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China Japan, China

Lei F.,China Japan Union Hospital
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

To explore the effects of rats adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) on the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts from the tympanic membrane, and to discuss the possibility and significance of therapy with ASC for tympanic membrane (TM) healing and regeneration. Wistar rats were sacrificed, and then the isolation, culture and identification of both ASC and the TM fibroblasts were performed respectively. To verify the effect of ASC on fibroblasts proliferation, transwell co-culture system was used. To examine the effect of ASC on fibroblasts migration, cell migration assay with transwell was also applied. All the data were analyzed under a confocal laser scan microscopy system. Immunofluorescence of cell surface markers indicated that rats ASC were positive for both of CD44 and CD29, but negative for CD34. The rat TM fibroblasts were positive for vimentin. The fibroblasts co-cultured with ASC proliferated faster than the fibroblasts of control group, and the difference of the cell counting number between the two groups was significant (t = 6.75, P = 0.003). Compared with the control group, the fibroblasts cultured with ASC conditioned culture medium migrated significantly faster, and the space between the fibroblasts and the polycarbonate membrane pore was significantly shortened at different time point (1, 2.5 and 4 h, P < 0.05). The cell number of the fibroblasts that had migrated through the polycarbonate membrane had been significantly increased 5 h after migration (P < 0.05). ASC might promote TM fibroblasts proliferation and migration by paracrine activation, and it will facilitate the regeneration of TM fibrous layer. Source

Wang Y.,Jilin University | Sun G.,China Japan Union Hospital | Ji Z.,Jilin University | Ji Z.,Inner Mongolia Normal University | And 3 more authors.

In previous work, we proposed a method for detecting differential gene expression based on change-point of expression profile. This non-parametric change-point method gave promising result in both simulation study and public dataset experiment. However, the performance is still limited by the less sensitiveness to the right bound and the statistical significance of the statistics has not been fully explored. To overcome the insensitiveness to the right bound we modified the original method by adding a weight function to the D n statistic. Simulation study showed that the weighted change-point statistics method is significantly better than the original NPCPS in terms of ROC, false positive rate, as well as change-point estimate. The mean absolute error of the estimated change-point by weighted change-point method was 0.03, reduced by more than 50% comparing with the original 0.06, and the mean FPR was reduced by more than 55%. Experiment on microarray Dataset I resulted in 3974 differentially expressed genes out of total 5293 genes; experiment on microarray Dataset II resulted in 9983 differentially expressed genes among total 12576 genes. In summary, the method proposed here is an effective modification to the previous method especially when only a small subset of cancer samples has DGE. © 2012 Wang et al. Source

Jiang X.D.,China Japan Union Hospital
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

To evaluate the effect of endoscopic surgery for nasal inverted papilloma. The clinical data of 89 patients treated with endoscopic surgery in our department from May 2003 to May 2008 were retrospectively analysed. The clinical classification was assessed by preoperative endoscopy and CT or MRI. All cases were routinely followed up from 1 to 5 years. The recurrence rates in group of endoscopic management and group of endoscopic plus Caldwell-Luc management were 12.5% and 11.8% respectively (chi(2) = 0.007, P > 0.05). The recurrence rates in group of grade I, grade II and group of grade III patients were 9.1% (5/55), 17.2% (5/29) and 20% (1/5) respectively (P > 0.05). The recurrence rate in the two times operation group (27.3%) was significantly higher than that in the one time group (7.5%, chi(2) = 4.311, P < 0.05). There were 70 lesions certified to be resected completely, six of these patients (8.6%) recurred. Nineteen lesions were certified to be resected uncompletely, five of these patients (26.3%) recurred. The difference was no significant (chi(2) = 2.860, P = 0.09). The endoscopic surgery in nasal inverted papillomas was an effective method with minimally invasiveness, but it still had a high recurrence. The pathological examine of surgical margin could partially judge the prognosis. Source

Wang S.,China Japan Union Hospital | Park J.K.,Johns Hopkins University | Duh E.J.,Johns Hopkins University
Current Diabetes Reports

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), characterized by pathologic retinal angiogenesis, is a major cause of blindness in the USA and globally. Treatments targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have emerged as a beneficial part of the therapeutic armamentarium for this condition, highlighting the utility of identifying and targeting specific pathogenic molecules. There continues to be active research into the molecular players regulating retinal angiogenesis, including pro-angiogenic factors, antiangiogenic factors, and integrins and matrix proteinases. New insights have been especially prominent regarding molecules which regulate specialized endothelial cells called tip cells, which play a lead role in endothelial sprouting. Together, these research efforts are uncovering new, important molecular regulators of retinal angiogenesis, which provide fertile areas for therapeutic exploration. This review discusses potential molecular targets, with an emphasis towards newer targets. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. Source

Zhang G.,Shandong University | Bi H.,Yantai Shan Hospital | Gao J.,China Japan Union Hospital | Lu X.,Yantai Shan Hospital | Zheng Y.,Shandong University
Cell Biochemistry and Function

WIN55,212-2, a cannabinoid receptor agonist, can activate cannabinoid receptors, which has proven anti-tumour effects in several tumour types. Studies showed that WIN can inhibit tumour cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in diverse cancers. However, the role and mechanism of WIN in osteosarcoma are still unclear. In this study, we examined the effect of WIN55,212-2 on osteosarcoma cell line Saos-2 in terms of cell viability and apoptosis. Meanwhile, we further explored the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy in apoptosis induced by WIN55,212-2. Our results showed that the cell proliferation of Saos-2 was inhibited by WIN55,212-2 in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. WIN55,212-2-induced Saos-2 apoptosis through mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Meanwhile, WIN55,212-2 can induce endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy in Saos-2 cells. Inhibition of autophagy and enhancement of endoplasmic reticulum stress increased apoptosis induced by WIN55,212-2 in Saos-2 cells. These findings indicated that WIN55,212-2 in combination with autophagic inhibitor or endoplasmic reticulum stress activator may shed new light on osteosarcoma treatment. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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