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Chen Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army
International orthopaedics | Year: 2013

To investigate the clinical and radiological results of total disc replacement (TDR) in the cervical spine with preoperative reducible kyphosis, and discuss when TDR is indicated for the patients with preoperative kyphosis. Fifty-two patients who underwent single-level cervical TDR from June 2008 to May 2010 were included in this study. TDR was indicated for patients with preoperative lordosis or reducible kyphosis, and the patients were divided into a lordotic group (preoperative global angle of ≥0°) and kyphotic group (preoperative global angle of <0°). Clinical results were evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score and Neck Disablity Index (NDI). For radiological evaluation, the global and functional spinal unit (FSU) angles and the global and FSU range of motion were measured preoperatively and postoperatively. The mean NDI in the kyphotic group was significantly higher than that in the lordotic group preoperatively and at six months postoperatively, but the groups showed no significant differences in JOA score, VAS score and NDI at the two year follow-up. The mean global and FSU angles in the kyphotic group were significantly lower than those in the lordotic group preoperatively and at six months postoperatively, but they gradually improved postoperatively. The differences lost significance at the two year follow-up. Postoperative cervical kyphosis had adverse effects on the NDI after TDR. Artificial discs, symptom relief, and neck functional exercises may contribute to correction of preoperative reducible kyphosis at different stages after cervical TDR. Preoperative reducible kyphosis should not be an independent contraindication for cervical TDR. Source

Tang S.-Q.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics | Year: 2014

So far treatment of advanced neuroblastoma is still difficult, due to its high malignancy. Currently comprehensive therapies, including high-dose multi-drug chemotherapy, surgery, stem cell transplantation, radiation, biological therapy and immune therapy as well as target therapy dominant the treatment of this disease, and we hereby introduce the latest development of treatment protocols for this disease. Source

The in vitro activity of linezolid was evaluated against 84 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains, isolated from the center for tuberculosis research and treatment of the Chinese army. Linezolid showed excellent activity, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.125-0.5 μg/mL against all tested isolates. There were no differences in the MIC(50) and MIC(90) of linezolid between susceptible, isoniazid-resistant, MDR, and XDR. Indeed, all of the groups displayed identical MIC(90) values of 0.25 μg/mL, which is lower than previously reported in similar studies. We conclude that linezolid may be a more effective drug against M. tuberculosis and may play an important role in treating drug-resistant tuberculosis in China. Source

Liu Y.N.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army
Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases | Year: 2011

To investigate the pathogens, clinical manifestations, prognosis of and the risk factors for pulmonary mycosis in China. All cases of pulmonary mycosis from 16 centers in 10 cities from Jan. 1998 to Dec. 2007 that met the diagnostic criteria were included for clinical, microbiological and radiological analysis. Totally 474 cases of pulmonary mycosis were retrieved. The top 5 pulmonary mycosis was pulmonary aspergillosis (180 cases, 37.9%), pulmonary candidiasis (162 cases, 34.2%), pulmonary cryptococcosis (74 cases, 15.6%), pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (23 cases, 4.8%) and pulmonary mucormycosis (10 cases, 2.1%). The constituent ratio in the last 3 years was similar to that in the former 7 years. The main pathogens of pulmonary candidiasis were Candida albicans (308/474, 65.0%) and Candida tropicalis (57/474, 12.0%), which were sensitive to common azoles. Compared with bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary mycosis showed more symptoms of hemoptysis (147/474, 31.0%) and pleural effusion (95/474, 20.0%), and less radiological specificity. Classical halo sign (4/474, 0.8%) and crescentic sign (17/474, 3.6%) were only shown in several cases of pulmonary mycosis. The most common underlying diseases were tumor (including solid tumor and malignant hematological diseases) (94/474, 19.8%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (52/474, 11.0%), pulmonary tuberculosis (50/474, 10.5%) and diabetes (48/474, 10.1%). Compared with the other common pulmonary mycosis, pulmonary cryptococcosis affected younger patients, and more cases were community-acquired, but fewer cases with underlining diseases or compromised immune function, and had a better prognosis. The ahead five species of pulmonary mycosis in China were orderly pulmonary aspergillosis, pulmonary candidosis, pulmonary cryptococcosis, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and pulmonary mucormycosis. The main pathogens of pulmonary candidosis were Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis, which were sensitive to common azoles. Compared with the other common pulmonary mycosis, pulmonary cryptococcosis catch younger patients, had more community-acquired cases, and had better prognosis. Source

Yangzhou Yilin Biotechnology Co. and Chinese People's Liberation Army | Date: 2012-04-13

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