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Yin F.,Institute of Neurosurgery | Tian Z.-M.,Institute of Neurosurgery | Liu S.,Institute of Neurosurgery | Zhao Q.-J.,Institute of Neurosurgery | And 4 more authors.
CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics | Year: 2012

Background and purpose: To assess the clinical effect of transplantation of human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells into the unilateral postcommissural putamen for treatment for Parkinson disease (PD). Methods and results: Cells from postmortem human eye tissue (10-20 weeks of gestation) were cultured in vitro. Cells from -generation passage were implanted in PD postcommissural putamen with stereotactic operation in 12 patients with PD. All patients tolerated surgery well, and no major adverse events occurred. Eleven patients showed improvement in the primary outcome measure at 3 months post-treatment, particularly the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-M score in the off state. Response reached a peak at 12 months and declined during the next 24 months. At the 36-month endpoint, there were eight patients who felt better than at baseline. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed a trend with increased dopamine (DA) release during the first 6 months. Conclusion: Human retinal pigment epithelial cells have the characteristics of neural progenitor cells and can be induced to differentiate into DA neurons. The results of this clinical trial suggest that the treatment of transplanted hRPE cells could improve symptoms of PD. These cells might serve as a useful source of DA neurons for neural graft in the treatment for PD. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Tian Y.,China PLA General Hospital
Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology | Year: 2013

To investigate the change of gastric cancer cell proliferation and the expression of gastric cancer related gene 213 (GCRG213), a long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) endonuclease variant, during hypoxia. Normal gastric mucosa cell GES-1 and gastric cancer cell BGC-823 were cultured in 20% or 3% oxygen concentrations, respectively. MTT test was used to analyze the proliferation of the GES-1 and BGC-823 cells. The change of GCRG213 mRNA and protein expression in GES-1 and BGC-823 cells was detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Blast was used at the NCBI Blast server to identify GCRG213 sequence to any alignment in the GeneBank databases. Compared with 20% oxygen condition, 3% oxygen concentration could promote cell growth. Mean-while, the expression of GCRG213 at mRNA and protein levels was increased. GCRG213 sequence shared high homology with LINE-1 endonuclease sequence. GCRG213 is a variant of LINE-1 endonuclease. Hypoxia as in 3% oxygen condition can promote cell proliferation and lead to GCRG213 overexpression. Source


Zhou H.,Bayi Childrens Hospital | Sun N.,Capital Medical University | Zhang X.,China PLA General Hospital | Xie H.,Bayi Childrens Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Pediatric Surgery International | Year: 2012

Background: Scar-free abdominal wall surgery is a research hotspot in recent years. This study presented surgical skills of transumbilical laparoendoscopic singlesite pyeloplasty (LESS-P) for pediatric patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and its clinical application. Methods: Twenty-four pediatric patients with UPJO had transumbilical LESS-P performed by the same surgeon from June to December 2010. Among them, 16 were males and 8 females aged from 2 to 62 months with average of 14 months. Eighteen patients had obstruction on the left ureteropelvic junction and six on the right. The renal pelvis and ureter were anastomosed using 5-0 absorbable sutures and a double-J ureteric stent was placed through the anastomotic stoma. Results: All operations were successful. None was converted to open surgery and no additional sheath tube or incision besides umbilicus was needed. No intraoperative complications occurred. Ectopic blood vessels were found in two cases during surgery. The mean operative time was 145 min, and the average blood loss about 10 ml. Abdominal drainage tubes were remained for 2-9 days after surgery. The mean postoperative hospital time was 7 days. Two patients had postoperative urinary fistula, which naturally disappeared at 4 and 7 days of postoperation, respectively. Ultrasound and diuretic renal scintigraphy in follow-up found 23 patients had significantly decreased renal pelvis diameter. Although the other one showed no obvious change, but diuretic renography showed significantly improved excretion as indicated by increased glomerular filtration rate from 29 ml/min before surgery to 46 ml/min 6 months after surgery. Conclusion: Pediatric transumbilical LESS-P is not only safe and effective but also can well meet patient's aesthetic desire for scar-free abdominal wall. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source


Gong L.,Tsinghua University | Liu W.,Yanan Peoples Hospital | Li P.,China PLA General Hospital | Huang X.,China PLA General Hospital
American Surgeon | Year: 2015

Retrorectal tumors, are a rare and interesting entity, traditionally managed with surgery. The surgical approach is a key to get an easy and safe access. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of resection by a transsacrococcygeal approach. Thirty-six patients had retrorectal tumors resected by a transsacrococcygeal approach in our department. All the tumors were en bloc resected, irrespective of size and anatomical depth. The clinic data were retrospectively reviewed. Tumor mean size was 10 ± 4.4 cm. In 16 cases, tumors were 10 cm or more in size. The largest tumor measured 20 cm. The estimated mean blood loss was 130 ml. No mortality and severe postoperative complications were observed. The most significant issues were wound infection and delayed healing. Pathology showed 15 cases of epidermal cysts, two cases of enterogenous cyst, one case of bronchogenic cyst, 12 cases of teratoma, two cases of schwannoma, two cases of low-grade malignant fibrous myxoma, one case of aggressive angiomyxoma, one case of desmoid tumor. The transsacrococcygeal approach gives an easy access and good visualization with fewer complications. This surgical approach shows to be safe and effective for resection of retrorectal tumors. © 2015, Southeastern Surgical Congress. All rights reserved. Source


Gong L.,Tsinghua University | Qu Q.,China PLA General Hospital | Xiang X.,China PLA General Hospital | Wang J.,China PLA General Hospital
American Surgeon | Year: 2012

Choledochal cyst, usually recognized as a problem in infants, is increasingly reported in adult patients. The aim of this study was to share our experience in treating adult patients with choledochal cysts. Two hundred twenty-one adult patients with choledochal cysts who were treated in our hospital from January 2002 to December 2010 were enrolled. The clinical data were retrospectively collected and analyzed. There were 168 Type I, three Type II, three Type III, 26 Type IV, and 21 Type V cysts. The presentations were nonspecific with 177 patients having abdominal pain and a few patients having other rare symptoms including back pain, cirrhosis, occupying lesions, or spontaneous rupture. The cysts were completely removed in 169 patients, and 36 patients required liver resection. There was one death resulting from abdominal bleeding. Morbidity was limited to 27 patients, 11 of whom underwent invasive interventions. Choledochal cysts remain an interesting clinical problem. In some adult cases, the diagnosis is very difficult. Treatment is type-dependent, complete removal of the cysts is widely accepted, and lifelong follow-up for these patients is recommended. Source

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