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Huang X.,Chongqing Medical University | Su Y.-X.,Chongqing Medical University | Deng H.-C.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhang M.-X.,Chongqing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Hormone and Metabolic Research | Year: 2014

Renal growth, particularly hypertrophy, is a feature of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, is an important regulator of cell proliferation. Recent studies have suggested that adiponectin has a protective effect in the kidney. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects and the underlying mechanisms of adiponectin in early DN. Mouse mesangial cells (MMCs) were cultured in media containing different concentrations of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) with or without adiponectin. MMC proliferation and expression of type IV collagen, laminin, and fibronectin were investigated. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were injected intravenously with recombinant lentivirus encoding the mouse adiponectin gene (Lenti-Acdc-IRES-EGFP). Urinary microalbumin, serum adiponectin level, and expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, type IV collagen, laminin, and fibronectin were determined. Adiponectin inhibited the increases in MMC proliferation and expression of type IV collagen, laminin, and fibronectin induced by PDGF-BB. Adiponectin also effectively reduced renal cell proliferation and expression of type IV collagen, laminin, and fibronectin when it was introduced in vivo by lentivirus-mediated gene transfer. These findings suggest that adiponectin exerts renoprotective effects by inhibiting renal cell proliferation and reducing synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins, thus suppressing the development and progression of DN. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG. Source


Su Y.-X.,Chongqing Medical University | Deng H.-C.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhang M.-X.,Chongqing Medical University | Long J.,Chongqing Medical University | Peng Z.-G.,Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology
Hormone and Metabolic Research | Year: 2012

An aberrant proliferation of mesangial cells (MCs) is one of the more important features of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, has been associated with type 2 diabetes, a known cause of DN. Recent studies have suggested that adiponectin has a protective effect on the kidney. To elucidate the potential protective mechanism of adiponectin on kidney, we investigated the effects of adiponectin on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced cell proliferation and intracellular signaling pathways in cultured Human MCs (HMCs). PDGF-induced HMC proliferation was significantly inhibited by the co-treatment of adiponectin. Adiponectin alone had no effect on HMC proliferation. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and 40S ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) were activated by PDGF stimulation in HMCs. PDGF-induced mTOR and S6K1 phosphorylations were significantly attenuated by the co-treatment of adiponectin in HMC. Adiponectin alone had no effects on PDGF-receptor autophosphorylation by PDGF. We also confirmed that the inhibitory effect of adiponectin on PDGF-induced HMC proliferation was significantly suppressed by compound C, an adenosine 5-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor. From these findings, it is implied that adiponectin could attenuate renal dysfunction associated with MC disorders through AMPK-mTOR signal pathway. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York. Source


Gao R.,Chongqing Medical University | Gao R.,Dujiangyan Medical Center | Zhou X.,Chongqing Medical University | Yang Y.,Chongqing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2014

Using ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD), we transfected both wild-type p53 (wtp53) and Rb94 genes into retinoblastomas (RBs) of nude mice to investigate the inhibitory role of these two genes in RB development. The 40 tumor-bearing mice, which had been established by sub-retinal injection of an HXO-Rb44cell suspension, were randomly divided into five groups: blank control group (C); blank plasmid group (M); wtp53 plasmid group (p53); Rb94 plasmid group (Rb94); wtp53+Rb94 plasmid group (p53+Rb94). For preparation of the DNA-loaded microbubbles, a pre-determined amount of blank plasmid, pVIVO1-p53, pVIVO1-Rb94 or pVIVO1-p53-Rb94 was added and mixed with the microbubbles. Then, these DNA-loaded microbubbles were respectively transfected into the animal model by UTMD. Vascular endothelial growth factor level and microvessel density of the tumor were determined by immunohistochemical staining. Apoptosis of tissues was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling staining. Expression of wtp53 and Rb94 at both the gene and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) and Western blot, respectively. Transfection of both genes had greater inhibitory effects on RB development and resulted in lower levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, lower microvessel density and more obvious apoptosis than single-gene transfection (p<0.05). The results indicate that the transfection of both genes into the RB by UTMD more strongly inhibited RB growth than transfection of a single gene. © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Source


Gao X.-J.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province | Gao X.-J.,Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology | Hou S.-P.,Chongqing Medical University | Hou S.-P.,Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

AIM: To examine the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) gene and primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: DNA samples were extracted from peripheral-blood mononuclear cells of 214 PACG patients and 224 healthy controls. Genotyping of rs3918249, rs3918254, rs17577 and rs3787268 in MMP-9 was performed using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis and the direct sequencing technique. The association between these genetic polymorphisms and risk of PACG was estimated by χ2 test. RESULTS: The distributions of rs3918249, rs3918254, rs17577 and rs3787268 genotypes among cases and healthy controls were compatible with that from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE, P>0.05). The increased frequency of CC and CT genotypes of rs3918254 were observed in PACG patients compared to healthy controls [P=0.006, Pcorrected (Pcorr)=0.048]. The haplotype analysis showed that the CCGG haplotype was nominal associated wth PACG (P=0.015), however, the significant was lost when the Bonferroni correction was used (Pcorr=0.105). CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that rs3918254 in MMP-9 may be a susceptible locus to PACG in China, people wth the CC and CT genotypes of rs3918254 are more susceptible to PACG. The susceptibility to PACG in Chinese Han patients may be not influenced by SNPs rs3918249, rs3787268 and rs17577 in MMP-9. Copyright International Journal of Ophthalmology Press. Source


Shen Y.,Chongqing Medical University | Yuan X.-D.,Chongqing Medical University | Yuan X.-D.,Chongqing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology | Hu D.,Chongqing Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Human Immunology | Year: 2014

Objectives: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an inflammatory disorder of the upper airway. Interleukin-27 (IL-27), a novel IL-12 family member, has recently been reported to play a role in some immune-related disorders. This study was performed to evaluate the potential association of IL-27 polymorphisms with AR in a Chinese Han population. Design and Methods: A case-control study was performed in 445 Chinese AR patients and 691 healthy controls. Three SNPs in the IL-27p28 gene, including rs153109, rs17855750 and rs181206, were detected using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay (PCR-RFLP). Results: A significantly increased prevalence of the rs153109 TT genotype and the T allele was found in AR patients, while a decreased prevalence of the CT and CC genotypes and the C allele was found. For rs153109, the TT genotype and the T allele were significantly associated with the risk of AR, but the CT and CC genotypes and the C allele decreased the risk of AR; for rs17855750, the TT genotype and T allele were risk factors for AR, and the GT genotype and G allele provided protection. TTT and TTC haplotypes in the IL-27p28 gene were positively correlated with AR, while CGT, CTC and CTT haplotypes were associated with a significantly decreased risk of AR. Conclusion: This study indicates that IL-27p28 polymorphisms rs153109 and rs17855750 are likely involved in AR susceptibility, making them potentially useful genetic biomarkers for AR susceptibility in the Chinese Han population. © 2014 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Source

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