Chinese Nutrition Society

Beijing, China

Chinese Nutrition Society

Beijing, China

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News Article | May 22, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

BEIJING, May 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- As we get older, we are not only increasingly eager to maintain our young look, but we also hope that our brain response and memory remain good as well. Fortunately, with the development of science and technology, the scientific research products dealing with brain health of the middle-aged and elderly might make it possible to "keep the brain spry". During the 13th China Nutrition Science Congress held by the Chinese Nutrition Society, Nestle launched "Nestle YIYANG Fuel for brainTM senior milk powder" a new innovative product in the Chinese market. The product is specially designed to help people over 50 years old "refuel their brains and start a new smart life". Developing a healthy lifestyle and protecting your brain as you age China is facing a very grim aging trend. As shown by 2010 demographic census data, the population over the age of 50 accounted for 28.3% of the total population; as of 2016, there were 350 million people over 50 years old, accounting for 25% of the total population; by 2050, this proportion may reach 50%. According to Wenhua ZHAO, deputy director of National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the aging of the population, or extended average life expectancy, is the inevitable result of societal progress and development. Middle-aged people and the elderly should pay attention to a balanced intake of nutrients and development of a healthy lifestyle. According to scientific research, the human brain does not produce its energy, it needs to take in glucose, which is the main energy source, continuously from blood as fuel. When people get older, they tend to have slower reaction times, decreased memory and sometimes they feel their brain cannot fully function. This may be partially associated with the fact that as we age, glucose intake ability and use decreases so that the brain cannot get enough fuel to function optimally. Another alternative source of brain energy comes from ketone, i.e., when there is lack of energy, ketone as the metabolite of fat, can be taken as alternative energy directly for brain. Guowei HUANG, brain health expert and dean of School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University said, "Compared with healthy young people, the brain of the elderly utilizes glucose at only 85-90% the rate of young people while patients with Alzheimer's disease utilize only around 75%. Studies have shown that medium chain triglyceride (MCT) can be converted into ketone bodies and serve as an alternative source of energy for the minds of the elderly." Experts believe that reasonable nutritional supplements for the brain help to delay aging and prevent and control various geriatric diseases, so as to achieve the goal of good health and longevity and improved quality of life. Compared with long chain triglyceride, MCT (medium chain triglyceride) is easier for intake and metabolism. It can rapidly release energy to quickly provide the brain with energy and nutrients. In the case of under-utilization of glucose, MCT can directly supply energy to the brain in lieu of glucose, supporting the brain's normal energy needs without being stored as fat in the body. MCT naturally exists in lauric oils such as coconut oil, which is a natural plant source ingredient. MCT has been early applied in medical care products with special needs, like milk powder for premature babies, sports energy products etc. Additionally, MCT has shown potential in research in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. "Nestle YIYANG Fuel for brainTM senior milk powder" contains MCT which can be efficiently converted into ketone, the energy required by brain, to 'feed' the brain. This is why the milk powder is named "Fuel for Brain," said Marianne Tsanis, vice president of Dairy Business Unit, Nestle Greater China. At present, Chinese people tend to place great emphasis on treatment while placing little emphasis on prevention; however, prevention is more important than treatment for chronic disease management. As a world leader in "Nutrition, Health and Wellness", Nestle is deeply aware that with an increase of age, people need to pay more attention to their daily nutrition intake. Dr. Fabrizio Arigoni, head of Nestle Research Center Asia, will deliver a speech on the challenges of aging from a nutrition and health viewpoint at Aging Nutrition and Successful Aging Session of China Nutrition Science Congress and will emphasize the role that diet can play in preventing the onset of age related diseases.  After 50 years old of age, people particularly need nutritious food that meets their age characteristics so as to maintain good health and quality of life. To care for the elderly, in addition to encouraging them to actively participate in physical fitness activities, it is equally important to help them supplement nutritions and build a scientific nutrition structure. The launch of "Nestle YIYANG Fuel for brainTM senior milk powder" is another move to express deep concern for the elderly. Nestle has specially put forward a new concept of "happy aging" for people above 50 years old. Under this concept, the middle-aged and the elderly are encouraged to actively pursue quality of life and merrily enjoy their life. "As an old Chinese saying goes, 'Diet cures more than the doctors'. Nestle YIYANG has always been committed to providing healthy ideas and nutrition programs for people above 50 years old. We advocate the middle-aged and the elderly to be more proactive in managing their own health, and we also call on everyone no matter what age to pay more attention to their nutrition and health," said Marianne Tsanis, vice president of Dairy Business Unit, Nestle Greater China. As the largest food company and a leading company committed to "Nutrition, Health and Wellness", Nestle has been providing nutritious and healthy food for consumers for more than 150 years. Relying on its industry leading research and development capabilities, the network that comprises of 40 centers, Nestle tailors nutrient formula of dairy products for population groups of various ages. Nestle YIYANG is tailored for Chinese consumers above 50 years old according to their physical characteristics with an aim to provide them with better health and more vitality and enable more possibilities. Nestle YIYANG has launched three milk powder products for middle-aged and elderly in China, i.e., Nestle YIYANG Jianxin Gold 2-in-1 Formula Senior milk powder, Nestle YIYANG Omega 3:6 Jianxin Senior milk powder and Nestle YIYANG Protects(Yi Hu Yin Zi)Senior milk powder Plus the newly launched " Nestle YIYANG Fuel for brainTM senior milk powder", Nestle YIYANG brand has had four milk powder for middle-aged and the elderly for bones, heart, digestive health and cognitive ability, all of which are the health problems most concerned about by people above 50 years old. Nestle YIYANG cherishes the demand of middle-aged and elderly people to pursue "happy aging" and helps these people above 50 years old to have a longer and younger state through reasonable dietary nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.


News Article | May 24, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

The Foundation, which aims to promote a balanced and nutritious diet for Chinese citizens, was launched during China's 13th National Nutrition Science Congress held on 22-24 May in Beijing. With support from the Foundation, the Chinese Nutrition Society plans to expand its research into China's restaurant industry and increase its focus on public nutrition education, as well as initiatives to promote balanced diets. Yang Yuexin, President of the Chinese Nutrition Society, said, "We are pleased to collaborate with Yum China, China's leading restaurant company, to establish the CNS-Yum China Dietary Health Foundation. With this Foundation, we hope to encourage more Chinese people to embrace balanced nutritious diets." Alice Wang, Senior Vice President of Public Affairs of Yum China, said, "We are honored to partner with China's most influential nutrition organization on this important initiative. Through our joint efforts, we look forward to furthering nutrition research and building understanding of healthy dietary habits among China's urban population." Yum China has a long history of supporting research into nutrition and balanced diets. In 2007, Yum China and the China Red Cross Foundation established the KFC China Health Foundation, and over the past 10 years, Yum China has provided approximately RMB 15 million (approximately USD 2.2 million) to support over 50 science research and education programs to improve the eating habits of Chinese people. Through partnership with the Chinese Nutrition Society, the original KFC China Health Foundation has been transformed into the CNS-Yum China Dietary Health Foundation. Yum China's restaurants across the country actively participate in public health and nutrition campaigns to expand understanding of the importance of good nutrition. Over the past two years, Yum China's flagship restaurant chain, KFC China, has promoted China's National Nutrition Week. In 2017, thousands of KFC China restaurants produced illustrated paper tray mats to broaden nutritional awareness - reaching over 30 million customers. The Company also organizes an annual KFC 3x3 Basketball Championship and sponsors multiple marathons and other sporting events across the country. This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. We intend all forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and by the use of forward-looking words such as "expect," "expectation," "believe," "anticipate," "may," "could," "intend," "belief," "plan," "estimate," "target," "predict," "likely," "will," "should," "forecast," "outlook", "look forward" or similar terminology. These statements are based on current estimates and assumptions made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable under the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and are inherently subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by those statements. We cannot assure you that any of our expectations, estimates or assumptions will be achieved. The forward-looking statements included in this press release are only made as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law. All forward-looking statements should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty. You should consult our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (including the information set forth under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Forward-Looking Statements" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K) for additional detail about factors that could affect our financial and other results. Yum China Holdings, Inc. is a licensee of Yum! Brands in mainland China. It has exclusive rights in mainland China to KFC, China's leading quick-service restaurant brand, Pizza Hut, the leading casual dining restaurant brand in China, and Taco Bell, which opened its first restaurant in China at the end of 2016. Yum China also owns the Little Sheep and East Dawning concepts outright. Yum China is well positioned for growth thanks to its strong competitive position, integration of its brands into Chinese popular culture and consumers' daily lives, expanding geographic footprint in China and existing operational expertise. It has a strong capital position, no external debt and expects to continue growing its system sales and profit by adding new restaurants and through growing same-store sales. Yum China had more than 7,600 restaurants and more than 420,000 employees in over 1,100 cities at the end of February 2017. A new generation of younger consumers who are digitally sophisticated and brand driven are fueling growth in consumption in China. The ongoing growth of the middle class and urban population in China is expected to create the world's largest market for restaurant brands, with Yum China poised to be the market leader. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/yum-china-launches-cns-yum-china-dietary-health-foundation-300462920.html


News Article | May 24, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

SHANGHAI, May 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Yum China Holdings, Inc. (the "Company" or "Yum China") (NYSE: YUMC) announced that it has partnered with the Chinese Nutrition Society ("CNS"), China's top professional organization dedicated to the research and application of best nutrition practices, to launch the CNS-Yum China Dietary Health Foundation ("Foundation"), reaffirming the Company's commitment to supporting research and development in the field of nutritional science. The Foundation, which aims to promote a balanced and nutritious diet for Chinese citizens, was launched during China's 13th National Nutrition Science Congress held on 22-24 May in Beijing. With support from the Foundation, the Chinese Nutrition Society plans to expand its research into China's restaurant industry and increase its focus on public nutrition education, as well as initiatives to promote balanced diets. Yang Yuexin, President of the Chinese Nutrition Society, said, "We are pleased to collaborate with Yum China, China's leading restaurant company, to establish the CNS-Yum China Dietary Health Foundation. With this Foundation, we hope to encourage more Chinese people to embrace balanced nutritious diets." Alice Wang, Senior Vice President of Public Affairs of Yum China, said, "We are honored to partner with China's most influential nutrition organization on this important initiative. Through our joint efforts, we look forward to furthering nutrition research and building understanding of healthy dietary habits among China's urban population." Yum China has a long history of supporting research into nutrition and balanced diets. In 2007, Yum China and the China Red Cross Foundation established the KFC China Health Foundation, and over the past 10 years, Yum China has provided approximately RMB 15 million (approximately USD 2.2 million) to support over 50 science research and education programs to improve the eating habits of Chinese people. Through partnership with the Chinese Nutrition Society, the original KFC China Health Foundation has been transformed into the CNS-Yum China Dietary Health Foundation. Yum China's restaurants across the country actively participate in public health and nutrition campaigns to expand understanding of the importance of good nutrition. Over the past two years, Yum China's flagship restaurant chain, KFC China, has promoted China's National Nutrition Week. In 2017, thousands of KFC China restaurants produced illustrated paper tray mats to broaden nutritional awareness - reaching over 30 million customers. The Company also organizes an annual KFC 3x3 Basketball Championship and sponsors multiple marathons and other sporting events across the country. This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. We intend all forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and by the use of forward-looking words such as "expect," "expectation," "believe," "anticipate," "may," "could," "intend," "belief," "plan," "estimate," "target," "predict," "likely," "will," "should," "forecast," "outlook", "look forward" or similar terminology. These statements are based on current estimates and assumptions made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable under the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and are inherently subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by those statements. We cannot assure you that any of our expectations, estimates or assumptions will be achieved. The forward-looking statements included in this press release are only made as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law. All forward-looking statements should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty. You should consult our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (including the information set forth under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Forward-Looking Statements" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K) for additional detail about factors that could affect our financial and other results. Yum China Holdings, Inc. is a licensee of Yum! Brands in mainland China. It has exclusive rights in mainland China to KFC, China's leading quick-service restaurant brand, Pizza Hut, the leading casual dining restaurant brand in China, and Taco Bell, which opened its first restaurant in China at the end of 2016. Yum China also owns the Little Sheep and East Dawning concepts outright. Yum China is well positioned for growth thanks to its strong competitive position, integration of its brands into Chinese popular culture and consumers' daily lives, expanding geographic footprint in China and existing operational expertise. It has a strong capital position, no external debt and expects to continue growing its system sales and profit by adding new restaurants and through growing same-store sales. Yum China had more than 7,600 restaurants and more than 420,000 employees in over 1,100 cities at the end of February 2017. A new generation of younger consumers who are digitally sophisticated and brand driven are fueling growth in consumption in China. The ongoing growth of the middle class and urban population in China is expected to create the world's largest market for restaurant brands, with Yum China poised to be the market leader. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/yum-china-launches-cns-yum-china-dietary-health-foundation-300462920.html


BEIJING, May 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Mothers know that nutrition plays an important role in their children's growth and development. So how good is Chinese mums' behavior, attitude, skills, or knowledge on nutrition for kids? Recently, the Chinese Nutrition Society worked with Nestle on a survey among 6- to 12-year-old children from 12 middle and big cities, indicating that the Chinese mums are not quite reaching the recommended standards for children's nutrition. This morning, at the 13th China Nutrition Science Congress (13th CNSC 2017) convened by the Chinese Nutrition Society, school nutrition experts announced key results of the survey at the "School Nutrition Seminar", showing that parents' lack of nutrition knowledge and students' unbalanced diet habits are becoming increasingly common. 57.6% of the surveyed mothers do not think it's necessary to have cereal products in each meal, while 71% believe that an appropriate selection of snacks will not affect the intake of meals. In a bid to raise the public awareness on correct school nutrition mindsets and comprehensive nutrition knowledge, and to support the healthy growth of the next generation in China, the Chinese Nutrition Society and Nestle have formally started off the strategic cooperation on the "School Nutrition and Health across China". Yang Yuexin, director of the Society, noted: "The cooperation aims to actively popularize the school nutrition principles introduced in the Children Dietary Guidelines, and spread school nutrition knowledge to parents nationwide by a variety of online and offline activities. By doing so, the Chinese "new generation" would seize the precious 'six golden years' for physical growth to maintain sound health." Enhancing nutritional intake in a scientific way, children's "six golden years" are too important to miss Ma Guansheng, vice director-general of the Society, demonstrated: "it has been scientifically proven that the 'six golden years' are significant for 6- to 12-year-old children to physically grow up and develop diet habits. Nutrition supplements at this stage are crucial for children. Since 6- to 12-year-old children are studying at school and physically growing quickly, they have greater demands for energy and nutrition than adults. Adequate nutrition secures their intellectual and physical development, and even lifelong health." However, the survey under the joint efforts of Nestle and the Society shows that there are many problems in the nutrition intake of Chinese children during their "six golden years". Only 10% of students have a choice of more than 12 types of food in a day; whereas, only 38% of students have sufficient nutrients in their daily breakfast. In the meantime, 61.8% of the students consume less milk and dairy than recommended in the "Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-age Children (2016)". According to the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016), over 12 types of food should be eaten every day, and more than 25 types every week; cereal-based food diversity holds the key to a balanced diet. Cereal products as the first layer of the dietary pyramid, have the "biggest share" in the diets of Chinese residents. The Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-age Children (2016) emphasizes: firstly, having a good breakfast: breakfast contributes 25% to 30% of total energy for the day. It should be eaten every day and sufficient nutrition should be ensured. A correct amount of whole grain food is crucial for health; secondly, drink milk every day: consume 300 ml or equivalent amount of dairy products every day to meet bone growth needs. There are more than 150 million 5- to 14-year-old school children, accounting for 11% of the total population. So their health has a significant implication on China's future social development. Marianne Tsanis, vice president of Dairy Business Unit, Nestle Greater China, said, "Research has shown that parents are concerned about their children's nutrition and health, but micronutrient deficiency of school children is still an issue, given this, education on school kids nutrition has become essential to students, parents and professional educators." Nestle is working with the Chinese Nutrition Society to launch the strategic cooperation of the "School Nutrition and Health across China", in a bid to actively promote the school nutrition concepts advocated in the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese School-age Children (2016). The strategic initiative encompasses: continuing the survey on parent's attitude, knowledge, skills and behavior status towards the nutrition of 6- to12-year-old students from 12 cities in China so as to know how they understand children's dietary guidelines and their actual situations in their daily life; the promoting caravans of the "School Nutrition and Health across China" program will penetrate into 30 second-, third-, and fourth-tier cities, school nutrition experts from the Chinese Nutrition Society will join in to increase the literacy of school children's dietary guidelines, and interact with parents in the Q & A session; spread children's nutrition knowledge to parents across China via internet, mobile and other digital platforms; as school nutrition consultants, the experts will offer parents with solutions to school nutrition by means of Weibo, WeChat, articles, live webcasts among other channels. Under the strong support of Nestle, the School Nutrition Seminar brought together leading experts in school nutrition across China. Nestle and the experts actively advocate the school nutrition principles recommended by the dietary guidelines, strive to provide Chinese mums with more scientific school nutrition solutions, and will witness the brilliant growth millions within the "six golden years" of children with tens of millions of mums. Marianne Tsanis, vice president of Dairy Business Unit, Nestle Greater China, said, "Nestle believes that every choice made by mums is vital to the growth and development of their children. One of the missions of Nestle dairy business unit is to help mothers nurture their children's growth, with customized nutrition solutions that meet their needs today and contribute to a healthier future." As a world leading company committed to "Nutrition, Health and Wellness", Nestle has been providing nutritious, healthy and tasty food and services for consumers for more than 150 years. Nestle knows the needs of school children for customized nutrition, and makes efforts to provide Chinese mums with more scientific solutions to school nutrition based on the largest food and health R&D network. To meet the full demands for protein and nutrients of school-age children, Nestle upgraded its formula of student milk powder in early 2017, adopting an imported milk source in "a scientific ratio" to support the growth with tripartite nutrition; NESPRAY Golden Start 3 in 1 Student Oat Porridge has been introduced to meet school age children's overall demands for balanced nutrition in breakfast, to make greater growth. Nestle student milk products follow the guidelines of "cultivate with care, apply well nutrition" and is committed to being the leading brand in school nutrition, while shouldering the mission of "acting in alliance with mums to witness the growth of children in the six golden years".


News Article | November 29, 2016
Site: en.prnasia.com

ZHUHAI, China, Nov 29, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Yum China Holdings, Inc.'s ("Yum China") (NYSE:YUMC) KFC Health Foundation hosted its ninth annual conference today in Zhuhai, China. The conference was attended by representatives from Yum China Leadership Team, KFC brand team, and the China Red Cross Foundation ("CRCF"), as well as scientists, scholars and experts in nutrition and health services from around the country. "Nutrition is fundamental to the well-being of Chinese people and we are pleased to support the Healthy China 2030 plan through a wide range of research and educational initiatives," said Micky Pant, CEO of Yum China. "Over the past decade, the Yum China KFC Health Foundation has supported extensive research into the development of nutrition and we are committed to improving understanding of balanced diets throughout China." The Healthy China 2030 plan, recently released by the State Council, outlines the government's goal of increasing the average life expectancy of Chinese people to 79 years and achieving the same health outcomes as high-income countries by 2030. Yum China partnered with the CRCF to establish the Yum China KFC Health Foundation in 2007. Since then, it has provided RMB 15 million (approximately USD 2.2 million) to support over 50 science research and education programs to improve the eating habits of Chinese people. Liu Xuanguo, Vice General Secretary of the CRCF, said, "Yum China has always placed food safety and the promotion of balanced diets as top priorities and central elements of its social commitment. The cooperation between the CRCF and Yum China is a fantastic example of the valuable intersection between philanthropy and business." The conference featured keynote speeches by Dr. Chen Junshi, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Engineering and General Advisor to the China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Professor Guo Hongwei, General Secretary of the Chinese Nutrition Society (CNS), and Professor Su Yixiang, Director of the Maternal and Paediatric Nutrition Sub-committee of CNS. Dr. Chen Junshi explained the key elements of the Healthy China 2030 plan. Professor Guo Hongwei and Professor Su Yixiang outlined China's national nutrition policies and shared their analysis of the National Health and Family Planning Commission's revised Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents 2016. "During the three decades that we have been in China, we have always been committed to improving the lives and nutrition of people across the country," said Alice Wang, Vice President of Public Affairs for Yum China. "We are focused on continuously improving the nutritional profile of our high quality products, while providing our customers with great tasting food and a variety of menu options." Yum China's restaurants across the country actively participate in public health and nutrition campaigns to expand understanding of nutrition. Since 2008, KFC's One Yuan Donation program, which was founded in partnership with the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation, has raised over RMB 130 million (approximately USD 18.8 million) and provided more than 29 million nutritious meals to 145,000 impoverished children across China. In addition, during the China National Nutrition Week in May 2016, KFC restaurants provided over 30 million customers with tray mats to promote nutritional knowledge and share information about the content of a balanced diet for Chinese people. Yum China Holdings, Inc., with executive offices in Shanghai, China, is a licensee of Yum! Brands in Mainland China. It has exclusive rights in Mainland China to KFC, China's leading quick-service restaurant concept, Pizza Hut, the leading casual dining restaurant brand in China, and Taco Bell, which is expanding globally and opening in China in 2016. Yum China also owns the Little Sheep and East Dawning concepts outright. Yum China is well positioned for growth due to its strong competitive position, integration of its brands into Chinese popular culture and consumers' daily lives, expanding geographic footprint in China and existing operational expertise. It has a strong capital position, no external debt and expects to continue growing its system sales and profit by adding new restaurants and through growing same-store sales. Yum China has more than 7,300 restaurants and more than 400,000 employees in over 1,100 cities, and generated over $8 billion in system sales in 2015. A new generation of younger consumers who are digitally sophisticated and brand driven are fueling growth in consumption in China. The ongoing growth of the middle class and urban population in China is expected to create the world's largest market for restaurant brands, with Yum China poised to be the market leader. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/yum-china-kfc-health-foundation-hosts-9th-annual-conference-300369513.html


Zhai F.Y.,Chinese Nutrition Society | Du S.F.,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill | Wang Z.H.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | Zhang J.G.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | And 2 more authors.
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2014

Summary: China's food consumption patterns and eating and cooking behaviours changed dramatically between 1991 and 2011. Macronutrient composition has shifted towards fats, and protein and sodium intakes remain high and potassium intake low. The rapid decline in intake of coarse grains and, later, of refined grains and increases in intake of edible oils and animal-source foods accompanied by major eating and cooking behaviour shifts are leading to what might be characterized as an unhealthy Western type of diet, often based on traditional recipes with major additions and changes. The most popular animal-source food is pork, and consumption of poultry and eggs is increasing. The changes in cooking and eating styles include a decrease in the proportion of food steamed, baked, or boiled, and an increase in snacking and eating away from home. Prior to the last decade, there was essentially no snacking in China except for hot water or green tea. Most recently, the intake of foods high in added sugar has increased. The dietary shifts are affected greatly by the country's urbanization. The future, as exemplified by the diet of the three mega cities, promises major growth in consumption of processed foods and beverages. © 2014 The Authors. Obesity Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the International Association for the Study of Obesity.


Wang H.J.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | Wang Z.H.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | Zhang J.G.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | Du W.W.,China National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2014

Background/Objectives:To analyze the time trends in total dietary fiber (DF) intake, DF food sources and total DF intake per 1000 kcal (DF density) in Chinese adults aged 45 years and above in the past 20 years.Subjects/Methods:We used the data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) collected in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011. Adults who were aged 45 years and above were included in each round. Water-insoluble DF intake was calculated by substituting the water-insoluble DF content of each food in the Chinese Food Composition Table (FCT) for food intake. Total DF was calculated according to the convert index, which indicates the ratio between total DF and water-insoluble DF for each food group.Results:The mean daily total DF intake in males was 19.5 g/day in 1991 and 19.4 g/day in 2011. In females, it was 17.5 g/day in 1991 and 17.6 g/day in 2011. DF density increased in both males and females from 2004 to 2011. It was 9.0 g/1000 kcal in males and 9.5 g/1000 kcal in females in 2011. The major food sources of water-insoluble DF were cereals and vegetables. Communities with different levels of urbanization showed different trends in total DF intake: decreased consumption (2.9 g) in residents of low-urbanization communites and increased consumption (3.1 g) in those of high-urbanization communities.Conclusion:The average total DF intake in Chinese adults aged 45 years and above remained at a stable level. DF density increased because of slight decrease in energy intake. More public health messages should be disseminated, especially to the residents of low-urbanization communities, so as to increase their daily DF intake to a level close to the recommended DF intake. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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