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Zhang W.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Pan L.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Tu K.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Zhang Q.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Liu M.,China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

The use of non-destructive methods to detect egg hatching properties could increase efficiency in commercial hatcheries by saving space, reducing costs, and ensuring hatching quality. For this purpose, a hyperspectral imaging system was built to detect embryo development and vitality using spectral and morphological information of hatching eggs. A total of 150 green shell eggs were used, and hyperspectral images were collected for every egg on day 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 of incubation. After imaging, two analysis methods were developed to extract egg hatching characteristic. Firstly, hyperspectral images of samples were evaluated using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and only one optimal band with 822 nm was selected for extracting spectral characteristics of hatching egg. Secondly, an image segmentation algorithm was applied to isolate the image morphologic characteristics of hatching egg. To investigate the applicability of spectral and image morphological analysis for detecting egg early hatching properties, Learning Vector Quantization neural network (LVQNN) was employed. The experimental results demonstrated that model using image morphological characteristics could achieve better accuracy and generalization than using spectral characteristic parameters, and the discrimination accuracy for eggs with embryo development were 97% at day 3, 100% at day 4. In addition, the recognition results for eggs with weak embryo development reached 81% at day 3, and 92% at day 4. This study suggested that image morphological analysis was a novel application of hyperspectral imaging technology to detect egg early hatching properties. © 2014 Zhang et al. Source


Patent
China National Research Institute Of Food And Fermentation Industries | Date: 2014-01-28

The present invention discloses an enzyme beverage of natural garden stuff and a method for preparing the same. The enzyme beverage is prepared from a fresh juice extracted from fresh garden stuffs and added with marine fish-skin collagen peptide, as a fermentation substrate, by dilution, blending and sterilization followed by stepwise fermentation with


Patent
China National Research Institute Of Food And Fermentation Industries and Perfect China Co. | Date: 2014-10-31

The present invention relates to a functional engineered rice having alcoholism relief and liver protection functions for those drinking alcohol over an extended period of time or drinking alcohol excessively, and preparation method thereof. The engineered rice comprises six starting materials: coarse rice powder, isolated soy protein, kudzu root extract, corn oligopeptide, purple sweet potato powder, and hawthorn extract, and is prepared by: premixing the starting materials; employing a double screw extruder to conduct texturized processing and forming under high temperature and high pressure; and then drying, dedusting and packaging. The coarse cereal components of the engineered rice have the effects of balancing the diet and ensuring nutrition ingestion for those consuming the rice; and the functional factors such as the corn oligopeptide, the kudzu root extract and the like have the functions of enhancing ethanol metabolism inside the body, reducing liver damage, relieving alcoholism and protecting the liver.


Patent
China National Research Institute Of Food And Fermentation Industries | Date: 2014-12-24

The present invention provides a corn active peptide additive for cell culture medium, wherein in the corn active peptide additive, oligopeptides with molecular weight of lower than 1000 Dalton account for equal to or more than 90 wt % of total proteins, and the oligopeptides at least comprise one or more of AP, SAP, PAL, VNAP, PSSQ, and TQPGPQ. The corn active peptide additive of the present invention can be compounded with various basic culture mediums for serum-free culture of various animal cells, which not only substantially lowers the cost for cell culturing and reduces pollution and other problems caused by an animal derived component, but also can promote cell proliferation, improve cell viability and enhance expression of cell products.


Liu Y.,Capital Normal University | Liu Y.,China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries | Zuo S.,Capital Normal University | Xu L.,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Archives of Microbiology | Year: 2012

The seeds of plants are carriers of a variety of beneficial bacteria and pathogens. Using the non-culture methods of building 16S rDNA libraries, we investigated the endophytic bacterial communities of seeds of four hybrid maize offspring and their respective parents. The results of this study show that the hybrid offspring Yuyu 23, Zhengdan958, Jingdan 28 and Jingyu 11 had 3, 33, 38 and 2 OTUs of bacteria, respectively. The parents Ye 478, Chang 7-2, Zheng 58, Jing 24 and Jing 89 had 12, 36, 6, 12 and 2 OTUs, respectively. In the hybrid Yuyu 23, the dominant bacterium Pantoea (73.38 %) was detected in its female parent Ye 478, and the second dominant bacterium of Sphingomonas (26.62 %) was detected in both its female (Ye 478) and male (Chang 7-2) parent. In the hybrid Zhengdan 958, the first dominant bacterium Stenotrophomonas (41.67 %) was detected in both the female (Zheng 58) and male (Chang 7-2) parent. The second dominant bacterium Acinetobacter (9.26 %) was also the second dominant bacterium of its male parent. In the hybrid Jingdan 28, the second dominant bacterium Pseudomonas (12.78 %) was also the second dominant bacterium of its female parent, and its third dominant bacterium Sphingomonas (9.90 %) was the second dominant bacterium of its male parent and detected in its female parent. In the hybrid Jingyu 11, the first dominant bacterium Leclercia (73.85 %) was the third dominant bacterium of its male parent, and the second dominant bacterium Enterobacter (26.15 %) was detected in its male parent. As far as we know, this was the first research reported in China on the diversity of the endophytic bacterial communities of the seeds of various maize hybrids with different genotypes. © Springer-Verlag 2012. Source

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