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Hu C.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Hu C.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Wang A.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang A.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 32 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2017

EGFR T790M mutation accounts for about 40-55% drug resistance for the first generation EGFR kinase inhibitors in the NSCLC. Starting from ibrutinib, a highly potent irreversible BTK kinase inhibitor, which was also found to be moderately active to EGFR T790M mutant, we discovered a highly potent irreversible EGFR inhibitor CHMFL-EGFR-26, which is selectively potent against EGFR mutants including L858R, del19, and L858R/T790M. It displayed proper selectivity window between the EGFR mutants and the wide-type. CHMFL-EGFR-26 exhibited good selectivity profile among 468 kinases/mutants tested (S score (1)=0.02). In addition, X-ray crystallography revealed a distinct "DFG-in" and "cHelix-out" inactive binding mode between CHMFL-EGFR-26 and EGFR T790M protein. The compound showed highly potent antiproliferative efficacy against EGFR mutant but not wide-type NSCLC cell lines through effective inhibition of the EGFR mediated signaling pathway, induction of apoptosis and arresting of cell cycle progression. CHMFL-EGFR-26 bore acceptable pharmacokinetic properties and demonstrated dose-dependent tumor growth suppression in the H1975 (EGFR L858R/T790M) and PC-9 (EGFR del19) inoculated xenograft mouse models. Currently CHMFL-EGFR-26 is undergoing extensive pre-clinical evaluation for the clinical trial purpose.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, Anhui Medical University, Peking University and CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

BCR gene fused ABL kinase is the critical driving force for the Philadelphia Chromosome positive (Ph+) Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) and has been extensively explored as a drug target. With a structure-based drug design approach we have discovered a novel inhibitor CHMFL-074, that potently inhibits both the native and a variety of clinically emerged mutants of BCR-ABL kinase. The X-ray crystal structure of CHMFL-074 in complex with ABL1 kinase (PDB ID: 5HU9) revealed a typical type II binding mode (DFG-out) but relatively rare hinge binding. Kinome wide selectivity profiling demonstrated that CHMFL-074 bore a high selectivity (S score(1) = 0.03) and potently inhibited ABL1 kinase (IC50: 24 nM) and PDGFR / (IC50: 71 nM and 88 nM). CHMFL-074 displayed strong anti-proliferative efficacy against BCR-ABL-driven CML cell lines such as K562 (GI50: 56 nM), MEG-01 (GI50: 18 nM) and KU812 (GI50: 57 nM). CHMFL-074 arrested cell cycle into the G0/G1 phase and induced apoptosis in the Ph+ CML cell lines. In addition, it potently inhibited the CML patient primary cells proliferation but did not affect the normal bone marrow cells. In the CML cell K562 inoculated xenograft mouse model, oral administration of 100 mg/kg/d of CHMFL-074 achieved a tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of 65% without exhibiting apparent toxicity. As a potential drug candidate for fighting CML, CHMFL-074 is under extensive preclinical safety evaluation now.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

PI3K has been found to be over-expressed in B-Cell-related malignancies. Despite the clinical success of the first selective PI3K inhibitor, CAL-101, inhibition of PI3K itself did not show too much cytotoxic efficacy against cancer cells. One possible reason is that PI3K inhibition induced autophagy that protects the cells from death. Since class III PI3K isoform PIK3C3/Vps34 participates in autophagy initiation and progression, we predicted that a PI3K and Vps34 dual inhibitor might improve the anti-proliferative activity observed for PI3K-targeted inhibitors. We discovered a highly potent ATP-competitive PI3K/Vps34 dual inhibitor, PI3KD/V-IN-01, which displayed 10-1500 fold selectivity over other PI3K isoforms and did not inhibit any other kinases in the kinome. In cells, PI3KD/V-IN-01 showed 30-300 fold selectivity between PI3K and other class I PI3K isoforms. PI3KD/V-IN-01 exhibited better anti-proliferative activity against AML, CLL and Burkitt lymphoma cell lines than known selective PI3K and Vps34 inhibitors. Interestingly, we observed FLT3-ITD AML cells are more sensitive to PI3KD/V-IN-01 than the FLT3 wt expressing cells. In AML cell inoculated xenograft mouse model, PI3KD/V-IN-01 exhibited dose-dependent anti-tumor growth efficacies. These results suggest that dual inhibition of PI3K and Vps34 might be a useful approach to improve the PI3K inhibitors anti-tumor efficacy.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

The FLT3-ITD mutation is one of the most prevalent oncogenic mutations in AML. Several FLT3 kinase inhibitors have shown impressive activity in clinical evaluation, however clinical responses are usually transient and clinical effects are rapidly lost due to drug resistance. One of the resistance mechanisms in the AML refractory patients involves FLT3-ligand induced reactivation of AKT and/or ERK signaling via FLT3 wt kinase. Via a screen of numerous AKT kinase inhibitors, we identified the well-established orally available AKT inhibitor, A674563, as a dual suppressor of AKT and FLT3-ITD. A674563 suppressed FLT3-ITD positive AML both in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, compared to other FLT3 inhibitors, A674563 is able to overcome FLT3 ligand-induced drug resistance through simultaneous inhibition of FLT3-ITD- and AKT-mediated signaling. Our findings suggest that A674563 might be a potential drug candidate for overcoming FLT3 ligand-mediated drug resistance in FLT3-ITD positive AML.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

PI3K is predominately expressed in leukocytes and has been found overexpressed in B-cell related malignances such as CLL and AML. We have discovered a highly selective ATP competitive PI3Kd inhibitor PI3KD-IN-015, which exhibits a high selectivity among other PI3K isoforms in both biochemical assays and cellular assay, meanwhile did not inhibit most of other protein kinases in the kinome. PI3KD-IN-015 demonstrates moderately anti-proliferation efficacies against a variety of B-cell related cancer cell lines through down-regulate the PI3K signaling significantly. It induced both apoptosis and autophagy in B-cell malignant cell lines. In addition, combination of autophagy inhibitor Bafilomycin could potentiate the moderate anti-proliferation effect of PI3KD-IN-015. PI3KD-IN-015 shows anti-proliferation efficacy against CLL and AML patient primary cells. Collectively, these results indicate that PI3KD-IN-015 may be useful drug candidate for further development of anti-B-cell related malignances therapies.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS Hefei Institutes of Physical Science and CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2016

The discovery of a novel potent type II ABL/c-KIT dual kinase inhibitor compound 34 (CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155), which utilized a hydrogen bond formed by NH on the kinase backbone and carbonyl oxygen of 34 as a unique hinge binding, is described. 34 potently inhibited purified ABL (IC


Liu F.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Liu F.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Wang J.,Harvard University | Yang X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | And 29 more authors.
ACS Chemical Biology | Year: 2016

STK16, a serine/threonine protein kinase, is ubiquitously expressed and is conserved among all eukaryotes. STK16 has been implicated to function in a variety of cellular processes such as VEGF and cargo secretion, but the pathways through which these effects are mediated remain to be elucidated. Through screening of our focused library of kinase inhibitors, we discovered a highly selective ATP competitive inhibitor, STK16-IN-1, which exhibits potent inhibitory activity against STK16 kinase (IC50: 0.295 μM) with excellent selectivity across the kinome as assessed using the KinomeScan profiling assay (S score (1) = 0.0). In MCF-7 cells, treatment with STK16-IN-1 results in a reduction in cell number and accumulation of binucleated cells, which can be recapitulated by RNAi knockdown of STK16. Co-treatment of STK16-IN-1 with chemotherapeutics such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, colchicine, and paclitaxel results in a slight potentiation of the antiproliferative effects of the chemotherapeutics. STK16-IN-1 provides a useful tool compound for further elucidating the biological functions of STK16. © 2016 American Chemical Society.

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