. miR-223 transfection in the LLC cells was observed to significantly inhibit migration and invasion, induce G2/M arrest and decrease the expression levels of Sca-1, a marker of murine stem cells. In addition, miR-223 transfection markedly suppressed AKT and ERK signaling, as well as insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R)-mediated downstream signaling, pathways that are crucial for cell proliferation and invasion in NSCLC cells. Analyses in C57BL/6 mice demonstrated that miR-223 suppresses tumorigenicity in vivo. Using a luciferase activity assay and western blot analysis, IGF-1R and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) were identified as direct targets of miR-223. In the present study, novel cancer-related targets of miR-223 were identified and verified in a LLC cell line, indicating that miR-223 functions as a tumor suppressor, which may fine-tune the activity of the IGF-1R pathway in lung cancer. Therefore, increasing miR-223 expression may provide a novel approach for the treatment of NSCLC. Source