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Muan, South Korea

Chodang University is the only university in Muan County, a largely rural district of South Korea's South Jeolla province. The current president is Boung-Sik, Kim. Wikipedia.

Bae H.-S.,Chodang University
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition

This study was carried out to investigate the levels of awareness of fermented vegetable beverages according to consumers' gender. The data were obtained through questionnaires completed randomly by 441 respondents and analyzed using the SPSS, t-tests, ANOVA, X-square tests, multiple regression, and logistic regression analyses. Among 441 respondents, 32.9% of male and 30.2% of female ever consumed fermented vegetable beverages. This beverage were consumed as an alternative for water in males (6.3%) and in females (7.9%) which was the most common reason for consumption. As for the most common reason for non-consumption, males (5.9%) and females (6.6%) responded that they did not consume fermented vegetable beverages because people around them have never consumed fermented vegetable beverages. The awareness that fermented vegeta-ble beverages help reduce hunger was higher in females (3.2%) than and in males (2.9%). These results revealed that the awareness of fermented vegetable beverages as hunger alleviators was more prevalent in females than in males which can be used as preliminary data for research on the development of fermented vegetable beverages. Source

Chung D.-O.,Chodang University
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition

This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristics of tofu (soybean curd) prepared with the addition of Enteromorpha intenstinalis powder (EIP). The moisture, crude ash, carbohydrate, crude protein, and crude lipid contents of the EIP were 6.04%, 24.09%, 39.68%, 28.25%, and 1.94%, respectively. The yield rate of the tofu did not differ significantly according to the level of added EIP, however there was a significant decrease in pH and a significant increase in acidity. The L and a values of the tofu color were decreased as the amount of EIP in the formulation increased, whereas the b values was increased. Furthermore, hardness and brittleness were significantly increased as the level of EIP increased. In terms of overall acceptability, the preferred tofu samples were the control and that of tofu mixed with 0.2% EIP addition group. Source

Chun C.H.,Wonkwang University | Kim J.W.,Wonkwang University | Kim S.H.,Wonkwang University | Kim B.G.,Wonkwang University | And 2 more authors.

Background: Proper treatment of bone loss is essential for the long term durability of revision TKA. However, the method of choice in managing large bone defects is still under debate. We therefore assessed the mid to long term clinical and radiographic results of revision TKA using a fresh frozen femoral head allograft and a standard condylar implant or varus-valgus constrained prosthesis with a diaphyseal-engaging stem. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 27 patients who had undergone revision TKA between August 1997 and March 2003 using a fresh frozen femoral head allograft and a standard condylar implant or varus-valgus constrained prosthesis with a diaphyseal-engaging stem. The median follow-up period was 107. months (range, 96-157. months). Results: Clinical evaluation revealed that the mean range of motion had increased from 71° to 113° and the mean Hospital for Special Surgery knee score had improved from 46 to 83 points. The overall tibio-femoral angle improved from varus 7.3° to valgus 6.l°. In 26 out of 27 knees, union was demonstrated at an average of seven months postoperatively, and there were no cases of collapse, disease transmission or stress fractures. In one knee, an infection recurred. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that femoral head allografts in treatment of severe bone defects are reliable and durable. If possible, less constrained prostheses with diaphyseal-engaging stems should be chosen for increased durability. Level of evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © 2013. Source

Kim T.-H.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine | Lim H.-J.,Chodang University | Kim M.-S.,Korea Food Research Institute | Lee M.S.,Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common chronic condition in older men. The aim of this overview of systematic reviews (SRs) is to summarise the current evidence on the efficacy and adverse effects of dietary supplements for treating BPH with lower urinary tract symptoms. We searched 5 electronic databases and relevant overviews without limitations on language or publication status. Six SRs of 195 articles were included in this overview. Serenoa repens was reviewed in 3 studies and no specific effect on BPH symptoms and urinary flow measures was observed. However, β-sitosterol, Pygeum africannum and Cernilton were reviewed in one study each, and significant improvement was observed for all three. All the included compounds have mild and infrequent adverse effects. SRs on β-sitosterol, Pygeum africannum and Cernilton have not been updated since 2000, thus an update of reviews on these compounds will be necessary in the future. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Kim S.H.,Wonkwang University | Chun C.H.,Wonkwang University | Chun K.C.,Wonkwang University | Jo H.J.,Wonkwang University | Kim K.M.,Chodang University
American Journal of Sports Medicine

Background: There is a lack of histological studies investigating the presence of mechanoreceptors in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) allografts. Hypothesis: Mechanoreceptors would not grow in Achilles allografts after ACL reconstruction. Study Design: Case series study; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Tissue samples were obtained from 11 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using Achilles tendon allografts. They underwent biopsies during second-look arthroscopies. The mean period from ACL reconstruction to harvesting tissue was 26.63 months (range, 12-120 months). The control group consisted of 2 normal ACLs procured from 42- and 45-year-old men who underwent amputation above the knee due to trauma. Results: Ruffini corpuscles and free nerve endings were shown to be present in the specimens of the control group by prcessing hematoxylin-eosin stains and immunohistochemical stains with monoclonal antibodies against S-100. In the Achilles allografts, mechanoreceptors were not observed. However, fibroblasts, collagen fibers, and vessels that were not present in fresh-frozen Achilles allografts before surgery were observed. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that Achilles tendon allografts appeared similar to normal ligaments except for the lack of histological evidence of mechanoreceptors. In other words, there are no newly ingrown mechanoreceptors in ACL allografts. © 2012 The Author(s). Source

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