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Wang J.-J.,National Cheng Kung University | Lin Y.-H.,Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health | Hsieh L.-Y.,Chia Yi Christian Hospital
Aging and Mental Health | Year: 2011

Objective: The purpose of this research was to test the clinical use of the gerotranscendence (GT) theory and its influence on GT perspective, depression, and life satisfaction among a group of institutionalized elders. Methods: An experimental study utilizing pre-post group design and random assignment of elders into intervention and control group was conducted. The intervention support group was implemented in the experimental group once a week for eight weeks for 60 min. Over the eight-week period, 35 subjects in the experimental group and 41 in the control group completed the study. Data were collected one week before and one week after the intervention for both groups. Instruments include the GT Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale short form, and Life Satisfaction scale. Data were analyzed by paired t-test, Wilcoxon, McNemar, and analysis of co-variance. Results: Pre- and post-test scores on the GT perspective and life satisfaction were significantly increased (p = 0.000) in the experimental group. The mean depression score of the experimental group showed a slight but not significant decrease (p = 0.06). However, significant post-test differences were noted between groups in GT perspective, depression, and life satisfaction (p = 0.000, 0.01, and 0.000). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that after participating in a GT support group, institutionalized elders' GT perspective and life satisfaction were enhanced, and depression reduced. The positive effects demonstrated by this study can be extended and applied to the clinical health promotion of institutionalized elders. Ongoing GT intervention is encouraged to promote mental and spiritual health among institutionalized elders. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

Chen T.-H.,National Taiwan Normal University | Chen T.-H.,Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health | Lue K.-Y.,National Taiwan Normal University
ORYX | Year: 2010

Because of burgeoning demand in the Chinese market and extensive habitat loss more than half of the freshwater turtle and tortoise species in Asia are categorized as Endangered or Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. To investigate the distribution and status of the native freshwater turtle species of Taiwan a trapping programme was conducted during 2001-2007, yielding a total of 1,828 individuals of four native species at 103 sites. Mauremys sinensis was the most abundant and widely distributed species; it was collected from 70 sites and accounted for 78.6% of all turtles captures. Mauremys mutica comprised 17.8% at 46 sites. Pelodiscus sinensis were captured in low numbers at 19 sites. No Mauremys reevesii were collected on the main island of Taiwan but the species was found on Kinmen Island near mainland China. Capture success was low at most sites and overall sex ratios were significantly male-biased in all species, suggesting that the freshwater turtles have suffered from the negative effects of habitat disturbance and extensive exploitation. Effective conservation measures are urgently required to ensure the viability of the native freshwater turtle species of Taiwan. Copyright © 2010 Fauna & Flora International. Source

Wu C.-Y.,Taipei Medical University Hospital | Wu C.-Y.,National Yang Ming University | Hu H.-Y.,Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health | Pu C.-Y.,National Yang Ming University | And 5 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2011

Background: The possible effect of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) on subsequent lung cancer development has been suspected, but the evidence remains inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to perform a nationwide population-based cohort study to investigate the risk of lung cancer after pulmonary TB infection. Methods: This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on data obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. In total, 5657 TB patients and 23,984 controls matched for age and sex were recruited for the study from 1997 to 2008. Results: The incidence rate of lung cancer (269 of 100,000 person-years) was significantly higher in the pulmonary TB patients than that in controls (153 of 100,000 person-years) (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-2.32; P <.001). Compared with the controls, the IRRs of lung cancer in the TB cohort were 1.98 at 2 to 4 years, 1.42 at 5 to 7 years, and 1.59 at 8 to 12 years after TB infections. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model revealed pulmonary TB infections (hazard ratio [HR], 1.64; 95% CI, 1.24-2.15; P <.001) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.14; P =.002) to be independent risk factors for lung cancer. Conclusions: Pulmonary infection with TB is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source

Hsu P.-S.,Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study is aims to develop an inventory assessing self-determined motivation for e-Learning courses in college. The study involves 397 college students, with exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach alpha scale reliability, and the validity of the test. Selfdetermined learning motivation scale is accordance with the Learning Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-L) by Williams & Deci (1996) and Black & Deci (2000). It compiled and revised the initial inventory consisted of 14 items, it divided into four dimensions, such as, "Intrinsic motivation", " Identified regulation", "Introjected Regulation ", and "External regulation", the total explained variance was 71.35%. The Cronbach alpha is.87, with acceptable construct validity and reliability of measurement tools, it can provide the future development of e-Learning courses. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source

Tsai C.-J.,National Taiwan Ocean University | Tsai C.-J.,Ching Kuo Institute of Management and Health | Sun Pan B.,National Taiwan Ocean University
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

The fatty acid compositions of 21 species of marine macroalgae, including 5 species of Chlorophyta (green algae), 13 of Rhodophyta (red algae), and 3 of Heterokontophyta (brown algae), were collected from northeastern Taiwan to survey their functional lipids. The lipid contents of green algae ranged from 15.36 to 20.15 mg/g, dry basis (db), and were characterized by a high content of C18:2 and C18:3, red algae (18.57-28.34 mg/g db) were high in C20:4 and C20:5, and brown algae (13.11-19.56 mg/g db) were high in C18:4, C20:4, and C:20:5. All algal lipids contained fatty acids of odd-number carbons, C17:0, and C17:1. Red algae had relatively higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and were richer in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) than green and brown algae. A red alga, Porphyra crispata, was extracted with ethanol and separated on a hydrophobic column (Diaion HP-20 column) to obtain sulfoglycolipids (sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols, SQDGs). The main fatty acids in SQDGs were palmitic acid (C16:0), 33.3%; EPA (C20:5), 30.0%; arachidonic acid (C20:4), 12.7%; oleic acid (C18:1), 7.52%; and stearic acid (C18:0), 6.83%. The n-3/n-6 ratio was 1.9, whereas the authentic standard, spinach SQDG, did not contain n-3 fatty acids. Sulfoglycolipids inhibited the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2). The IC50 was 126 μg/mL, which is lower than that of the spinach SQDG (255 μg/mL). © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

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