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Chen J.,Southwest University | Chen J.,Chongqing Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials & Technologies of Clean Energies | Liu Y.,Southwest University | Liu Y.,Chongqing Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials & Technologies of Clean Energies | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Materials Science | Year: 2015

In this work, nanostructured polystyrene/polyaniline/reduced graphene oxide (PS–PANI/rGO) hybrid materials based on in situ reduction of graphene oxide with ascorbic acid and self-assembly have been successfully prepared for electrochemical supercapacitor and Na-ion battery applications. The supercapacitor based on the PS–PANI/rGO as an electrode material exhibits a specific capacitance of 180 F g−1 at a current density of 0.5 A g−1 from −0.4 to 1.0 V and a high energy density of 49 W h kg−1 at the power density of 352.8 W kg−1. Moreover, the nanostructured PS–PANI/rGO has a good cycle stability (74 % capacitance retention after 5000 cycles), indicating its future potential application in electrochemical energy storage. The material is further used as an anode in Na-ion batteries, and the results show that the porous nanostructured PS–PANI/rGO delivers a high capacity of 155 mA h g−1 and keeps over 150 charge–discharge cycles at a constant current of 100 mA g−1 (0.5 C). © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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