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Li T.-T.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Qiu F.,Chinese Navy General Hospital | Wang Z.-Q.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Sun L.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wan J.,Chinese PLA General Hospital
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a pathogen and the most frequent cause of gastric ulcers. There is also a close correlation between the prevalence of H. pylori infection and the incidence of gastric cancer. We present the case of a 38-year-old woman referred by her primary care physician for screening positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), which showed a nodular strong accumulation point with standardized uptake value 5.6 in the gastric fundus. Gastroscopy was then performed, and a single arched ulcer, 12 mm in size, was found in the gastric fundus. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed chronic mucosal inflammation with acute inflammation and H. pylori infection. There was an obvious mitotic phase with widespread lymphoma. Formal anti-H. pylori treatment was carried out. One month later, a gastroscopy showed a single arched ulcer, measuring 10 mm in size in the gastric fundus. Histopathological examination revealed chronic mucosal inflammation with acute inflammation and a very small amount of H. pylori infection. The mitotic phase was 4/10 high power field, with some heterotypes and an obvious nucleolus. Follow-up gastroscopy 2 mo later showed the gastric ulcer in stage S2. The mucosal swelling had markedly improved. The patient remained asymptomatic, and a follow-up PET-CT was performed 6 mo later. The nodular strong accumulation point had disappeared. Followup gastroscopy showed no evidence of malignant cancer. H. pylori -associated severe inflammation can lead to neoplastic changes in histiocytes. This underscores the importance of eradicating H. pylori, especially in those with mucosal lesions, and ensuring proper follow- up to prevent or even reverse early gastric cancer. © 2013 Baishideng. All rights reserved.

Song W.-A.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Zhou N.-K.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wang W.,Chinese Navy General Hospital | Chu X.-Y.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2010

INTRODUCTION:: The survival effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still unclear based on the study of most up-to-date literatures. This article contributes to this problem by conducting an updated meta-analysis. METHODS:: Based on Burdett et als (J Thorac Oncol 2006;1:611-621) systematic review, this meta-analysis was conducted. Articles were searched electrically. The possible survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was assessed by hazard ratio (HR) in terms of overall survival. A subgroup meta-analysis with only stage III NSCLC was also conducted. The software of Review Manager was used for data management. RESULTS:: Thirteen randomized control trials, 6 of which were new ones, were included into this meta-analysis. The overall survival of NSCLC patients in neoadjuvant chemotherapy arm were improved significantly, comparing with those in surgery-alone arm (combined HR = 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.92; p = 0.0001). When only patients with stage III NSCLC were considered, the result was similar (combined HR = 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.75-0.95; p = 0.005). CONCLUSION:: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, as an addition of surgery, would significantly improve the overall survival of operable NSCLC patients, including patients with stage III NSCLC. Copyright © 2010 by the International Association for the Study of Lung.

Wang L.,Chinese Navy General Hospital | Wang L.,Ohio State University | Wang L.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Liu J.-Q.,Ohio State University | And 4 more authors.
OncoImmunology | Year: 2015

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine that regulates immune responses. IL-10 has also been shown to enhance antitumor CD8+ T-cell responses in tumor models although the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we used a series of genetic mouse models and the mouse plasmacytoma J558 model to investigate this issue. J558 tumors grew significantly faster in IL-10−/− mice than in wild type (WT) mice, but similarly in IL-10−/−Rag2−/− and Rag2−/− mice. Tumors from IL-10−/− mice contained fewer IFN-γ-producing CD8+ and CD4+ T cells than tumors from WT mice. Strikingly, depletion of total CD4+ T cells, but not CD25+ cells, resulted in tumor eradication in IL-10−/− mice. Adoptive transfer studies revealed that CD4+ T cells from IL-10−/− mice exhibited more potent suppression of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated tumor rejection than their WT counterparts, and IL-10–deficient tumor-infiltrating CD4+ T cells expressed higher levels of PD-L1 and CTLA-4 inhibitory molecules. Although IL-10–deficient CD8+ T cells are not defective in activation and initial rejection of tumors, adoptive transfer studies using IL-10–deficient P1CTL transgenic T cells that recognize the tumor rejection antigen P1A reveal that IL-10 is required for long-term persistence of CTLs and control of tumor growth. Thus, we have found that IL-10 enhances antitumor CTL responses by inhibiting highly suppressive CD4+ T cells and promoting CTL persistence. These data have important implications for the design of immunotherapy for human. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Miao J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhang K.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Qiu F.,Chinese Navy General Hospital | Li T.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | And 5 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2015

Objective. CD161 has been identified as a marker of human IL-17-producing T cells that are implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate the potential link between the percentage of CD161+ T cells and disease activity in RA patients. Methods. Peripheral blood (PB) from 54 RA patients and 21 healthy controls was evaluated. Paired synovial fluid (SF) (n = 17) was analyzed. CD161 expression levels on CD4+, CD8+, and CD4-CD8-T cells were assessed by flow cytometry. Results. The percentage of CD4+CD161+ T cells in RA SF was higher than RA PB, and it was positively correlated with DAS28, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP). CD4-CD8-CD161+ T cell percentage was decreased in RA PB and was further reduced in RA SF, and its level in SF was inversely correlated with DAS28, ESR, and CRP. However, CD8+CD161+ T cell percentage was neither changed in RA PB and SF nor correlated with disease activity indices. Conclusion. An increased CD4+CD161+ T cell percentage and a decreased CD4-CD8-CD161+ T cell percentage are present in RA SF and are associated with disease activity, and the accumulation of CD4+CD161+ T cells in SF may contribute to the local inflammation of RA. © 2015 Jinlin Miao et al.

Wang W.-F.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Li X.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Guo M.-Z.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Chen J.-D.,University of Texas Medical Branch | And 5 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

AIM: To investigate mitochondrial ATP 6 and 8 polymorphisms in the colon and ileum of patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria for IBS-D and 28 healthy subjects were investigated. All study participants underwent screening colonoscopy and mucosal biopsies were obtained from the colon and/or terminal ileum. Genomic DNA was extracted from specimens based on standard protocols. Mitochondrial ATP (MT-ATP) 6 and 8 genes in specimens were polymerase chain reaction amplified and sequenced. Sequencing data were analyzed via Variant Reporter™ Software and compared with the reference sequence from Genbank (accession No. NC_012920) to indicate possible polymorphisms. The protocol was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01028898. RESULTS: Twenty-five polymorphic sites of MT-ATP 6 and 8 genes were detected and 12 of them were missense mutations. A median of two polymorphic sites in MT-ATP genes was found in colon specimens of controls while a median of three polymorphic sites was noted in patients with IBS-D (Mann-Whitney test, P = 0.012). The variants of the colon and ileum specimens from the same subjects were identical in all but one case. Symptom duration in IBS was not found to be a significant factor associated with the mtDNA polymorphism (Spearman correlation, P = 0.592). The mitochondrial DNA change at 8860 was present in all cases of both groups. The frequency of the 8701 polymorphism was found to be the second most frequent; however, no statistical difference was noted between the groups (χ2 test, P = 0.584). CONCLUSION: Patients with IBS-D have a higher incidence of MT-ATP 6 and 8 polymorphisms than healthy subjects, implying that the mtDNA polymorphism may play a role in IBS-D. © 2013 Baishideng. All rights reserved.

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