Chongqing Normal University is a public university in Chongqing, China, founded in 1954.CNU has more than 1,800 staff members and 13,000 full-time domestic and international graduate and undergraduate students. In addition there are more than 20,000 adult education and self-teaching students. Wikipedia.
Zhang S.,Chongqing Normal University
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements | Year: 2015
This paper proposes a new iterative algorithm for the numerical solution of the Signorini problem for Laplacian using the boundary element method. Since the Signorini boundary conditions are equivalent to a projection fixed point problem, the Signorini boundary conditions can be transformed into a sequence of Dirichlet boundary conditions in a simple iterative manner. Therefore, the algorithm only requires solving a sequence of problems with straightforward boundary conditions. We also investigate the convergence criteria of the algorithm. As the iteration process is given on the Signorini boundary of the domain, the boundary element method is especially suitable for the algorithm. Finally, the numerical results demonstrate the accuracy and validity of the algorithm. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Huang G.,Chongqing Normal University
Current Organic Chemistry | Year: 2012
The pseudotrisaccharide allosamidin 1 is a potent family-18 chitinase inhibitor, and it demonstrates biological activities against insects, fungi, and the Plasmodium falciparum life cycle. Compound 1 contains two N-acetylhexosamine residues with the unusual D-allo-configuration and a novel aminocyclitol (i.e. allosamizoline 2), joined by two β-(1→4) glycosidic bonds. Many traditional syntheses of compounds 1-2 and their analogues have been reported. Herein, recent development for the synthesis of compounds 1-2 and their analogues was reviewed. Donohoe and Rosa's approach to allosamizoline 2 involves a key-step ring-closing metathesis (RCM) to form the cyclopentene core followed by halocyclization to form the oxazoline unit. Rojas et al. reported that rhodium-catalyzed oxidative cyclization of glucal 3-carbamates led to oxazolidinone-protected mannosamine derivatives. Huang et al. described the solid-phase synthesis of allosamidin 1 and its analogues. The compound 1 and its analogues were obtained by iterative glycosylation reactions, catalytic hydrogenation, acetylation, and deacetylation, respectively. Withers and his co-workers' research shows that chitobiose and chitotriose thiazolines exhibit chitinase inhibition activity. In a word, the goal is to investigate the novel methods for the synthesis of allosamidin and its analogues, which is convenient for the discovery of allosamidin analogues with high activity. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.
Rui W.,Chongqing Normal University
Nonlinear Dynamics | Year: 2014
It is well known that it is difficult to obtain exact solutions of some partial differential equations with highly nonlinear terms or high order terms because these kinds of equations are not integrable in usual conditions. In this paper, by using the integral bifurcation method and factoring technique, we studied a generalized Gardner equation which contains both highly nonlinear terms and high order terms, some exact traveling wave solutions such as non-smooth peakon solutions, smooth periodic solutions and hyperbolic function solutions to the considered equation are obtained. Moreover, we demonstrate the profiles of these exact traveling wave solutions and discuss their dynamic properties through numerical simulations. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Li X.,Chongqing Normal University
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements | Year: 2014
A new implementation of the boundary node method (BNM) is developed in this paper for two- and three-dimensional potential problems. In our implementation, here called the dual boundary node method (DBNM), the conventional BIE is applied on the Dirichlet boundary and the hypersingular BIE is applied on the Neumann boundary. The DBNM can apply the boundary conditions directly and easily. And the number of both unknowns and system equations in the DBNM is only half of that in the BNM, thus the computing speed and efficiency are higher. The present method is applicable to other BIEs-based meshless methods, such as the boundary cloud method, the boundary element-free method and the boundary face method, in which the used shape functions lack the delta function property. Some numerical examples are given to demonstrate the method. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Zhou J.,Chongqing Normal University
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2016
Heterometallic chalcogenides are no longer limited to only transition metals or main group metal chalcogenides. Recent research has showed that combinations of lanthanides and heavier group 13-15 metals can also generate a new class of heterometallic chalcogenide materials. These materials are typically synthesized under alkali metal polychalcogenide flux or solvothermal conditions at intermediate temperatures. Under these mild and soft conditions, various metal chalcogenide building-blocks can be bound to lanthanide ions (or lanthanide complexes) to yield a fascinating variety of heterometallic chalcogenides, the dimensionality of which can be influenced by the ionic radii of the different constituents. This review discusses the synthesis, crystal structures, and optical properties of heterometallic chalcogenides containing lanthanide and group 13-15 metal elements in the presence of alkali metal polychalcogenide salt or organic chelating amines as a reaction medium. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Huang G.,Chongqing Normal University
Current Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013
This review summarized the progress of glyconanoparticles in the aspects of types, synthesis, and applications for recent five years. A major challenge in the development of Au glyconanoparticles for the study of cellular interactions is to span the cellular membrane, which is used for the drug delivery. A majority of glyco-functionalized quantum dots have been utilized as fluorescent probes for biolabeling, imaging and biosensing. Recently, magnetic nanoparticles have been more frequently used in biomedical applications. The application of these new multivalent systems of glyconanoparticles is to mainly study carbohydrate-mediated interactions, which opens the new field in glycobiology. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.
Li X.,Chongqing Normal University
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering | Year: 2011
The Galerkin boundary node method (GBNM) is a boundary only meshless method that combines an equivalent variational formulation of boundary integral equations for governing equations and the moving least-squares (MLS) approximations for generating the trial and test functions. In this approach, boundary conditions can be implemented directly and easily despite of the fact that the MLS shape functions lack the delta function property. Besides, the resulting formulation inherits the symmetry and positive definiteness of the variational problems. The GBNM is developed in this paper for solving three-dimensional stationary incompressible Stokes flows in primitive variables. The numerical scheme is based on variational formulations for the first-kind integral equations, which are valid for both interior and exterior problems simultaneously. A rigorous error analysis and convergence study of the method for both the velocity and the pressure is presented in Sobolev spaces. The capability of the method is also illustrated and assessed through some selected numerical examples. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Yang X.,Chongqing Normal University
Neurocomputing | Year: 2014
Finite-time synchronization means the optimality in convergence time, thus many contributions have been made to it in the literature. However, to the best of our knowledge, most of the existing results on finite-time synchronization do not include time-delay. Considering the fact that time-delays especially infinite-time distributed delays are inevitably existing in neural networks, this paper aims to study global synchronization in finite time of neural networks with both time-varying discrete delay and infinite-time distributed delay (mixed delays). The techniques that we apply in this paper are not only different from the techniques employed in existing papers, but also applicable to differential systems with or without delay. Based on new Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional candidate and the new analysis techniques, sufficient conditions guaranteeing the finite-time synchronization of the addressed neural networks are derived by using a class of simple discontinuous state feedback controller. Conditions for realizing finite-time synchronization of neural networks with finite-time distributed delay and without delay are also given. Moreover, estimation of the upper bound of synchronization-time is also provided for neural networks with finite-time distributed delay and without delay. It is shown that the synchronization-time depends on both the initial values and the time-delays of the drive-response systems. Numerical examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the theoretical results. © 2014 Elsevier B.V..
Zhang Y.-J.,Chongqing Normal University
G3 (Bethesda, Md.) | Year: 2014
The onion maggot Delia antiqua is a major insect pest of cultivated vegetables, especially the onion, and a good model to investigate the molecular mechanisms of diapause. To better understand the biology and diapause mechanism of the insect pest species, D. antiqua, the transcriptome was sequenced using Illumina paired-end sequencing technology. Approximately 54 million reads were obtained, trimmed, and assembled into 29,659 unigenes, with an average length of 607 bp and an N50 of 818 bp. Among these unigenes, 21,605 (72.8%) were annotated in the public databases. All unigenes were then compared against Drosophila melanogaster and Anopheles gambiae. Codon usage bias was analyzed and 332 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were detected in this organism. These data represent the most comprehensive transcriptomic resource currently available for D. antiqua and will facilitate the study of genetics, genomics, diapause, and further pest control of D. antiqua. Copyright © 2014 Zhang et al.
Capital Normal University, Chongqing Normal University and Beijing Waitenksin Advanced Technology Co. | Date: 2011-06-14
A method for measuring thickness or defect depth by pulsed infrared thermal wave technology is described. The method includes heating a measured object by pulsed heating devices, and at the same time, obtaining a thermal image sequence on the surface of the measured object by an infrared thermography device, and storing the thermal image sequence in a general-purpose memory. The method also includes multiplying a temperature-time curve at every point of the thermal image sequence by a corresponding time, thereby obtaining a new curve. The method also includes calculating a first-order differential and obtaining a peak time thereof. The method also includes use of one or more formulas to thereby determine the thickness or the defect depth of the measured object.