Gao X.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention |
Nasci R.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Liang G.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2010
The major arboviral diseases in mainland China include Japanese encephalitis, dengue fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (also known as Xinjiang hemorrhagic fever), and tick-borne encephalitis. These and other newly found arbovirus infections due to Banna virus and Tahyna virus contribute to a large and relatively neglected disease burden in China. Here we briefly review the literature regarding these arboviral infections in mainland China with emphasis on their epidemiology, primary vectors, phylogenetic associations, and the prevention programs associated with these agents in China.
Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control, Prevention and Beijing University of Technology | Date: 2011-12-23
The present invention provides a combined AIDS vaccine for preventing and/or treating AIDS, which consists of four or more different vector-based AIDS vaccines, wherein HIV protein gene comprised in the different AIDS vaccines may be same. A use method of the vaccine comprises inoculation of one AIDS vaccine each time, wherein inoculation of each vaccine may be continuously performed twice, and after sequential application of the four or more vector vaccines, repeated sequential application of the vector vaccines may be performed
Yang W.Z.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] | Year: 2012
To verify that the circular forms of bocavirus genome exist in their host, bocavirus episomes were detected in fecal samples of healthy piglets using a semi-nested PCR method. Two species of porcine bocaviruses (PBoVG2-episome and PBoVG3-episome) were identified for the first time. The relevant terminal sequences of the noncoding region (405 and 511 nt, respectively) were also obtained. Sequence analyses and secondary structure prediction indicated that the PBoVG2-episome was more similar to that of human bocavirus 3 (HBoV3) but the PBoVG3-episome was quite different from that of other members of the genus Bocavirus. Discovery of episomal forms of porcine bocaviruses (PBoV) suggested that PBoV, like HBoV, used a different replication mechanism from other parvoviruses. The sequencing of episome Inverted Terminal Repeats (ITRs) also contributes to a possible alternative strategy for constructing infectious molecular clones of bocavirus in a future study.
Li D.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Emerging Microbes and Infections | Year: 2013
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease that was discovered in China in 2010. The causative agent has been identified as a new member of the Phlebovirus genus in the family Bunyaviridae and has been designated severe fever with thrombocytopenia virus (SFTSV). SFTSV infection can be transmitted person-to-person, and the average case fatality rate is approximately 10% in humans. There is a high seroprevalence of SFTSV infection in a wide range of domesticated animals, including sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, dogs and chickens. Ticks are suspected to be the vector that transmits the virus to humans. Currently, the SFTS endemic area is expanding. Therefore, SFTSV infection is an increasingly important public health threat. © 2013 SSCC. All rights reserved.
Feng Y.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Japanese journal of infectious diseases | Year: 2012
A total of 54,673 mosquitoes were collected at 11 sites located near the China-Myanmar border in the western part of Yunnan Province during July and August 2007. There were 29 species in 4 genera identified from the collections, including 12 species of Culex, 12 species of Anopheles, 3 species of Aedes, and 2 species of Armigeres. Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (67.9%, 37,119/54,673) and Anopheles sinensis Wiedemann (25.9%, 14,170/54,673) were the most abundant species in this investigation. Virus was isolated using BHK-21 and C6/36 cells from 22 of 510 mosquito pools. Isolates included Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) and Getah virus (GETV), which were identified by serological and molecular methods. Twenty JEV strains were isolated from Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (15 isolates), An. sinensis (3 isolates), and Armigeres subalbatus Coquillett (2 isolates), and 2 GETV strains were isolated from Culex pseudovishnui Colless and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. This study suggests that Ar. subalbatus is a potentially important local vector because of the high JEV infection ratio found in this species. Enzootic JEV transmission persists in this area and therefore, surveillance for human disease caused by JEV and GETV should be conducted in the region.
Lu J.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] | Year: 2011
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus (SFTSV) is a novel phlebovirus, causing a life-threatening illness associated with the symptoms of severe fever and thrombocytopenia syndrome. The sequence and structure of the genome have already been illustrated in previous study. However, the characteristics and function of the structure and non-structure proteins is still unclear. In this study, we identified the density of the purified SFTSV virions as 1.135 g/mL in sucrose solution. Using RT-PCR method, we amplified the full coding sequence of RNA dependent RNA polymerase(RdRp), glycoprotein precursor (M), glycoprotein n (Gn), glycoprotein c (Gc), nuclear protein (NP) and non structural protein (NSs) of SFTSV (strain HB29). Respectively inserted the target genes into eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA5/FRT or VR1012, the target protein in 293T cell were successfully expressed. By analyzing the SFTSV virions in SDS-PAGE and using recombinant viral proteins with SFTS patients sera in Western blotting and Immunofluorescent assay, the molecule weight of structure and non-structure proteins of SFTSV were defined. The study provides the first step to understand the molecular characteristics of SFTSV.
Li D.X.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2015
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a newly discovered emerging infectious disease that has recently become epidemic in Asia. The causative agent of SFTS is a novel phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae, designated SFTS virus (SFTSV). SFTS clinically presents with high fever, thrombocytopenia, leukocytopenia, gastrointestinal disorders, and multi-organ dysfunction, with a high viral load and a high case-fatality rate. In human infection, SFTSV targets microphages, replicates in the spleen of infected mice, and causes thrombocytopenia and a cytokine storm. The tick disseminates virus to humans and animals, forming a special transmission model in nature. Person-to-person transmission though direct contact with patient blood has been frequently reported. Measurements of viral RNA and antibodies have been established for diagnosis, but vaccines and specific therapeutics are not available so far. © 2015 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Wang D.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Euro surveillance : bulletin Européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin | Year: 2014
A novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus causing human infection emerged in February 2013 in China. To elucidate the mechanism of interspecies transmission, we compared the signature amino acids of avian influenza A(H7N9) viruses from human and non-human hosts and analysed the reassortants of 146 influenza A(H7N9) viruses with full genome sequences. We propose a genetic tuning procedure with continuous amino acid substitutions and reassorting that mediates host adaptation and interspecies transmission. When the early influenza A(H7N9) virus, containing ancestor haemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes similar to A/Shanghai/05 virus, circulated in waterfowl and transmitted to terrestrial poultry, it acquired an NA stalk deletion at amino acid positions 69 to 73. Then, receptor binding preference was tuned to increase the affinity to human-like receptors through HA G186V and Q226L mutations in terrestrial poultry. Additional mammalian adaptations such as PB2 E627K were selected in humans. The continual reassortation between H7N9 and H9N2 viruses resulted in multiple genotypes for further host adaptation. When we analysed a potential association of mutations and reassortants with clinical outcome, only the PB2 E627K mutation slightly increased the case fatality rate. Genetic tuning may create opportunities for further adaptation of influenza A(H7N9) and its potential to cause a pandemic.
Zhu W.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention |
Shu Y.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Microbes and Infection | Year: 2015
Since their emergence in eastern China, novel influenza A (H7N9) viruses have been continuously circulating in poultry and causing human infections and death. We have proposed a "genetic tuning" mechanism for the genesis and evolution of the novel H7N9 virus during interspecies transmission. © 2014 Institut Pasteur.
Huanyu W.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention
Virology journal | Year: 2012
Culexflavivirus (CxFV) is an insect specific virus that has been isolated from Culexpipiens, Culexquinquefasciatus, Culextritaeniorhynchus and other Culex mosquitoes. It is a novel flavivirus isolated in Asia, North America, Central America and Africa. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that, based on the envelope gene (E gene) sequence, the worldwide CxFV strains can be divided into two genotypes. A virus (SDDM06-11) was isolated from Culexpipiens collected in Shandong Province, China in 2006. The strain caused cytopathic effect (CPE) in Aedesalbopictus (C6/36) cells by 3 days post-infection and immunofluorescence assay (IFA) showed a reaction with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) polyclonal antibodies. Phylogenetic analysis of the E gene sequence showed CxFV formed two genotypes with the SDDM06-11 strain assigned to genotype 1. Analysis of the E gene nucleotide homology showed the virus possessed characteristic amino acids at specific sites. The nucleotide homology of the open reading frame (ORF) was 94.8%-95.1% between SDDM06-11 and isolates from Japan, Iowa and Texas, and 90.2%-90.5% between SDDM06-11 and isolates from Uganda and Mexico. In this paper we report the first isolation and identification of an isolate of CxFV in mainland China. Phylogenetic analysis indicates the isolate belongs to genotype 1. Our findings provide insight into the occurrence of CxFV in Culex mosquito populations and its distribution on a global scale.