Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning

Chongqing, China

Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning

Chongqing, China

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Li R.,Chongqing institute of Population and Family Planning | Zhao L.,Chongqing institute of Population and Family Planning | Li L.,Chongqing institute of Population and Family Planning | Hou Z.,Chongqing institute of Population and Family Planning | And 7 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2017

Due to the inconsistent effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the human male reproduction in previous studies and the impacts of environmental exposures, such as heavy metals, on male reproduction receiving little attention in HIV-infected population, the aim of present study was to investigate whether heavy metals have potential effects on reproductive parameters in HIV-infected men. The current study assessed the associations between semen quality or serum hormone and concentration of the three heavy metal toxicants (lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and zinc (Zn)) in seminal, urine, and serum, and 50 HIV-infected men were recruited in the present study. Concentrations of Pb, Cd, and Zn were measured in three fluids by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Semen analyses were performed according to World Health Organization criteria. Serum samples were analyzed for follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and testosterone. HIV RNA viral load was determined by HIV virus loads kit. Spearman’s rank correlations were used for correlation analyses. The results showed that the concentrations of Pb, Cd, and Zn were significantly correlated with semen quality and serum hormone. HIV-1 virus loads were significantly associated with increased seminal Pb. However, HIV-1 virus loads were not statistically associated with semen quality and serum hormone. Our findings suggested that environmental heavy metals had potential effects on reproductive parameters in HIV-infected men in China. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York


Luo X.,Chongqing Medical University | Jia S.,Eighth Hospital Of Xianshaanxi | Li R.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Gao P.,Chongqing Medical University | Zhang Y.,Chongqing Medical University
Medycyna Pracy | Year: 2016

Objectives: The objective of the present study was to observe the effects of 50 Hz magnetic fields (MFs) on the immune function of splenic lymphocytes in mice. Material and Methods: Twenty male Kunming mice (6 weeks old), weighing 18–25 g, were randomly divided into sham exposure (N = 10) and 500 μT MFs (N = 10) groups. The mice in the MFs group were exposed to 500 μT MFs for 8 h daily (5 days/week) for up to 60 days. In vitro study was carried out to examine the effects of 50 Hz MFs on the expression of inflammatory factor genes and a cluster of differentiation 69 (CD69) in mouse prime splenic lymphocytes activated by para-Methoxyamphetamine (PMA) and ionomycin. In the in vitro experiments, lymphocytes were isolated from the spleen of 10 healthy Kunming mice, the cells were cultured in the Roswell Park Memorial Institute 1640 medium (RPMI-1640) and exposed to 0 μT, 250 μT, 500 μT, or 1 mT MFs in an incubator under 5% carbon dioxide (CO2) at 37°C for 6 h. The levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), GATA binding protein 3 (GATA-3) and T cell-specific T-box transcription factor (T-bet) were assessed by the real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), respectively. The expression of CD69 was checked using the flow cytometry. Results: Under our experimental conditions, body weight of the mice exposed to occupational, extremely low frequency- electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) significantly decreased on day 20 and day 30. There were no significant changes observed in vivo in spleen weight, splenic coefficient, splenic histology profile and cytokine production in spleen tissues. Our in vitro experiments showed that 50 Hz MFs had no effect on the expression of these genes and CD69 to primary splenic cells. Conclusions: In conclusion, under the applied experimental conditions, occupational exposure to 50 Hz magnetic field did not alter responses of inflammatory genes and activation of splenic lymphocytes in mice, except for body weight. © 2016, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved.


Luo X.,Chongqing Medical University | Li L.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Ma M.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Li R.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2015

Cadmium (Cd) is an important toxic chemical due to its increasing levels in the environment and its resulting accumulation in humans and animals. The present study was performed to evaluate the long-term effects of low doses of Cd administered in offspring by oral route to rats during pregnancy and lactation. There were no adverse effects on the physical and sexual development in the pups, except to delay the development of offspring. The relative weights of livers and kidneys in the adult female offspring were significantly decreased after exposure to 10 ppm Cd. These results indicated that there were adverse effects on growth and development from exposure to 5 or 10 ppm Cd in utero and during lactation. The results also showed differential gender sensitivity effects on the organ weights. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Zhang D.,Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Reproductive Health | Zhang D.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Li L.,Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Reproductive Health | Li L.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | And 15 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2013

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most frequently occurring congenital disorder in newborns and is the most frequent cause of infant death from birth defects. Human genetic studies have identified that numerous genes encoding transcription factors that regulate specific events in heart development are responsible for inherited and sporadic CHD. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is a major transcription regulator of immune response, apoptosis and cell-growth control genes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the functional -94 insertion/deletion ATTG polymorphism (rs28362491) in the promoter of nuclear factor κB gene (NFKB1) is associated with susceptibility to CHD. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) method was used to genotype rs28362491 in 122 atrial septal defect (ASD) patients, 114 ventricular septal defect (VSD) patients, and 412 controls. The frequencies of II (Insertion/Insertion) genotype in the ASD and VSD patients were significantly higher than that of controls (p= 0.004 for ASD Vs. controls, and p= 0.009 for VSD Vs. controls, respectively), and the frequencies for I allele in CHD patients were also significantly higher than that in controls (p= 0.01 for ASD Vs. controls, and p= 0.009 for VSD Vs. controls, respectively). This study suggests that the functional -94 insertion/deletion ATTG polymorphism in the promoter of NFKB1 is associated with CHD. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Li R.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Luo X.,Chongqing Medical University | Li L.,Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning | Peng Q.,Beibei District of Chongqing Municipal Public Security Bureau of Interpol Detachment | And 4 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2015

Cadmium (Cd) is widely used in daily life and was recently recognized as a possible source of human toxicity due to its ability to accumulate in organs. Previous studies have shown that Cd exposure may cause testicular toxicity through oxidative stress and an inflammatory effect. Melatonin has been demonstrated to be an effective anti-oxidant and has an anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the toxicological effects of Cd on reproduction in male mice and the potential protective action of melatonin against these adverse effects. Adult male mice were injected intraperitoneally with Cd at a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight per day for seven consecutive days with or without melatonin pretreatment. Sex organ weight, sperm parameters including sperm quality, apoptosis, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, testicular morphology, serum sex hormone, inflammatory status, and oxidative stress were evaluated. The results showed that significant adverse effects were observed in the male reproductive system after Cd exposure, including alterations in sperm parameters, increased DNA damage, and sex hormone disturbance. Acute Cd exposure also significantly increased malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, decreased glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, and upregulated levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), in the testis. In contrast, melatonin pretreatment significantly alleviated these toxic effects, and its mechanism may involve inhibiting MDA level, restoring GSH and SOD activities, and reducing the upregulation of TNF-α and IL-1β. Our data suggest that oxidative stress and inflammation are involved in Cd-induced toxicity in the male reproductive system and that co-administration of melatonin exerts a protective effect against Cd-induced male reproductive toxicity. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York


PubMed | Chongqing Institute of Population and Family Planning, Chongqing Medical University and Beibei District of Chongqing Municipal Public Security Bureau of Interpol Detachment
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biological trace element research | Year: 2016

Cadmium (Cd) is widely used in daily life and was recently recognized as a possible source of human toxicity due to its ability to accumulate in organs. Previous studies have shown that Cd exposure may cause testicular toxicity through oxidative stress and an inflammatory effect. Melatonin has been demonstrated to be an effective anti-oxidant and has an anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the toxicological effects of Cd on reproduction in male mice and the potential protective action of melatonin against these adverse effects. Adult male mice were injected intraperitoneally with Cd at a dose of 2mg/kg body weight per day for seven consecutive days with or without melatonin pretreatment. Sex organ weight, sperm parameters including sperm quality, apoptosis, acrosome integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, testicular morphology, serum sex hormone, inflammatory status, and oxidative stress were evaluated. The results showed that significant adverse effects were observed in the male reproductive system after Cd exposure, including alterations in sperm parameters, increased DNA damage, and sex hormone disturbance. Acute Cd exposure also significantly increased malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, decreased glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, and upregulated levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), and interleukin-1beta (IL-1), in the testis. In contrast, melatonin pretreatment significantly alleviated these toxic effects, and its mechanism may involve inhibiting MDA level, restoring GSH and SOD activities, and reducing the upregulation of TNF- and IL-1. Our data suggest that oxidative stress and inflammation are involved in Cd-induced toxicity in the male reproductive system and that co-administration of melatonin exerts a protective effect against Cd-induced male reproductive toxicity.

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