Hefei, China

The University of Science and Technology of China is a national research university in Hefei, Anhui, China, under the direct leadership of the Chinese Academy of science . It is a member of the C9 League formed by nine top universities in China. Founded in Beijing by the CAS in September 1958, it was moved to Hefei in the beginning of 1970 during the Cultural Revolution.The inception and mission of USTC was in response to the urgent need for the national economy, defense construction, and education in science and technology. It has been featured by its competence on scientific and technological research and expanded into humanities and management with a strong scientific and engineering emphasis. USTC has 12 schools, 27 departments, the Special Class for the Gifted Young, the Experimental Class for the Teaching Reform, the Graduate Schools , the Software School, School of Network Education, and School of Continuing Education. In 2012 Institute of Advanced Technology of University of Science and Technology of China was founded. Wikipedia.


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Patent
University of Science and Technology of China | Date: 2016-11-07

A method for removing dust from flue gas using an emulsion liquid membrane, including: a) dissolving a surfactant into a membrane solvent to yield a membrane-forming liquid; stirring and injecting an internal phase liquid into the membrane-forming liquid to yield an emulsion; b) stirring and adding the emulsion to an external phase liquid to disperse the emulsion into the external phase liquid to yield an emulsion liquid membrane; c) allowing the emulsion liquid membrane to contact with a flue gas for removing dust; d) separating a dust-loaded emulsion, and demulsifying the dust-loaded emulsion under an electrostatic field to release the dust from the membrane-forming liquid; recycling the membrane-forming liquid to a); and e) allowing the dust released from the demulsification to precipitate in the form of a slurry and discharging the slurry.


Patent
University of Science and Technology of China | Date: 2014-05-22

The invention provides a positive/negative phase shift bimetallic zone plate and production method thereof, wherein the positive/negative phase shift bimetallic zone plate comprises: a first metallic material having a positive phase shift; a second metallic material having a negative phase shift at a working energy point; wherein the first metallic material and the second metallic material are alternately arranged, so that the second metallic material replaces the blank portion in a cycle of a traditional zone plate.


Patent
Huawei, University of Science and Technology of China | Date: 2016-11-23

A binding registration method, a data forwarding method, a related device, and a network system are disclosed. An SDN controller includes: a first receiving unit, configured to receive a first bearer message that is forwarded by a first MAG in multiple MAGs and that carries a first L2 attach request message; a first sending unit, configured to send, to each of the first MAG and an LMA, a message for establishing a tunnel between the first MAG and the LMA; a second sending unit, configured to send, to each of the first MAG and the LMA, a message for adjusting a flow entry of an MN; a configuration and encapsulation unit, configured to: configure an HNP(s) for the MN, and encapsulate the HNP(s) into an RA message; and a third sending unit, configured to send the RA message to the first MAG.


News Article | May 26, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

Dublin, May 26, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Smart Windows Materials Markets: 2017 - 2026" report to their offering. This report identifies the opportunities for materials sold into smart windows markets. The firm most recently issued study of the smart windows market was issued in November of 2016. This new materials focused study: - Provides ten-year forecasts of smart windows materials breakouts by type of material (electrochromic, photochromic, thermochromic, SPD, PDLC and emerging technologies) in both volume (square meters) and value ($ millions) terms and by end user markets ( construction, automotive, public transportation and aerospace). - Identifies the materials strategies of the leading smart windows suppliers and the materials-related R&D that they are undertaking to improve their products. - Predicts the commercial implications of the research on self-dimming materials being carried out around the world as technologists identify materials and techniques for smart window platforms that will lead to decreased cost, increased durability, and enhanced features for smart windows. - Discusses how materials strategies can help reduce the cost of smart windows, which has long been considered the key impediment to further market penetration. - Analyzes the role for polymer-based substrates in the smart windows sector and as a key enablers for retrofitted smart windows. This report will be a must-read for marketing, business development, and product management executives in the following sectors: - Smart windows manufacturers - Conventional windows suppliers - Flat glass products - Specialty chemicals, polymer and smart material firms - Construction and architectural firms - Energy management companies Key Topics Covered: Executive Summary E.1 Raising the IQ of Windows E1.1 Favorable investment climate for Smart Windows E.1.2 Price and Energy Saving: The Impact of Nanomaterials E.2 Important Developments and Opportunities In Standard Materials Platforms for Smart Windows E.2.1 Electrochromic Materials E.2.1.1 The Rise of Polymer-based EC Windows E.2.1.2 Changing EC Windows Designs E.2.2 Photochromic Materials E.2.3 Thermochromic Materials E.2.4 SPD Materials E.2.5 PDLC Materials E.3 Six Companies to Watch and One Technology E.4 Summary of Ten-Year Forecasts Chapter One: Introduction 1.1 Report Structure and Topics Covered 1.2 Background on Smart Windows 1.2.1 Move Towards Wide-spread Adoption 1.2.2 Controlling the Tinting Function 1.2.3 Price War 1.2.4 New Material Development - Continued 1.2.5 Tackling the Technical Challenges and Economic Rationale to Buy - EC Windows 1.3 Objective and Scope of This Report 1.4 Methodology 1.4.1 Data Collection 1.4.2 Forecasting Methodology Chapter Two: EC Smart Windows 2.1 Current State of EC Smart Windows 2.1.1 EC Technology - How It Works and Compares to Some Alternate Smart Glass Technologies 2.1.2 Environmental, Cost Savings, and Infrastructure Reduction Benefits 2.1.3 EC Design Development through the Years 2.1.4 What is Changing for EC Windows? 2.2 EC Materials 2.2.1 Opportunities in the EC Materials Market 2.2.2 EC Thin Film 2.2.2.1 EC Thin Films Using Thermochromic Material 2.2.3 Transparent Electrical Conductors - the Search Continues 2.2.3.1 Alternatives to ITO 2.2.4 Electrolytes 2.2.5 Technological developments 2.2.6 Developments in glass-based EC smart windows 2.2.7 Towards EC Plastic Smart Windows 2.2.8 Advances in controls of EC windows 2.2.8.1Wired EC windows 2.2.8.2 Wireless Option for EC Window 2.2.9 NanoECs for Smart Windows - Growing In Importance 2.2.9.1 EC Windows Using Silver Nanowires 2.3 Retrofitted EC Windows - A Game Changer? 2.3.1 ChromoGenics 2.3.2 e-Chromic Technologies 2.3.3 University of Florida 2.4 Need for Developing Better Switching Times for EC Windows 2.4.1 Losing the Switching Time Advantage to Other Dynamic Window Technologies 2.5 50% Percent Drop in EC Window Prices - at the Cost of Low/No Margins 2.5.1 Payback Benefit - Companies Not Utilizing This Enough 2.6 Consistency of Color and Power Required 2.7 Manufacturing Methods to Reduce Cost 2.7.1 Fraunhofer Develops a New Design - Two Pane Window 2.7.2 LBNL 2.7.3 EELICON 2.7.4 Clear Metals 2.7.5 Nanyang Technological University, 2.8 Notable Company Activities 2.8.1 View 2.8.2 Kinestral Technologies 2.8.3 Gentex 2.8.4 SageGlass 2.8.5 Argil - A Two-Way Business Model 2.8.6 What Happened to Samsung's Transparent EC Smart Window? 2.8.7 ChromoGenics 2.9 Ten-Year Forecast For EC Material Market 2.10 Key Points Discussed in this Chapter Chapter Three: Photochromic Materials and Hybrid Photochromic/Electrochromic Smart Windows 3.1 Photochromic - Not Commercialized for Smart Windows 3.1.1 Commercialization of Photochromic and Hybrid PEC Windows 3.2 Photochromic Materials Development 3.2.1 Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro 3.2.2 Shimane University and Nagoya Institute of Technology 3.2.3 Yamaguchi University 3.2.4 TU Delft 3.3 Hybrid PEC Material Market for Windows 3.3.1 SWITCH Materials 3.3.2 Winsmart 3.3.3 University of Science and Technology of China 3.3.4 Nanjing Normal University and University of Science and Technology of China 3.3.5 Importance of Materials In Development of PEC Windows 3.3.6 Opportunity for Start-ups in this Segment 3.4 Low-grade Photochromic Smart Window Films 3.5 Ten-Year Forecast of Photochromic Materials in Smart Windows 3.6 Key points Discussed In This Chapter Chapter Four: Thermochromic Materials for Smart Windows 4.1 Thermochromic windows 4.1.1 The Market 4.1.2 TC window market landscape 4.1.3 Residential markets - advantage TC 4.1.4 Areas of development 4.2 Material and design development for TC windows 4.2.1 Vanadium oxide 4.2.2 RavenWindow - material and design 4.2.3 Pleotint - Suntuitive Glass 4.2.3.1 Global Coverage, Thanks to a Simple Business Model 4.2.3.2 A Word about Pleotint's Financial Stability 4.2.4 NREL - combining photochromic windows with photovoltaic (PV cells) 4.2.5 Noteworthy concept - energy saving window by UCL 4.3 Switching times of TC windows - Level Playing Field 4.4 Skylights 4.5 Cost - no longer a competitive advantage 4.6 Ten-year Forecast for TC Material for Windows 4.7 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Chapter Five: Suspended Particle Device Technology 5.1 The Technology 5.2 Research Frontiers - SPD's patent holder 5.2.1 RFI's revenue stream - a cause for concern 5.3 RFI's potential expansion into other markets 5.3.1 Aircraft Inspectech Aero Service, Inc. Vision Systems 5.3.2 Automotive Market 5.3.3 Architectural Market 5.3.4 Marine 5.3.5 Trains - a Future Market? 5.4 Notable Manufacturers/Licensees 5.5 Future of SPD Windows 5.6 Eight-Year Forecasts of SPD Materials in Smart Windows Chapter Six: PDLC Privacy Glass 6.1 PDLC 6.1.1 Types of PDLC Switchable Glass and materials used 6.1.2 Privacy, comfort, energy use reduction with PDLC technology 6.1.3 - Unique selling point - projection glass 6.1.4 New materials being considered for PDLC films 6.1.5 Solar-powered PDLC Switchable Glass 6.1.6 Translucent White - a Limiting Factor 6.2 Notable PLDC Switchable Glass Companies 6.2.1 Scienstry 6.2.2 Merck 6.2.3 SmartGlass International, Smart Films International, Invisishade, Smart Tint and BenQ (Taiwan) 6.3 PDLC in the Automobile Industry 6.4 Ten-year Forecasts of PDLC Materials in Smart Windows 6.5 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Chapter Seven: Emerging Materials Platforms for Smart Windows 7.1 Emerging Smart Windows Technologies 7.2 Electrokinetic - 3D Nanocolor 7.2.1 Marathon Patent Group 7.3 Externally Modulated Display (EMD) 7.4 TouchChromic Thin Film 7.5 Hydrogels 7.5.1 Thermally Responsive Composite Hydrogels 7.5.2 Thermochromic/Thermotropic Hydrogels 7.6 Revenue Forecast of New Window Material 7.7 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Companies Mentioned - BenQ (Taiwan) - Inspectech Aero Service, Inc. - Invisishade - Merck - Scienstry - Smart Films International - Smart Tint - SmartGlass International - Vision Systems For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/mp4c3l/smart_windows


News Article | May 26, 2017
Site: globenewswire.com

Dublin, May 26, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Smart Windows Materials Markets: 2017 - 2026" report to their offering. This report identifies the opportunities for materials sold into smart windows markets. The firm most recently issued study of the smart windows market was issued in November of 2016. This new materials focused study: - Provides ten-year forecasts of smart windows materials breakouts by type of material (electrochromic, photochromic, thermochromic, SPD, PDLC and emerging technologies) in both volume (square meters) and value ($ millions) terms and by end user markets ( construction, automotive, public transportation and aerospace). - Identifies the materials strategies of the leading smart windows suppliers and the materials-related R&D that they are undertaking to improve their products. - Predicts the commercial implications of the research on self-dimming materials being carried out around the world as technologists identify materials and techniques for smart window platforms that will lead to decreased cost, increased durability, and enhanced features for smart windows. - Discusses how materials strategies can help reduce the cost of smart windows, which has long been considered the key impediment to further market penetration. - Analyzes the role for polymer-based substrates in the smart windows sector and as a key enablers for retrofitted smart windows. This report will be a must-read for marketing, business development, and product management executives in the following sectors: - Smart windows manufacturers - Conventional windows suppliers - Flat glass products - Specialty chemicals, polymer and smart material firms - Construction and architectural firms - Energy management companies Key Topics Covered: Executive Summary E.1 Raising the IQ of Windows E1.1 Favorable investment climate for Smart Windows E.1.2 Price and Energy Saving: The Impact of Nanomaterials E.2 Important Developments and Opportunities In Standard Materials Platforms for Smart Windows E.2.1 Electrochromic Materials E.2.1.1 The Rise of Polymer-based EC Windows E.2.1.2 Changing EC Windows Designs E.2.2 Photochromic Materials E.2.3 Thermochromic Materials E.2.4 SPD Materials E.2.5 PDLC Materials E.3 Six Companies to Watch and One Technology E.4 Summary of Ten-Year Forecasts Chapter One: Introduction 1.1 Report Structure and Topics Covered 1.2 Background on Smart Windows 1.2.1 Move Towards Wide-spread Adoption 1.2.2 Controlling the Tinting Function 1.2.3 Price War 1.2.4 New Material Development - Continued 1.2.5 Tackling the Technical Challenges and Economic Rationale to Buy - EC Windows 1.3 Objective and Scope of This Report 1.4 Methodology 1.4.1 Data Collection 1.4.2 Forecasting Methodology Chapter Two: EC Smart Windows 2.1 Current State of EC Smart Windows 2.1.1 EC Technology - How It Works and Compares to Some Alternate Smart Glass Technologies 2.1.2 Environmental, Cost Savings, and Infrastructure Reduction Benefits 2.1.3 EC Design Development through the Years 2.1.4 What is Changing for EC Windows? 2.2 EC Materials 2.2.1 Opportunities in the EC Materials Market 2.2.2 EC Thin Film 2.2.2.1 EC Thin Films Using Thermochromic Material 2.2.3 Transparent Electrical Conductors - the Search Continues 2.2.3.1 Alternatives to ITO 2.2.4 Electrolytes 2.2.5 Technological developments 2.2.6 Developments in glass-based EC smart windows 2.2.7 Towards EC Plastic Smart Windows 2.2.8 Advances in controls of EC windows 2.2.8.1Wired EC windows 2.2.8.2 Wireless Option for EC Window 2.2.9 NanoECs for Smart Windows - Growing In Importance 2.2.9.1 EC Windows Using Silver Nanowires 2.3 Retrofitted EC Windows - A Game Changer? 2.3.1 ChromoGenics 2.3.2 e-Chromic Technologies 2.3.3 University of Florida 2.4 Need for Developing Better Switching Times for EC Windows 2.4.1 Losing the Switching Time Advantage to Other Dynamic Window Technologies 2.5 50% Percent Drop in EC Window Prices - at the Cost of Low/No Margins 2.5.1 Payback Benefit - Companies Not Utilizing This Enough 2.6 Consistency of Color and Power Required 2.7 Manufacturing Methods to Reduce Cost 2.7.1 Fraunhofer Develops a New Design - Two Pane Window 2.7.2 LBNL 2.7.3 EELICON 2.7.4 Clear Metals 2.7.5 Nanyang Technological University, 2.8 Notable Company Activities 2.8.1 View 2.8.2 Kinestral Technologies 2.8.3 Gentex 2.8.4 SageGlass 2.8.5 Argil - A Two-Way Business Model 2.8.6 What Happened to Samsung's Transparent EC Smart Window? 2.8.7 ChromoGenics 2.9 Ten-Year Forecast For EC Material Market 2.10 Key Points Discussed in this Chapter Chapter Three: Photochromic Materials and Hybrid Photochromic/Electrochromic Smart Windows 3.1 Photochromic - Not Commercialized for Smart Windows 3.1.1 Commercialization of Photochromic and Hybrid PEC Windows 3.2 Photochromic Materials Development 3.2.1 Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro 3.2.2 Shimane University and Nagoya Institute of Technology 3.2.3 Yamaguchi University 3.2.4 TU Delft 3.3 Hybrid PEC Material Market for Windows 3.3.1 SWITCH Materials 3.3.2 Winsmart 3.3.3 University of Science and Technology of China 3.3.4 Nanjing Normal University and University of Science and Technology of China 3.3.5 Importance of Materials In Development of PEC Windows 3.3.6 Opportunity for Start-ups in this Segment 3.4 Low-grade Photochromic Smart Window Films 3.5 Ten-Year Forecast of Photochromic Materials in Smart Windows 3.6 Key points Discussed In This Chapter Chapter Four: Thermochromic Materials for Smart Windows 4.1 Thermochromic windows 4.1.1 The Market 4.1.2 TC window market landscape 4.1.3 Residential markets - advantage TC 4.1.4 Areas of development 4.2 Material and design development for TC windows 4.2.1 Vanadium oxide 4.2.2 RavenWindow - material and design 4.2.3 Pleotint - Suntuitive Glass 4.2.3.1 Global Coverage, Thanks to a Simple Business Model 4.2.3.2 A Word about Pleotint's Financial Stability 4.2.4 NREL - combining photochromic windows with photovoltaic (PV cells) 4.2.5 Noteworthy concept - energy saving window by UCL 4.3 Switching times of TC windows - Level Playing Field 4.4 Skylights 4.5 Cost - no longer a competitive advantage 4.6 Ten-year Forecast for TC Material for Windows 4.7 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Chapter Five: Suspended Particle Device Technology 5.1 The Technology 5.2 Research Frontiers - SPD's patent holder 5.2.1 RFI's revenue stream - a cause for concern 5.3 RFI's potential expansion into other markets 5.3.1 Aircraft Inspectech Aero Service, Inc. Vision Systems 5.3.2 Automotive Market 5.3.3 Architectural Market 5.3.4 Marine 5.3.5 Trains - a Future Market? 5.4 Notable Manufacturers/Licensees 5.5 Future of SPD Windows 5.6 Eight-Year Forecasts of SPD Materials in Smart Windows Chapter Six: PDLC Privacy Glass 6.1 PDLC 6.1.1 Types of PDLC Switchable Glass and materials used 6.1.2 Privacy, comfort, energy use reduction with PDLC technology 6.1.3 - Unique selling point - projection glass 6.1.4 New materials being considered for PDLC films 6.1.5 Solar-powered PDLC Switchable Glass 6.1.6 Translucent White - a Limiting Factor 6.2 Notable PLDC Switchable Glass Companies 6.2.1 Scienstry 6.2.2 Merck 6.2.3 SmartGlass International, Smart Films International, Invisishade, Smart Tint and BenQ (Taiwan) 6.3 PDLC in the Automobile Industry 6.4 Ten-year Forecasts of PDLC Materials in Smart Windows 6.5 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Chapter Seven: Emerging Materials Platforms for Smart Windows 7.1 Emerging Smart Windows Technologies 7.2 Electrokinetic - 3D Nanocolor 7.2.1 Marathon Patent Group 7.3 Externally Modulated Display (EMD) 7.4 TouchChromic Thin Film 7.5 Hydrogels 7.5.1 Thermally Responsive Composite Hydrogels 7.5.2 Thermochromic/Thermotropic Hydrogels 7.6 Revenue Forecast of New Window Material 7.7 Key Takeaways from this Chapter Companies Mentioned - BenQ (Taiwan) - Inspectech Aero Service, Inc. - Invisishade - Merck - Scienstry - Smart Films International - Smart Tint - SmartGlass International - Vision Systems For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/mp4c3l/smart_windows


CrowdReviews Partnered with Madridge Publishers to Announce: International Conference on Materials Science and Research ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research. They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes. ICMSR-2017 Themes: Materials Science and Engineering Advanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.) Materials Chemistry and Physics Discovery and design of new materials Synthesis & Architecture of Materials Computational Materials Science Nano and Biomaterials Nanotechnology in Materials Science Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Science Materials for Energy and Environment Ceramics, Polymers and Composite Materials Materials in Industry To submit your abstracts please see: http://icmsr.madridge.com/abstract-submission.php ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee: · Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK · Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK · Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE · Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA · Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt · Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE · Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt · Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt · Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE · Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China · Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt · Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt · Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA · Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE · Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA · Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, Egypt ICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event. Contact person: Nirosha A icmsr@madridge.com icmsr@madridge.net Naples, FL, April 18, 2017 --( PR.com )-- The International Conference on Materials Science and Research is going to be held during November 16-18, 2017 in Dubai, UAE.ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research.They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes.ICMSR-2017 Themes:Materials Science and EngineeringAdvanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.)Materials Chemistry and PhysicsDiscovery and design of new materialsSynthesis & Architecture of MaterialsComputational Materials ScienceNano and BiomaterialsNanotechnology in Materials ScienceMining, Metallurgy and Materials ScienceMaterials for Energy and EnvironmentCeramics, Polymers and Composite MaterialsMaterials in IndustryTo submit your abstracts please see:ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee:· Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK· Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK· Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE· Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA· Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt· Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE· Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt· Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt· Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE· Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China· Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt· Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt· Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA· Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE· Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA· Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, EgyptICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event.Contact person:Nirosha A


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-RIA | Phase: FCH-04.3-2014 | Award Amount: 1.51M | Year: 2015

The aim of the HySEA project is to conduct pre-normative research on vented deflagrations in enclosures and containers for hydrogen energy applications. The ambition is to facilitate the safe and successful introduction of hydrogen energy systems by introducing harmonized standard vent sizing requirements. The partners in the HySEA consortium have extensive experience from experimental and numerical investigations of hydrogen explosions. The experimental program features full-scale vented deflagration experiments in standard ISO containers, and includes the effect of obstacles simulating levels of congestion representative of industrial systems. The project also entails the development of a hierarchy of predictive models, ranging from empirical engineering models to sophisticated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and finite element (FE) tools. The specific objectives of HySEA are: - To generate experimental data of high quality for vented deflagrations in real-life enclosures and containers with congestion levels representative of industrial practice; - To characterize different strategies for explosion venting, including hinged doors, natural vent openings, and commercial vent panels; - To invite the larger scientific and industrial safety community to submit blind-predictions for the reduced explosion pressure in selected well-defined explosion scenarios; - To develop, verify and validate engineering models and CFD-based tools for reliable predictions of pressure loads in vented explosions; - To develop and validate predictive tools for overpressure (P) and impulse (I), and produce P-I diagrams for typical structures with relevance for hydrogen energy applications; - To use validated CFD codes to explore explosion hazards and mitigating measures in larger enclosures, such as warehouses; and - To formulate recommendations for improvements to European (EN-14994), American (NFPA 68), and other relevant standards for vented explosions.

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