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Zhu B.,Chongqing University | Liu Q.,Chongqing University | Zhao D.,Chongqing University | Ren S.,Chongqing University | And 3 more authors.
Steel Research International | Year: 2016

Based on the double-flow model, a three-dimensional mathematical model of multiphase flow in RH system has been developed to predict the flow field and gas holdup distribution. Also, the circulation flow rate was measured with the water model. The results show that the nozzle blockage layers have small influence on circulation flow rate, while the effect of the blockage modalities and numbers is significant. Under the interaction of blockage modalities and numbers, the gas holdup distribution is the key factor to determine the circulation flow rate. Symmetrical blockage is an acceptable modality under the condition of a small amount of blockage, but the effect of non-symmetrical blockage on circulation flow rate is more obvious. If the blockage number is more than 3, the up-snorkel must be promptly treated or replaced. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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