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Pathankot, India

Sachdeva K.,Chintpurni Medical College | Singla R.K.,Government Medical College | Kalsey G.,G.I.D.S. | Sharma G.,FMT
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2011

The sacrum has always attracted the attention of the medico-legal experts for establishing the sex, because of its contribution to pelvic girdle and associated functional sex differences. The present study was performed to evaluate the reliability of the various parameters of sacrum in this regard. The material for the study comprised of 50 adult sacra (M: F= 40:10), obtained from the Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Amritsar. Different parameters viz. Midventral straight length, Midventral curved length, Ventral straight breadth, Transverse diameter of base, Transverse diameter of body of S 1, Antero-posterior diameter of body of S 1, Breadth of alae were measured and indices viz. Sacral index, Longitudinal curvature index and Corporobasal index were calculated and statistically analyzed. Out of these Midventral straight length, Midventral curved length, Transverse diameter of base, Antero-posterior diameter of body of S 1 and Breadth of alae were found to be significantly more in males while Sacral index was significantly more in females. Corporobasal index was found to be more in females though statistically insignificant.


Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab | Gupta R.,BPS Government Medical College for Women | Sachdeva K.,Chintpurni Medical College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

During the evolution from the lower animals to man, the upper limbs have acquired a great mobility, but at the cost of their stability. The reverse is true for the lower limbs. The muscular anomalies which are common in the upper limbs are largely explainable on a phylogenetic basis. The same is true for the vascular anomalies. However, such anomalies are usually seen singly and they are never together in the same limb or in two limbs of the same body. The upper limbs which are being reported here had multiple musculovascular anomalies and some of these were bilateral. These include the superficial brachial artery, the accessory head of the biceps brachii, the accessory muscular slips which arose from the common flexor origin and went to the tendons of the flexor digitorum profundus and the flexor pollicis longus separately, bifurcation of the tendon of insertion of the brachioradialis and bifurcated (split) insertion of the third lumbrical on the adjacent fingers. Though all these variations have been described in the standard text books of Anatomy, their occurrence, together in one limb and the bilateral presentations of some of these, have never been encountered. Almost all these variations have been explained phylogenically, thus supporting the dictum, "The ontogeny repeats the phylogeny." Furthermore, their clinical significance has also been discussed.


Passi K.,Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical science and Research | Sood A.,Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical science and Research | Passi U.,Guru Nanak Institutions | Sood N.,Chintpurni Medical College | Devgun P.,Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical science and Research
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

A longitudinal community based study was conducted among the population of a rural community in the Verka block of District Amritsar from December 1998 through February 1999 to determine the incidence, risk factors, morbidity associated with acute respiratory tract infection in children under 5 years of age. Data were obtained from a total of 503 children, who were visited twice weekly for detection of risk factors. The overall incidence of ARI was 4.41 episodes per child. The highest incidence was observed in the age group of 1-2 years (average 1.3) and lowest rates were observed in age group of 0-1 year (avg.1.03) years. The incidence was higher in boys than in girls. Lower socio-economic status, un-immunized, children of parents who smoke, environmental pollution, unfed breast milk children, had the greater risk of ARI episodes. An increase in magnitude of ARI was observed with the decrease of literacy rate. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. All rights reserved.


Sharma T.,Government of Punjab | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab | Lalit M.,Chintpurni Medical College
Journal of the Nepal Medical Association | Year: 2010

During routine dissection of a 60 years male cadaver, it was observed that the two divisions of sciatic nerve were separate in the gluteal region on both the sides with the tibial nerve passing below the piriformis and the common peroneal nerve piercing the piriformis muscle. The abnormal passage of the sciatic nerve (SN), the common peroneal nerve (CPN), and the tibial nerve (TN), either through the piriformis or below the superior gemellus may facilitate compression of these nerves. Knowledge of such patterns is also important for surgeons dealing with piriformis syndrome which affects 5-6% of patients referred for the treatment of back and leg pain. A high division may also account for frequent failures reported with the popliteal block.


Sachdeva K.,Chintpurni Medical College | Singla R.K.,Government of Punjab
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Variations in the formation of brachial plexus are common and have been reported by several investigators in relation to origin of roots, trunks, cords, divisions and branches. The nerves of the extremities are especially vulnerable to injury because of their long course and superficial distribution. The basic anatomy of median and ulnar nerves in the upper limb is well described in the textbooks. Previously, an ample amount of work has been done upon the communications between the median and ulnar nerves in the forearm and hand. In the present case, an unreported pattern was seen where whole of the ulnar nerve was arising from the median nerve in the arm during routine under graduate dissections, in left upper limb of a 60 year old male. Its phylogeny and clinical implications are discussed in detail. A lack of awareness of variations might complicate surgical repair and may cause ineffective nerve blockade.

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