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Zhao X.,China University of Petroleum - Beijing | Zhao X.,North China Electrical Power University | Zhao Y.,China Resources Power Holdings Co. | Zeng S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhang S.,North China Electrical Power University
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2015

This article presents a structural equation model for exploring the impact of environmental regulations - administrative-based environmental regulation (command-and-control regulation) (AER) and market-based environmental regulation (MER), on Chinese firm behavior and competitiveness on the basis of data collected from Chinese electric power and iron and steel firms (most of these firms are state-owned enterprises). Our results show that both AER and MER promote the firm behavior shift toward green development, and enhance firm competitiveness. However, AER and MER have different impacts on firm specific behaviors such as strategy choice, production decisions, technical progress, and environmental management and different extent of impact on firm competitiveness. In addition, whilst AER has a strong significant positive impact on technological innovation and plays a direct role in competitive improvement, MER does not. On the other hand, only MER plays significant roles in promoting the behavior shift of strategy toward green development. These findings signify that it is important for China to pursue the coordination between AER and MER, and to identify the line of playing roles between AER and MER. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source


Zhao X.,China University of Petroleum - Beijing | Yin H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhao Y.,China Resources Power Holdings Co.
Applied Energy | Year: 2015

The power industry is the largest air polluter in China, contributing nearly 40% of CO2 emissions and 60% of SO2 emissions. Under mounting pressure to improve standards of environmental protection, it is imperative that the industry increases the efficiency and environmental performance of power plants in China. We investigate the impacts of three different environmental regulations on efficiency improvement and CO2 reduction: command and control regulations (CCR), market-based regulations (MBR), and government subsidies (GS). We find that MBR and GS have a positive impact on efficiency improvement and CO2 reduction. However, CCR have no significant impacts. This finding has important implications since CCR dominates China's environmental policy. We discuss the policy implications of these findings, such as China should further release the potential of MBR in the power industry, instead of solely relying on CCR; and pay more attention to the coordination of different policy instruments. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Li Q.-L.,China Resources Power Holdings Co. | Li Q.-L.,China Institute of Atomic Energy | Tan X.-J.,China Resources Power Holdings Co. | Li J.-Y.,China Resources Power Holdings Co. | And 3 more authors.
Yuanzineng Kexue Jishu/Atomic Energy Science and Technology | Year: 2013

In an electron beam irradiation flue gas desulfurization and denitrification technical model, the track and the equivalent dose field of electron beams with different inject energy were simulated with Geant4 toolkit. Simulation results show that electron beam with 1.75 MeV matches with 1 000 MWe level power plant flue gas desulfurization and denitrification technical design. The simulation results will be beneficial to the engineering design and the accelerator parameter optimization. Source


Tan X.-J.,China Resources Power Holdings Co. | Li J.-Y.,China Resources Power Holdings Co.
Yuanzineng Kexue Jishu/Atomic Energy Science and Technology | Year: 2013

To study the neutron leakage spectrum of spallation target of ADS, the neutron leakage spectrum of lead-bismuth eutectic target with 1 GeV proton was simulated by Geant4 toolkit. The simulated neutron leakage spectrum and target optimization parameters, which will be beneficial to the reactor core design, are obtained. Source

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