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Yin Q.,Chinese General Hospital of The Air Force | Pei Z.,Beijing Military General Hospital | Wang H.,Chinese General Hospital of The Air Force | Zhao Y.,Chinese PLA General Hospital
International Journal of Nanomedicine | Year: 2014

Treatment of myocardial infarction (MI) with adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) has produced promising results. Cyclosporine A (CsA) inhibits apoptosis by preventing the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pores. A CsA nanoparticle emulsion (CsA-NP) has lower toxicity and higher efficiency as compared to CsA. In this study, we hypothesized that a combination of ASCs and CsA-NP would enhance the therapeutic efficiency in a swine MI model. MI was induced in pig hearts by occlusion of the left anterior descending artery. The animals that survived MI were divided into four groups and 1 week later received intracoronary ASCs (ASCs, n=6), intracoronary culture media in combination with CsA-NP (CsA-NP, n=6), intracoronary ASCs in combination with CsA-NP (ASCs + CsA-NP, n=6), or remained untreated (control, n=4). Animals were sacrificed 8 weeks later and were evaluated for cardiac function by delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and immunohistopathology. We observed that the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was significantly increased in the ASCs + CsA-NP group, compared to the CsA-NP group (53.6%±2.4% versus 48.6%±1.5%, P<0.05), and the ASCs group (53.6%±2.4% versus 48.3%±1.8%, P<0.05). More importantly, the infarct size was significantly smaller in the ASCs + CsA-NP group as compared to the CsA-NP group (6.2±1.7 cm3 versus 9.1±3.4 cm3, P<0.05) and the ASCs group (6.2±1.7 cm3 versus 7.5±0.6 cm3, P<0.05). These findings were further confirmed by analysis of the expression of cardiomyocyte markers, myosin heavy chain (α-actinin) and troponin T. In addition, the CsA-NP + ASCs treatment promoted neovascularization (P<0.05) and inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis (P<0.01) compared to the control group. This study demonstrates that CsA-NP enhanced the therapeutic benefits of ASCs transplantation for MI. © 2014 Yin et al. Source


Wu Y.-C.,Chinese General Hospital of The Air Force | Wu Y.-C.,Anhui Medical University | Zheng D.,Anhui Medical University | Sun J.-J.,Chinese General Hospital of The Air Force | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Objective: A meta-analysis was carried out to summarize published data on the relationship between breast cancer and dietary factors. Methods: Databases in Chinese (China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], China Biology Medicine [CBM], WanFang, VIP) and in English (PubMed and Web of Science) were searched for articles analyzing vegetable, fruit, soy food and fat consumption and breast cancer risk published through June 30, 2013. Random effects models were used to estimate summary odds ratios (OR) based on high versus low intake, and subgroup analysis was conducted according to region, study design, paper quality and adjustment for confounding factors to detect the potential source of heterogeneity. Every study was screened according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, evaluated in accordance with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. RevMan 5.2 software was used for analysis. Results: Of 785 studies retrieved, 22 met inclusion criteria (13 in Chinese and 9 in English), representing 23,201 patients: 10,566 in the experimental group and 12,635 in the control group. Thirteen included studies showed vegetables consumption to be a relevant factor in breast cancer risk, OR = 0.77 (95% CI [confidence interval] 0.62-0.96). Eleven studies showed fruits consumption to be relevant, OR = 0.68 (95% CI 0.49-0.93). Significant differences were also found between those who consumed soy foods, OR = 0.68 (95% CI 0.50-0.93) and those who ate a high-fat diet, OR = 1.15 (95% CI 1.01-1.30). Conclusion: This analysis confirms the association between intake of vegetables, fruits, soy foods and fat and the risk of breast cancer from published sources. It’s suggested that high consumption of vegetables, fruits and soy foods may reduce the risk of breast cancer, while increasing fat consumption may increase the risk. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Source

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