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Liu J.,China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation | Wu C.,Air Force Early Warning Academy
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering | Year: 2017

Due to the great success, deep learning gains much attentions in the research field of recommendation. In this paper, we review the deep learning based recommendation approaches and propose a classification framework, by which the deep learning based recommendation approaches are divided according to the input and output of the approaches. We also give the possible research directions in the future. © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017.

NEW CASTLE, Pa., Nov. 01, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Axion Power International, Inc. (OTCQB:AXPW) has entered into a Tri-Party Letter of Intent with Fengfan Co. Ltd. of Baoding, China (SH. 600482) and LCB International Inc. of BVI, regarding the sale of Axion’s PbC® technology in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau to Fengfan and LCB, along with non-exclusive licensing rights in North America.  A culminating event after many months of negotiation, the Letter of Intent, jointly signed by all parties on October 31, 2016, calls for a $5 million cash infusion into Axion over a 24-month period. As a result of the signing of this Letter of Intent, Fengfan will make an initial cash down payment of $250,000 to Axion by December 1, 2016 upon receiving regulatory approvals. It is expected that this non-dilutive cash infusion, along with Axion’s successful cost cutting measures, will lay a strong foundation for the company’s ability to complete other major licensing agreements currently in development internationally. Concurrent with the signing of this Letter of Intent and the receipt of the $250,000, the three parties are targeting a definitive Tri-Party Agreement by the end of January 2017. Once finalized, quarterly payments to Axion are anticipated to begin in the First Quarter of 2017. Then, starting one year following achievement of agreed-upon PbC volume production goals, or agreed-to PbC battery performance and cost objectives, Axion will receive a royalty of two percent of Fengfan’s net sales of PbC batteries in Greater China and North America, with a guaranteed annual minimum of $1 million. Dr. WJ Gesang, principal of LCB, said, “LCB is glad to bring together Axion and Fengfan in this tri-party strategic partnership. The collaboration will fully leverage the complementary strengths of the three partners to achieve commercial scale applications of PbC technology through a global modular innovation approach – invented in the U.S., made in China and sold around the world.” The IP package includes the sale of Axion’s five PbC patents in China; nonexclusive license to its 15 PbC patents in the United States; and will give Fengfan and LCB access to all of Axion’s intellectual property rights to PbC technology for use in a wide variety of applications, from automotive to energy storage. “Fengfan aspires to be the top lead-acid battery manufacturer in China as well as the global marketplace,” said Mr. Zhen Zhijun, executive vice president of Fengfan. “The PbC technology will greatly expand Fengfan’s product portfolio to address many emerging market needs of high power and high rate partial state of charge applications in automotive and utility energy storage. Fengfan will take the PbC technology, invented by Axion over the past decade, into volume production at China speed and cost.” This licensing agreement is a significant success resulting from the strategic direction laid out for Axion by CEO, Richard Bogan, in February 2016, and the collaborative effort among the parties which began in May 2016. "We are off and running as we look to 2017 to be a landmark year for Axion,” said Bogan. “This is our first major win since we re-focused Axion’s strategic direction. We have been working heads-down and full speed ahead with Fengfan and LCB. These collaborative efforts with our new partners are bearing significant fruit in a short time.  I could not be more pleased with these partners and look forward to the great commercial strides we will jointly make." About Axion Power International, Inc. Axion Power is a technology leader in lead-carbon energy storage. Axion's patented lead carbon battery is the only advanced battery technology with an all carbon negative electrode. Axion's negative electrodes are designed to be directly substituted for lead acid negative electrodes producing the unique benefits of the Axion carbon technology. Axion Power's primary goal is to become the leading supplier of carbon electrode assemblies for lead-acid battery companies around the world. For more information, visit www.axionpower.com About Fengfan Co. Ltd. Fengfan Co., Ltd. belongs to the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation.  Fengfan was established in 1958 and was listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange in July of 2004 (SH.600482).  Fengfan has been the leading automotive lead acid battery manufacturer in China for decades. Fengfan is on the list of “The Top 100 Automotive Component Suppliers in China” and the list of “The Top 100 Machinery Industry Companies in China”. For more information, visit www.sail.com.cn. About LCB International - BVI LCB International, Inc. is an investment and business development firm focusing on the battery energy storage system for motive and stationary utility applications in Asia. Forward-looking Statements Certain statements in this Press Release are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of risk factors and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include the risk for the Company to complete its development work, as well as the risks inherent in commercializing a new product (including technology risks, market risks, financial risks and implementation risks, and other risks and uncertainties affecting the Company), as well as other risks that have been included in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, all of which are available at www.sec.gov. We disclaim any intention or obligation to revise any forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, financial estimates, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

News Article | November 16, 2016
Site: www.rechargenews.com

Chinese wind turbine manufacturer CSIC HZ Windpower has forged a deal with LM Wind Power for the supply of blades to be fitted to its newly-launched H151-5.0MW platform. The strategic collaboration with China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation's (CSIC) wind arm is to see blades delivered from LM Wind Power's plant in Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province. The first blade sets are expected to be installed in the fourth quarter at Rudong wind farm, also in Jiangsu. Two prototype turbines with LM blades were installed in Rudong in 2013, paving the way for the long-term deal now announced. In the meantime, CSIC HZ Windpower recently received the type certificate for the new offshore machine. “CSIC HZ Windpower aims to play a leading role in the development of offshore wind in China. We chose LM Wind Power blades because reliability and quality really matter in the offshore sector,” said Zhang Haiya, deputy director of R&D at CSIC HZ Windpower. LM Wind Power chief executive Marc de Jong added: “This deal strengthens LM Wind Power's growth in China and emphasizes the importance of highly reliable and efficient blades as a key factor for expanding the growing offshore sector.” CSIC HZ Windpower has a total installation record of 6GW to date. LM itself is the subject of a takeover by GE, which has announced in October that it has agreed to acquire the blade manufacturer for $1.65bn.

News Article | April 23, 2016
Site: news.yahoo.com

With 70 percent of our global real estate consisting of oceans and other bodies of water, one country with plenty of experience dealing with overcrowding is taking to the seas to build new power plants. According to new reports, China is working on floating nuclear power plants that will power its manmade chain of islands. China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation has been tasked with building a fleet of these structures in order to power the various radar systems, lighthouses, airfields, and other structures that currently reside upon the new islands in the South China Sea. And predictably, it’s no small undertaking. Liu Zhengguo, an executive at the Corporation, has been quoted as saying that “demand is pretty strong” for the nuclear stations, and Chinese media reported that the government has plans to build up to 20 of these mobile plants. While the concept of floating nuclear power stations isn’t particularly new (Russia recently began building them for use in the Arctic), China’s move marks the latest in its ambitious five-year plan. As the New York Times reports, the nation currently boasts building more nuclear power stations than any other country. “Nuclear reactors afloat would give the Chinese military sustainable energy sources to conduct their full panoply of operations, from air early warning and defenses and offensive fire control systems to anti-submarine operations and more,” Patrick Cronin, senior director of the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security, told the Chicago Tribune. And more concerning, perhaps, are the potential safety risks associated with such a large undertaking. “China has already done enough damage to the maritime environment by hastily building artificial islands and destroying irreplaceable coral reefs,” Cronin continued. “We do not need a nuclear accident in these importing fishing grounds and sea lanes.” Related: China’s National Space Administration just announced plans to land on Mars by 2020 The U.S. State Department has offered little by way of commentary on these latest developments, simply stating, “We continue to encourage all South China Sea claimants to avoid taking unilateral actions that change the status quo.”

Yin W.,University of Manchester | Xu K.,China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement | Year: 2016

Lift-off variation causes errors in eddy-current measurement of metallic plate thickness. In this paper, we designed a triple-coil sensor operating as two coil pairs and in a multifrequency mode. It is found that the difference in their peak frequencies (the frequency when the imaginary part of the inductance reaches peak) is linearly proportional to the plate thickness but virtually immune to lift-off variations. Mathematical derivation, simulation, and experimental results verified the validity of the methodology. © 2015 IEEE.

Two articles published by the Guardian insinuated that a Chinese company “stole” Scottish technology in the process of developing the Hailong 1 wave-power generating device (Mysterious factory break-in raises suspicions about Chinese visit, 10 October; Does China deserve a reputation as the land of copycats? 15 October). However, these reports are not grounded in facts. Upon seeing the above-mentioned reports, we immediately sent an inquiry to the relevant company, China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC). CSIC replied that the Hailong 1 wave-power generating device is based on independent research and development by CSIC. The Chinese company has a patent on the invention and application of this device is in accordance with all international conventions on intellectual property rights (IPR) as well as Chinese laws and regulations. In the designing and building process, the Chinese company had never had discussion with any British entity with regard to the relevant technology, nor purchased any reference material not open to the public or employed any personnel associated with the Scottish company, Pelamis Wave Power. Hailong 1 has been designed to suit China’s marine environment conditions. There are huge differences between Hailong 1 and the Pelamis version in terms of design, appearance and structure of the joint. China attaches great important to the protection of intellectual property rights and the World Intellectual Property Organization has established an office in China. Zeng Rong Spokesperson of the Chinese embassy in the UK

News Article | April 25, 2016
Site: www.theenergycollective.com

Credible entities in China have begun lining up the supply chains required to produce reliable electrical power from barge mounted nuclear fission power plants. There are no technical, industrial, or regulatory hurdles that prevents the first of those machines from being in service by 2020. China has a pressing need for the electricity those movable power plants will be able to produce; it is building artificial islands that are a long way from power lines, pipelines, and developed fuel handling port facilities. Nuclear plants, unlike all other options, can produce power 24 hours per day using fuel that can be airlifted at intervals that might be measured in years. Many Chinese political leaders are competent engineers and scientists. They recognize that weak, unreliable energy sources like wind and sun are not capable of providing the power required to operate dredges, early warning radar systems, concrete plants, airports, and the electrical power needs for a growing population that will inhabit their brand new territory. Russia, which has talked about building floating nuclear power plants for decades and has had a construction program underway since 2000 has yet to make any operational power plant deliveries. China, however, has a history of follow through and task completion. They build what they say they are going to build. They manufacture some excellent products in a wide range of industries — including electronics, locomotives, ships, power plants, computers, and solar panels — that are exported all over the world. In contrast, Russia’s export successes have been limited to oil, natural gas, vodka, military hardware and a few long-delayed nuclear power plants. Unlike the United States, which has withheld its world-leading floating nuclear propulsion plant expertise from the commercial market for more than 60 years, China seems to understand that technology developed to propel ships can be put to valuable use in many other applications. Turbines are turbines whether they are on ships or on land. Power plants that include steam propulsion turbines can be readily adapted to drive steam turbines attached to electrical generators. Since ship nuclear propulsion systems require robust foundations and the capability to withstand the stressful conditions of stormy weather and the possibility of nearby explosions, they are well-suited to being installed in power barges that can be moored in ports that may be in the path of typhoons. An old friend of mine who is a retired Dutch Navy engineering officer often told me that in the history of power plants, there are a number of examples of machines that made a successful transition from seaborne power to land based power, but there were few, if any, that had moved from land to sea. In my worldview, Chinese floating nuclear power plants are not a strategic threat or safety concern. The infrastructure that they will power is another story that I won’t discuss here. China’s manufactured islands in the South China Sea are an ideal “early adopter” customer for floating nuclear power plants. However, they are not the only or even the largest market for the machines that may begin to float out of their shipyards at an increasing rate beginning in 2020. Those transportable plants with their lightweight supply lines will represent an economically competitive source of electricity and clean water that may find a large and lucrative market once the builders begin series production. I expect that the suppliers will engage in the relentless production cost and sales price improvements that Chinese manufacturers have been able to achieve in so many other industrial enterprises. The planning for the decision to build power barges to supply artificial South China Sea islands became publicly known at the end of 2015 with the announcement of the National Marine Nuclear Power Demonstration Project. In January of 2016, China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation and China Guangdong Nuclear signed a strategic cooperation agreement to develop off shore nuclear installations. Though it is a bit difficult to fully understand the Google translate version of the Chinese language story, it also appears that CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Company) is cooperating by supplying its experience in offshore construction. CNOOC is also interested in small nuclear plants to provide electricity to its power-hungry, distant offshore drilling rigs. It may sound a bit like carrying coal to Newcastle, but oil wells are generally powered by diesel engines that require refined petroleum; they cannot burn the crude oil that they are extracting, though some are able to beneficially use the natural gas that often accompanies the oil. When rigs are not too far off shore, it’s often cost effective to power them from the onshore power grid. Distant rigs, however, are almost ideally suited to be powered by atomic generators. When added to the coastal cities of developing countries, the island nations that continue to rely on diesel generators, and the large number of oil rigs with diesel generators, the market for floating nuclear plants is potentially in the hundreds to thousands of units. As things stand today; China might be able to rapidly establish a dominant market position that will be difficult to overcome. A story on eworldship.com appeared on Wednesday, April 20 describing the partnerships that have been established and describing the initial market target of the artificial islands in the South China Sea. That story instigated a flurry of stories in a variety of media outlets, including Global Times, Reuters, Economic Times (India), Foreign Policy, Chicago Tribune, and New York Times. My hope is that the development stimulates a prosperity and stability-enhancing competitive race to build ever more capable machines that can provide reliable power to places that have always been hampered by the difficulty of supplying fuel for dirty, polluting generators and by the lack of access to abundant fresh water. My concern is that the development will be seen by some as an action that requires aggressive efforts to slow progress and halt development. That shouldn’t be America’s response; we have competitive capabilities in this arena. After all, we were the first nation to deploy a floating nuclear plant to provide power to an important piece of our global infrastructure. Unfortunately, we were also the first to abandon the technology after making budgetary decisions that ensured Sturgis was an expensive, one-of-a-kind orphan. We should seize the flurry of attention being paid to maritime nuclear plants as an opportunity for generating excitement about atomic energy development and a growing understanding of the benefits provided by extremely compact fuel sources. The US Navy, my former employer, has been designing, building and maintaining superior nuclear propulsion plants and training suppliers and operators for more than two generations. With the notable exception of the 1950s vintage Shippingport project, the nuclear Navy has been more than reluctant to share its technological expertise and skills in human resource development with anyone else. Shippingport was a qualified success; it enabled a commercial nuclear industry that grew rapidly for 20 years and produced machines that have supplied a large, consistent supply of clean electrical power for the past four decades. Unfortunately, that first nuclear power plant construction industry had growing pains and ran into a number of obstacles. By the mid 1980s it had faded to a mere shadow with no new construction starts during a 35 year period. Now is the right time for another effort to commercialize the investment that we’ve made in maritime nuclear energy. Maybe this time, it will point the way to an industry that doesn’t stop growing until all customers who can use the power are economically served. I’m positive that my suggestion to selectively share more capability will not be well-received in certain offices in the Navy Yard — I’ve checked within the past week. I can only hope that my old friends there will think deeply and remember what we were taught long ago. It’s no good for the Navy to operate beautiful, esthetically amazing nuclear power plants if the ships they propel go down. Extending that idea a bit, it’s not a sound national strategy for the United States Navy to so carefully protect useful but not militarily unique nuclear knowledge to the point of allowing the country that paid for that knowledge to experience a preventable economic decline. The post No obstacles prevent China from rapidly building floating nuclear power plants appeared first on Atomic Insights.

Cui C.,China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
High Performance Polymers | Year: 2015

Polyimides (PIs) are widely applied in the fields of aerospace, membrane, and electronic industries. However, with the fast-growing application, the degradation of polymer has become a serious problem people are confronted with. In this work, a series of novel degradable PIs were prepared from diamine 4,6-bis(4-aminophenoxy)pyrimidine with various commercially available aromatic dianhydrides by a conventional two-stage method. The resulting PIs could degrade fast under methylamine medium in N,N-dimethylacetamide, and the degradation mechanism was speculated by analyzing the degradation products. Compared with the traditional method, a facile and effective method for PI degradation was provided. The results suggested that incorporating 4,6-diphenoxypyrimidine structure into polymer chains may grow up to be a new method for polymer degradation. © The Author(s) 2014.

Xu Z.S.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Huang Q.B.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Zhao Z.G.,China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements | Year: 2011

In this paper, topology optimization of composite material plate with respect to minimization of the sound power radiation has been studied. A new low noise design method based on topology optimization is proposed, which provides great guidance for acoustic designers. The structural vibrations are excited by external harmonic mechanical load with prescribed frequency and amplitude. The sound power is calculated using boundary element method. An extended solid isotropic material with penalization (SIMP) model is introduced for acoustic design sensitivity analysis in topology optimization, where the same penalization is applied for the stiffness and mass of the structural volume elements. Volumetric densities of stiffer material are chosen as design variables. Finally, taking a simple supported thin plate as a simulation example, the sound power radiation from structures subjected to forced vibration can be considerably reduced, leading to a reduction of 20 dB. It is shown that the optimal topology is easy to manufacture at low frequency, while as the loading frequency increases, the optimal topology shows a more and more complicated periodicity which makes it difficult to manufacture. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Yao J.,Harbin Engineering University | Wang C.,China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
JVC/Journal of Vibration and Control | Year: 2012

This work is focused on an underwater manipulator. To solve its nonlinear dynamics and hydrodynamics when it operates underwater, model reference adaptive control (MRAC) is applied. The output of the reference model represents the expected transient response. Adaptive controller parameters are adjusted on-line in real time according to the error between the reference model output and the system output and the outputs of the state filters, using an adaptive parameter regulator. The system control input is thus achieved such that the system output can track the reference model output. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed control scheme has accurate tracking ability and can greatly improve the dynamic and static properties of the system. The MRAC for the underwater manipulator is also fairly robust to load disturbance and system parameter variation. © 2011 The Author(s).

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