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Hu Q.,Water Resources University | Hu Q.,China University of Geosciences | Chen N.,Water Resources University | Chen N.,China University of Geosciences | And 3 more authors.
Applied Surface Science

Abstract In the present study, In order to efficiently remove nitrate, granular chitosan-Fe3+ complex with high chemical stability and good environmental adaptation was synthesized through precipitation method and characterized using SEM, XRD, BET and FTIR. The nitrate adsorption performance was evaluated by batch experiments. The results indicated that granular chitosan-Fe3+ complex was an amorphous and mesoporous material. The BET specific surface area and average pore size were 8.98 m2 g-1 and 56.94 Å, respectively. The point of zero charge was obtained at pH 5. The maximum adsorption capacity reached 8.35 mg NO3--N g-1 based on Langmuir-Freundlich model. Moreover, no significant change in the nitrate removal efficiency was observed in the pH range of 3.0-10.0. The adverse influence of sulphate on nitrate removal was the most significant, followed by bicarbonate and fluoride, whereas chloride had slightly adverse effect. Adsorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and the experimental equilibrium data were fitted well with the Langmuir-Freundlich and D-R isotherm models. Thermodynamic parameters revealed that nitrate adsorption was a spontaneous and exothermic process. Granular chitosan-Fe3+ complex could be effectively regenerated by NaCl solution. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Li C.,China University of Geosciences Beijing Beijing | Li C.,China University of Geosciences Beijing Beijing | Chen D.,China University of Geosciences Beijing Beijing | Chen D.,China University of Geosciences Beijing Beijing | And 6 more authors.
Geoscience Frontiers

The correlation between the North China Craton (NCC) and the Indian Shield (IND) has been a hot topic in recent years. On the basis of ore deposit databases, the NCC and IND have shown broad similarity in metallogenesis from the middle Archaean to the Mesoproterozoic. The two blocks both have three major metallogenic systems: (1) the Archaean BIF metallogenic system; (2) the Paleoproterozoic Cu-Pb-Zn metallogenic system; and (3) the Mesoproterozoic Fe-Pb-Zn system. In the north margin of the NCC and the west margin of the IND, the Archaean BIF-Au-Cu-Pb-Zn deposits had the same petrogenesis and host rocks, the Paleoproterozoic Cu-Pb-Zn deposits were controlled by active belts, and the Mesoproterozoic Fe-Pb-Zn deposits were mainly related to multi-stage rifting. Matching regional mineralization patterns and geological features has established the continental assembly referred to as "NCWI", an acronym for the north margin of the NCC (NC) and the west margin of the IND (WI) during the middle Archaean to the Mesoproterozoic. In this assembly, the available geological and metallogenic data from the Eastern Block and active belts of NC fit those from the Dharwar craton and the Aravalli-Delhi-Vindhyan belt of WI, respectively. Moreover, the depositional model and environment of Paleoproterozoic metasedimentary manganese deposits in NCWI implied that the assembly may be located at low latitudes, where the conditions were favorable for dissolving ice and precipitating manganese deposits. © 2015 China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University. Source

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