China University of Political Science and Law

web.cupl.edu.cn/en/
Beijing, China

China University of Political Science and Law is a university in Beijing, People's Republic of China. Its law school is considered one of the best in China. In 2009 and 2012, the two most recent report year, The Ministry of Education rated CUPL as having the second best graduate education among the law schools in China. CUPL has two campuses, one in Haidian, which is the original campus of the university, and the other located in Changping, Beijing. The university's Haidian campus now hosts postgraduate students only, while undergraduates study at a much larger campus in Changping District, in the outer suburbs of Beijing. It is the largest institute in the world for legal education.At present, CUPL comprises 12 schools, with 21,325 students and more than 1,400 faculty members, of whom 342 are professors and associate professors. CUPL maintains a broad international exchange program, with approximately 600 foreign students from 14 countries. Wikipedia.


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Caixia Z.,China University of Political Science and Law
CIE 2016: 46th International Conferences on Computers and Industrial Engineering | Year: 2016

In this paper, we firstly set forth the concept of private money supply and make an estimation for it in China between 1985 and 2014 on the basis of the unobserved financial calculation method put forward by Li Jianjun. And then, based on Vector Auto-Regression Model(SVAR), we conduct the empirical analysis on the influence of private money supply on monetary policy by using the annual data between 1985 and 2014. Theoretical and empirical analysis shows that the development of the private money supply affects the monetary policy transmission mechanism such as the conduction effect of credit and interest rate, which will make it more difficult for the central bank to make monetary policy than before. Also, the development of private money supply could result in the expansion of economy and arise a higher financial risk due to pro-cyclicality effects. Therefore, government should implement a prudent monetary policy and pay more attention to its implied risk.


Li C.,China University of Political Science and Law
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2017

We present an analysis of critical dates of three historical Chinese stock market bubbles (July 2006–Oct. 2007, Dec. 2007–Oct. 2008, Oct. 2014–June 2015) based on the Shanghai Shenzhen CSI 300 index (CSI300). This supports that the log-periodic power law singularity (LPPLS) model can describe well the behavior of super-exponential (power law with finite-time singularity) increase or decrease of the CSI300 index, suggesting that the LPPLS is available to predict the critical date. We also attempt to analyze the fitting parameter α of the LPPLS and the forecast gap which is between the last observed date and the expected critical date, proposing that the forecast gap is an alternative way for advanced warning of the market conversion. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: news.yahoo.com

In this Wednesday, May 3, 2017 photo released by Xinhua News Agency, Chinese President Xi Jinping, center, waves to teachers and students as he visits the China University of Political Science and Law in Beijing. Xi has discussed North Korea during a phone call with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, who referred to Beijing's important role in promoting peace on the Korean Peninsula. (Ding Lin/Xinhua via AP) MANILA, Philippines (AP) — Chinese President Xi Jinping discussed North Korea during a phone call with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, who referred to Beijing's important role in promoting peace on the Korean Peninsula. China's state-run Xinhua News Agency quoted Xi as urging all parties to exercise restraint and return to dialogue and negotiations in realizing a denuclearized peninsula. In Manila, presidential spokesman Ernesto Abella told reporters that Duterte referred to China's important role in promoting peace on the Korean Peninsula during Wednesday's call in a bid to encourage Beijing to broker peace in the region. The U.S. has been pressuring China to do more to stop Pyongyang from further missile and nuclear tests. Despite having competing territorial claims in the South China Sea, Duterte has said he prefers to forge closer ties with Beijing. Xinhua quoted Xi as saying the Philippines and China are deepening political mutual trust, carrying out cooperation in various fields, and have set up a channel of dialogue and consultation on the South China Sea. Xi's call came after President Donald Trump called Duterte on Saturday at the close of a summit of Southeast Asian leaders hosted by Duterte, and expressed Washington's commitment to their treaty alliance.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2012.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 8.27M | Year: 2013

FRAME, a 4-year multidisciplinary project, represents a consortium of 19 internationally recognized and globally networked human rights institutes from across Europe and strategic regions around the world. Through FRAME, more than 100 leading researchers and practitioners - with a strong gender balance - aim to provide the necessary building blocks for a coherent EU human rights policy comprised of: (i) a sound knowledge base taking account of the factors, concepts, institutions and instruments underlying human rights protection; (ii) appraisal of the EUs full potential to contribute to global human rights governance through its relationship with multiple actors and its manifold policies; and (iii) a set of indicators, tools and policy proposals geared to strengthen human rights implementation in EU policy-making. Through 4 research clusters, FRAME offers creative solutions to enhance the coherence and effectiveness of EU human rights policy. Cluster 1: Factors examines the key factors facilitating or hindering human rights protection, the concepts of human rights, democracy and the rule of law and the human rights protection institutions and instruments at global, regional and national level. Cluster 2: Actors addresses the EUs human rights engagement with the UN, regional multilateral organizations, regional and strategic partnerships with third countries and non-state actors, as well as the relationship between EU institutions and the Member States. Cluster 3: Policies hones the fostering of human rights in EU policies on development and trade, human rights violations in conflicts, freedom, security and justice and external human rights and democratization action. Cluster 4: Tools develops indicators, tools and policy proposals, including policy benchmarking, to monitor and improve the effectiveness of EU human rights policy. FRAMEs vital impact on human rights research, education and policy innovation will continue beyond the projects lifetime.


News Article | March 2, 2017
Site: www.chromatographytechniques.com

Lawyer Cheng Hai has an itemized list of compensation demands from Beijing authorities over the city's smog: 65 yuan ($9) for having to buy face masks, 100 yuan ($15) for seeing a doctor for a sore throat and 9,999 yuan ($1,500) for emotional distress. Fed up with what they consider halfhearted efforts to fight air pollution, Cheng and like-minded lawyers are putting China's legal system to the test by suing the governments of the capital and its surrounding regions. "Some people might think that air pollution is inevitable with economic development, but they are wrong," said Cheng, 64. "We have laws to protect air quality, and major pollution can be avoided if they are fully enforced." The lawsuits demonstrate the mounting frustration of China's middle class at the country's notoriously bad air, a topic that is expected to be discussed at the upcoming annual meeting of the country's parliament three years after Premier Li Keqiang declared a "war on pollution" at the same event. The dissatisfaction comes even as authorities in the capital are closing factories, getting rid of coal-fired boilers and taking older, heavier-polluting vehicles off the road. Official data show those measures are having some effect, with Beijing showing year-on-year improvements since 2013. Yet the city's average reading of the tiny particulate matter PM2.5 — considered a good gauge of air pollution — is still seven times what the World Health Organization considers safe. "We are the victims of smog and we are entitled to ask for an apology and compensation from the government," said another of the lawyers, Yu Wensheng, 50, from Beijing. The suits, which accuse authorities of failing to deal effectively with the smog, are important to show that the government is not above the law, said Yu. "If the government is not restricted by law, then what else can restrict it?" said Yu, who has spent time in detention accused of supporting Hong Kong pro-democracy protests in 2014 and for speaking up in support of detained rights lawyers. Along with Beijing, the group has attempted to sue the neighboring province of Hebei and the port city of Tianjin. The region generally suffers the worst pollution in China and forms a front line in the central government's battle against the scourge. The lawyers say their cases are more about drawing attention to government inaction rather than winning a settlement. China is grappling with serious pollution resulting from three decades of breakneck growth that vastly improved living standards for many, but took a disastrous toll on the environment. As people became more aware of the health issues associated with smog, the declaration of a "war on pollution" at the National People's Congress in 2014 resulted in measures to reduce pollutants in the air, including capping coal consumption. However, a particularly heavy bout of smog at the beginning of this year still triggered pollution "red alerts" in more than 20 cities. Beijing plans to spend $2.7 billion on fighting air pollution this year, part of which would be used to close or upgrade more than 3,000 polluting factories, replace the use of coal with clean energy on the outskirts of the city and phase out 300,000 high-polluting older vehicles, according to the city's acting mayor, Cai Qi. Despite efforts to enlist the public in the anti-pollution struggle, China's authoritarian Communist government heavily discourages protests and other forms of independent action, and at least one of the initial five lawyers in the case appears to have withdrawn his lawsuit under pressure from local authorities. The Beijing press office said the government hadn't received any notices about the lawsuits and was unable to comment. The governments of Hebei and Tianjin didn't respond to requests for comment. The Ministry of Environmental Protection has been sending out inspection teams to check on how well local governments are implementing smog control measures. On Monday, it announced that the lists of companies that have to halt production during periods of heavy pollution drawn up by three lower-level governments under Beijing and Hebei included companies that were already no longer operating. A Beijing court has already twice rejected attempts by the lawyers to file cases, while a court in Hebei province's capital, Shijiazhuang, has yet to respond to a case filed more than two months ago. Similar attempts to file suits in previous years have also been derailed, and while a change in the law has allowed some environmental NGOs to bring cases against polluters since 2015, they are discouraged to do so by the high costs of investigating and proving environmental damage, and potential threats and harassment from those they're suing. Wang Canfa, the director of a center that helps people bring lawsuits relating to pollution, said it would be difficult for the plaintiffs to establish a link between the governments' actions and the harm they have suffered. "In this circumstance, the governments are not the ones that inflict harm, rather it is the companies that discharge emissions, and individuals who drive cars, who are the polluters," said Wang, who teaches at the China University of Political Science and Law. Still, the lawyers appear to feel it's worth the risks and frustrations to make their point. Another of them, Lu Tingge, who filed the Hebei case, said his mother suffers respiratory illnesses and the pollution makes it difficult for her to breathe. He's asking for 10 yuan ($1.50) in compensation for masks, 5,000 yuan ($730) for "spiritual damage" and an official apology for the harm to his life and work. "I know my chances of winning are small," said Lu, 47. "But I just want to make people understand that the government bears the main responsibility for dealing with smog and air pollution."


Wang Y.,China University of Political Science and Law | Li B.,China University of Political Science and Law
Science and Justice | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to verify that the combination of Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscope / energy dispersive X-ray mapping could be applied to line intersection problems. The spectral data of red seal ink, laser toner and their intersections, such as peak location and peak intensity, were described. Relative peak height ratios of different chemical components in intersecting lines were used to distinguish the sequences. Energy dispersive X-ray mapping characteristics of intersecting areas were also detailed. The results show that both the laser toner and the seal ink appear on the surface of intersections, regardless of the sequence. The distribution of the two inks on the surface is influenced not only by the sequence of heterogeneous lines but also by diffusion. Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscope/energy dispersive X-ray mapping are able to explore the chemical components and the corresponding elemental distribution in the intersections. The combination of these two techniques has provided a reliable method for sequencing intersecting lines of red seal ink and laser toner, and more importantly, this method may be a basis for sequencing superimposed lines from other writing instruments. © 2011 Forensic Science Society.


Gao J.,China University of Political Science and Law
Ocean Development and International Law | Year: 2012

The three categories of the seafloor highs provided for in Article 76 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea should be interpreted from the legal perspective and in light of the principle of the natural prolongation. "Oceanic ridges of the deep ocean floor," which are not part of the natural prolongation of the land territory of the coastal state, are the submarine features that have no geomorphological continuity with the landmass of the coastal state. "Submarine elevations," which are not only part of the natural prolongation of the land territory of the coastal state but also the natural component of the continental margin, are those submarine features that have geomorphological as well as geological continuity with the landmass of the coastal state. "Submarine ridges," which are part of the natural prolongation of the land territory of the coastal state but not the natural component of the continental margin, are those submarine features that have geomorphological continuity with the landmass of the coastal state. There are some clear trends as well as obvious variances in the practice of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in this regard. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Gao J.,China University of Political Science and Law
Ocean Development and International Law | Year: 2013

The 2012 Nicaragua v. Colombia Case is the second instance where the International Court of Justice has employed the standard method in maritime delimitation since the 2009 Black Sea Case. The "standard method" involves three stages with the construction of a provisional equidistance line as the core of the methodology. There is no legal basis under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea or customary law for the a priori position given to an equidistance line. Moreover, questions can be raised about the Court's operation at the second stage, which should consist of an adjustment or shifting of the provisional line rather than replacing it. Finally, the use of the disproportionality test as the touchstone for equity of the delimitation line is doubtful. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Kong Q.,China University of Political Science and Law
Asian Journal of WTO and International Health Law and Policy | Year: 2012

The growing importance of foreign direct investment (FDI) to U.S.-China relations was highlighted when the U.S.-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) in 2008 mandated the negotiations of a bilateral investment treaty (BIT). Intended to further liberalizing investment policies of either country, the U.S.-China BIT-to-be came at a time of soaring economic tensions between the two economic giants amid global financial crisis. In contrast to the assertive stance of the United States to base the negotiation on the U.S. model BIT, which is most sophisticated and signifies the highest standard for market access and investment protection, the current Chinese investment regime, which is characterized by an industrial policy orientation and case-by-case approval for prospective FDI, would have to undergo a systematic overhaul. In view of the varying interests of two nations, huge investment potential, clash of the two parties' positions, the BIT negotiation is destined to be the most difficult one in history, and might turn out to be a long-lasting diplomatic baffle between the two nations. If the U.S. model BIT is finally adopted with minor revisions, the BIT could have far-reaching implications for China to avoid damage to the reliability of markets and for the United States to avoid the perception of investment protectionism. Moreover, it will serve as an inspiration for, and add the momentum to, institution-building for global investment framework.


Bai R.F.,China University of Political Science and Law
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2012

To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats(Y-STR) loci in She ethnic population from Fujian province, and to evaluate their forensic application values and genetic relationship with other 11 populations, 152 unrelated male individuals of She ethnic population in Fujian were used to determine the distribution of allele frequencies and haplotypes by using Y-filerTM System. Cluster analysis and phylogenic trees were applied to show the genetic distance among the populations. As a result, 50 haplotypes were found in DYS385a/b loci, and 3-11 alleles were found in the rest 15 Y-STR loci. The GD value was from 0.4037(DYS391) to 0. 9725(DYS385a/b). This study has also revealed "off-ladder" alleles at several Y-loci, namely DYS448, DYS393, DYS458 and DYS635, and several occurrences of duplications at the DYS385a/b, DYS19 and DYS390 loci. One hundred and forty-four haplotypes were found in 17 Y-STR loci, of which 138 were unique, 5 were found in 2 individuals, 1 was found in 4 individuals, and the observed haplotypes diversity value was 0.9990. Comparing with 11 populations, the genetic distance between She ethnic and Han population in Zhejiang was the smallest (0.0042), while it was the largest between She ethnic and Tibet ethnic population (0.2380). Cluster analysis and phylogenetic tree both demonstrated that genetic distance between She ethnic and several south Han populations is closer than between She ethnic and non-Han populations. Multiplex detection of the 17 Y-STR loci revealed a highly polymorphic genetic distribution, which would be very powerful for establishing a Y-STR database, for population genetics and forensic practice.

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