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Angeloni N.L.,Northwestern University | Bond C.W.,Northwestern University | Tang Y.,Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College | Harrington D.A.,Rice University | And 5 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2011

SHH plays a significant role in peripheral nerve regeneration and has clinical potential to be used as a regenerative therapy for the CN in prostatectomy patients and in other patients with neuropathy of peripheral nerves. Efforts to regenerate the cavernous nerve (CN), which provides innervation to the penis, have been minimally successful, with little translation into improved clinical outcomes. We propose that, Sonic hedgehog (SHH), is critical to maintain CN integrity, and that SHH delivered to the CN by novel peptide amphiphile (PA) nanofibers, will promote CN regeneration, restore physiological function, and prevent penile morphology changes that result in erectile dysfunction (ED). We performed localization studies, inhibition of SHH signaling in the CN, and treatment of crushed CNs with SHH protein via linear PA gels, which are an innovative extended release method of delivery. Morphological, functional and molecular analysis revealed that SHH protein is essential to maintain CN architecture, and that SHH treatment promoted CN regeneration, suppressed penile apoptosis and caused a 58% improvement in erectile function in less than half the time reported in the literature. These studies show that SHH has substantial clinical application to regenerate the CN in prostatectomy and diabetic patients, that this methodology has broad application to regenerate any peripheral nerve that SHH is necessary for maintenance of its structure, and that this nanotechnology method of protein delivery may have wide spread application as an in vivo delivery tool in many organs. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Wang Y.,Chongqing University | Ruan C.,Chongqing University | Sun J.,Chongqing University | Zhang M.,Chongqing University | And 3 more authors.
Polymer Degradation and Stability | Year: 2011

In order to investigate the effect of different chain extenders on degradation properties of segmented polyurethanes (SPUs), three types of segmented polyurethanes (SPU-P, SPU-O and SPU-A) based on poly (d, l-lactic acid) diol, hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), were synthesized with three chain extenders: peperazine (PP), 1, 4-butanediol (BDO) and 1, 4-butanediamine (BDA), respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis, activation energy and in vitro degradation were used to characterize the obtained polymers, quantitatively. The results revealed that chain extender played an important role in thermal degradation and biodegradation of polyurethanes. Thermogravimetric analysis and activation energy demonstrated that SPU-O, SPU-P and SPU-A presented best, second and weakest thermostability, respectively, and the thermal degradation mechanism of three SPUs was the same and regarded as a two-stage degradation. Data of hydrolytic degradation of the polymers during 12 weeks indicated that the in vitro degradation stability of SPU-A and SPU-P was similar, but both were better than that of SPU-O. The reason for the differences among three types of SPUs was discussed in this paper. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Zhou J.,Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of adiponectin on hepatocyte steatosis. METHODS: L02 cells were transfected with pEGFP-N1-AdipoQ, a plasmid encoding pEGFP-adiponectin fusion protein, or pEGFP-N1. Lipid droplets in the hepatocytes were observed by oil red staining at 72 h. The contents of TG, FFA and glycerol in hepatocytes were measured. RESULTS: Compared to cells transfected with pEGFP-N1-AdipoQ plasmid, much more lipid droplets were observed in cells transfected with pEGFP-N1 plasmid. TG, FFA and glycerol contents in L02 cells and L02/pEGFP-N1 cells were significantly higher than those in L02/pEGFP-N1-AdipoQ cells. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of adiponectin prevent hepatocyte steatosis. Source


Chen J.Y.,Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2010

Study on the correlation and path analysis of artemisininum comtent and related factor on Artemisiae annie. In order to obtain high artemisininum content Artemisiae annie. On the natural condition, choose 36 area where Artemisiae annie growth in three gorges reservoir area. The related factor on artemisininum content are studies through correlation and path analysis. The artemisininum content had significant correlations with biomass, over cover degree, K, P, and N in soil. P in soil had the nost positive influence on the artemisininum content with the direct path coefficinent 0.3439, over cover degree had the nost negative in fluence on the artemisininum content with the direct path coefficient -0.1421. The influence order of other factor was N in soil (0.3180), K in soil (0.2352), biomass ( -0.0084), and plant height (-0.0347). Artemisininum content in Artemisiae annie leaves are correlated with biomass, over cover degree, K in soil, P in soil, N in soil. Source


Zhu H.-F.,Southwest University | Wan D.,Chongqing Medical University | Luo Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhou J.-L.,Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2010

To investigate the role and mechanism of catalpol in brain angiogenesis in a rat model of stroke, the effect of catalpol (5 mg/kg; i.p) or vehicle administered 24 hours after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) on behavior, angiogenesis, ultra-structural integrity of brain capillary endothelial cells, and expression of EPO and VEGF were assessed. Repeated treatments with Catalpol reduced neurological deficits and significantly improved angiogenesis, while significantly increasing brain levels of EPO and VEGF without worsening BBB edema. These results suggested that catalpol might contribute to infarcted-brain angiogenesis and ameliorate the edema of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) by upregulating VEGF and EPO coordinately. Source

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