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Li X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Li X.,CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory | Wang A.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang A.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 29 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

FLT3-ITD mutant has been observed in about 30% of AML patients and extensively studied as a drug discovery target. On the basis of the structure of PCI-32765 (ibrutinib), a BTK kinase inhibitor that was recently reported to bear FLT3 kinase activity through a structure-guided drug design approach, we have discovered compound 18 (CHMFL-FLT3-122), which displayed an IC50 of 40 nM against FLT3 kinase and achieved selectivity over BTK kinase (over 10-fold). It significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLT3-ITD positive AML cancer cell lines MV4-11 (GI50 = 22 nM), MOLM13/14 (GI50 = 21 nM/42 nM). More importantly, 18 demonstrated 170-fold selectivity between FLT3 kinase and c-KIT kinase (GI50 = 11 nM versus 1900 nM) in the TEL-fusion isogenic BaF3 cells indicating a potential to avoid the FLT3/c-KIT dual inhibition induced myelosuppression toxicity. In the cellular context it strongly affected FLT3-ITD mediated signaling pathways and induced apoptosis by arresting the cell cycle into the G0/G1 phase. In the in vivo studies 18 demonstrated a good bioavailability (30%) and significantly suppressed the tumor growth in MV4-11 cell inoculated xenograft model (50 mg/kg) without exhibiting obvious toxicity. Compound 18 might be a potential drug candidate for FLT3-ITD positive AML. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source


Wang Q.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang Q.,CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory | Liu F.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Liu F.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 31 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

c-KIT kinase is a validated drug discovery target for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Clinically used c-KIT kinase inhibitors, i.e., Imatinib and Sunitinib, bear other important targets such as ABL or FLT3 kinases. Here we report our discovery of a more selective c-KIT inhibitor, compound 13 (CHMFL-KIT-110), which completely abolished ABL and FLT3 kinase activity. KinomeScan selectivity profiling (468 kinases) of 13 exhibited a high selectivity (S score (1) = 0.01). 13 displayed great antiproliferative efficacy against GISTs cell lines GIST-T1 and GIST-882 (GI50: 0.021 and 0.043 ∼M, respectively). In the cellular context, it effectively affected c-KIT-mediated signaling pathways and induced apoptosis as well as cell cycle arrest. In addition, 13 possessed acceptable bioavailability (36%) and effectively suppressed the tumor growth in GIST-T1 cell inoculated xenograft model without apparent toxicity. 13 currently is undergoing extensive preclinical evaluation and might be a potential drug candidate for GISTs. © 2016 American Chemical Society. Source


Liang X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Liang X.,CHMFL HCMTC Target Therapy Joint Laboratory | Liu X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Liu X.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 29 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

Starting from a dihydropyrimidopyrimidine core scaffold based compound 27 (GNF-7), we discovered a highly potent (ABL1: IC50 of 70 nM) and selective (S score (1) = 0.02) BCR-ABL inhibitor 18a (CHMFL-ABL-053). Compound 18a did not exhibit apparent inhibitory activity against c-KIT kinase, which is the common target of currently clinically used BCR-ABL inhibitors. Through significant suppression of the BCR-ABL autophosphorylation (EC50 about 100 nM) and downstream mediators such as STAT5, Crkl, and ERK's phosphorylation, 18a inhibited the proliferation of CML cell lines K562 (GI50 = 14 nM), KU812 (GI50 = 25 nM), and MEG-01 (GI50 = 16 nM). A pharmacokinetic study revealed that 18a had over 4 h of half-life and 24% bioavailability in rats. A 50 mg/kg/day dosage treatment could almost completely suppress tumor progression in the K562 cells inoculated xenograft mouse model. As a potential useful drug candidate for CML, 18a is under extensive preclinical safety evaluation now. © 2016 American Chemical Society. Source


Liu X.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Liu X.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang A.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang A.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 36 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

PI3Kd is predominately expressed in leukocytes and has been found overexpressed in B-cell related malignances such as CLL and AML. We have discovered a highly selective ATP competitive PI3Kd inhibitor PI3KD-IN-015, which exhibits a high selectivity among other PI3K isoforms in both biochemical assays and cellular assay, meanwhile did not inhibit most of other protein kinases in the kinome. PI3KDIN- 015 demonstrates moderately anti-proliferation efficacies against a variety of B-cell related cancer cell lines through down-regulate the PI3K signaling significantly. It induced both apoptosis and autophagy in B-cell malignant cell lines. In addition, combination of autophagy inhibitor Bafilomycin could potentiate the moderate antiproliferation effect of PI3KD-IN-015. PI3KD-IN-015 shows anti-proliferation efficacy against CLL and AML patient primary cells. Collectively, these results indicate that PI3KD-IN-015 may be useful drug candidate for further development of anti-B-cell related malignances therapies. Source


Wang A.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wang A.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Wu H.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Wu H.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | And 32 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

The FLT3-ITD mutation is one of the most prevalent oncogenic mutations in AML. Several FLT3 kinase inhibitors have shown impressive activity in clinical evaluation, however clinical responses are usually transient and clinical effects are rapidly lost due to drug resistance. One of the resistance mechanisms in the AML refractory patients involves FLT3-ligand induced reactivation of AKT and/or ERK signaling via FLT3 wt kinase. Via a screen of numerous AKT kinase inhibitors, we identified the well-established orally available AKT inhibitor, A674563, as a dual suppressor of AKT and FLT3-ITD. A674563 suppressed FLT3-ITD positive AML both in vitro and in vivo. More importantly, compared to other FLT3 inhibitors, A674563 is able to overcome FLT3 ligand-induced drug resistance through simultaneous inhibition of FLT3-ITDand AKT-mediated signaling. Our findings suggest that A674563 might be a potential drug candidate for overcoming FLT3 ligand-mediated drug resistance in FLT3-ITD positive AML. Source

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