China Japan Union Hospital

Changchun, China

China Japan Union Hospital

Changchun, China
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Ma S.,Jilin University | Liu X.,Jilin University | Jiao B.,Jilin University | Yang Y.,Harbin Medical University | Liu X.,China Japan Union Hospital
International Journal of Radiation Biology | Year: 2010

Purpose:With the widespread use of ionising radiation, the risks of low-dose radiation have been increasingly highlighted for special attention. This review introduces the potential role of epigenetic elements in the regulation of the effects of low-dose radiation. Materials and methods:The related literature has been analysed according to the topics of DNA methylation, histone modifications, chromatin remodelling and non-coding RNA modulation in low-dose radiation responses. Results:DNA methylation and radiation can reciprocally regulate effects, especially in the low-dose radiation area. The relationship between histone methylation and radiation mainly exists in the high-dose radiation area; histone deacetylase inhibitors show a promising application to enhance radiation sensitivity, both in the low-dose and high-dose areas; phosphorylated histone 2 AX (H2AX) shows a low sensitivity with 115Gy irradiation as compared with lower dose radiation; and histone ubiquitination plays an important role in DNA damage repair mechanisms. Moreover, chromatin remodelling has an integral role in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks and the response of chromatin to ionising radiation. Finally, the effect of radiation on microRNA expression seems to vary according to cell type, radiation dose, and post-irradiation time point. Conclusion:Small advances have been made in the understanding of epigenetic regulation of low-dose radiation responses. Many questions and blind spots deserve to be investigated. Many new epigenetic elements will be identified in low-dose radiation responses, which may give new insights into the mechanisms of radiation response and their exploitation in radiotherapy. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.

Ma S.,Jilin University | Kong B.,Jilin University | Liu B.,Jilin University | Liu X.,Jilin University | Liu X.,China Japan Union Hospital
International Journal of Radiation Biology | Year: 2013

Purpose: With the widespread use of computed tomography (CT), the risks of low-dose radiation from CT have been increasingly highlighted. This study aims to illustrate the CT-induced biological effects and analyze the potential beneficial or harmful outcomes so as to provide radiologists with reasonable advice on CT usage. Materials and methods: The related literature was analyzed according to the topics of stochastic effect, hereditary effect, deterministic effect, accumulative injuries, hormesis and adaptive response; population epidemiology data were also analyzed. Results: CT accounts for 9% of X-ray examinations and approximately 40-67% of medical-related radiation, the dose is within the range of low-dose radiation (LDR). Two opposite viewpoints exist nowadays regarding the biological effects of CT scanning: They are either harmful or harmless. Approximately 0.6% and 1.5% of the cumulative cancer risk could be attributed to diagnostic X-rays in the UK and Germany, respectively. The probability of CT scans induced-cancer is about 0.7% and CT angiography's risk is around 0.13%. It is estimated that approximately 29,000 cancers could be related to CT scans in the USA every year. Meanwhile, another investigation of 25,104 patients who underwent 45,632 CT scans in 4 years showed that the majority of CT-induced cancers were accidents rather than certainties of frequent CT scans. Conclusion: Although the LDR effects of CT are still controversial, the current problems include the high frequency-use and abuse of CT scans, the increase of radiation dose and accumulative dose in high-accuracy CT, and the poor understanding of carcinogenic risks. The underlying biological basis needs further exploring and the ratio of risks and benefits should be considered. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd.

Liang N.,Jilin University | Jia L.,Jilin University | Liu Y.,Jilin University | Liang B.,Jilin University | And 5 more authors.
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2013

Background: ATM plays an important role in response to DNA damage, while the roles of ATM in radiation-induced autophagy are still unclear in cervical cancer cells. Methods: Human cervical cancer cells, Hela, were used, and cell models with ATM-/- and MAPK14-/- were established by gene engineering. Western blot was implemented to detect protein expression. MDC staining and GFP-LC3 relocalization were used to detect autophagy. CCK-8 was used to detect cell viability. Radiosensitivity was analyzed by colony formation assays. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to detect the interaction between different proteins, and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Results: After radiation autophagy was induced, illustrated by the increase of MAPLC3-II/MAPLC3-I ratio and decrease of p62, and phosphorylation of ATM simultaneously increased. ATM-/- cells displayed hypersensitivity but had no influence on IR-induced apoptosis. Then inhibitor of ATM, KU55933, ATM and MAPK14 silencing were used, and autophagy was induced by IR more than 200% in control, and only by 35.72%, 53.18% and 24.76% in KU55933-treated cells, ATM-/- and MAPK14-/- cells, respectively. KU55933 inhibited IR-induced autophagy by activating mTOR pathways. ATM silencing decreased the expression of MAPK14 and mTOR signals significantly. Beclin's bond to PI3KIII and their interaction increased after IR, while in ATM-/- and MAPK14-/- cells this interaction decreased after IR. Both ATM and MAPK14 interacted with Beclin, while ATM-/- and MAPK14-/- cells showed no interaction. Conclusions: ATM could promote IR-induced autophagy via the MAPK14 pathway, the mTOR pathway, and Beclin/PI3KIII complexes, which contributed to the effect of ATM on radiosensitivity. © 2013.

Liu X.,Jilin University | He M.,Jilin University | Hou Y.,Jilin University | Liang B.,Jilin University | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

The incidence of thyroid cancer has recently experienced a rapid increase in China, and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) accounts for nearly 80% of human thyroid cancers. In the present study, the differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes were identified in order to analyze the potential roles of miRNAs as biomarkers and in papillary thyroid carcinogenesis. One hundred and twenty-six PTC samples were collected from patients at the China-Japan Union Hospital, China, and the gene/miRNA expression profiles were examined with Illumina BeadChips and verified by real-time RT-PCR. Gene Ontology (GO) categories were determined, and pathway analysis was carried out using KEGG. miRNA target genes were predicted by implementing three computational analysis programs: TargetScanS, DIANA-microT and PicTar. Two hundred and forty-eight miRNAs and 3,631 genes were found to be significantly deregulated (gene, P<0.05; miRNA, P<0.01) in PTC tissues when compared with their matching normal thyroid tissues. hsa-miR-206 (target gene, MET), hsa-miR-299-3p (target gene, ITGAV), hsa-miR-101 (target gene, ITGA3), hsa-miR-103 (target gene, ITGA2), hsa-miR-222 (target genes, KIT and AXIN2), hsa-miR-15a (target genes, AXIN2 and FOXO1) and hsa-miR-221 (target gene, KIT) were identified. Together with the functions of the target genes, we further elucidated the role of miRNAs in papillary thyroid carcinogenesis and suggest the use of miRNAs as biomarkers for early diagnosis. Our findings provide the basis for future studies in the field of miRNA-based cancer therapy. © 2013 Spandidos Publications Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ma S.,Jilin University | Jiao B.,Jilin University | Liu X.,Jilin University | Yi H.,Jilin University | And 5 more authors.
Cancer Treatment Reviews | Year: 2010

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the 5th most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer-related death in the world with an estimated incidence of proximately 1 million new cases annually, has becoming a major global health problem in the world. A variety of treatment modalities, including resection, liver transplantation, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), local ablative therapy and radiation therapy (RT) have been reported. Although partial hepatectomy and liver transplantation may offer the best chance of cure, only 15% of the patients have the chance to be treated by surgery when diagnosed. The effectiveness of systemic chemotherapy for HCC has been minimal, and local ablative therapy may offer comparable survival in patients with small HCC and preserve liver function. Recently, with developments in radiotherapy techniques, radiotherapy has been shown to play potential roles in a wide spectrum of HCC and to become more important so that it is necessary to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy in treatment of HCC. This paper is aiming mainly at the current radiation therapy strategies and their current advances, the optimal radiation therapy strategies will complement the current treatments and improve the treatment efficiency. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.

Huang H.,Wilmer Eye Institute | He J.,Wilmer Eye Institute | He J.,Guangxi Tumor Hospital and Institute | Johnson D.,Wilmer Eye Institute | And 8 more authors.
Diabetes | Year: 2015

A new diabetic mouse strain, the Akita.PlGF knockout (-/-), was generated to study the role of placental growth factor (PlGF) in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). PlGF deletion did not affect blood glucose but reduced the body weight of Akita.PlGF-/- mice. Diabetes-induced retinal cell death, capillary degeneration, pericyte loss, and blood-retinal barrier breakdown were prevented in these mice. Protein expression of PlGF was upregulated by diabetes, particularly in vascular cells. Diabetes-induced degradation of ZO-1 and VE-cadherin was reversed due to PlGF deficiency; their expression was correlated with that of sonic hedgehog and angiopoietin-1. PlGF deletion in Akita mice resulted in an increased Akt phosphorylation. Diabetes-Activated hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)1a-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, including expression of HIF1α, VEGF, VEGFR1-3, and the extent of phospho (p)-VEGFR1, p-VEGFR2, and p-endothelial nitric oxide synthase, was inhibited in the retinas of diabetic PlGF-/- mice. However, expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, CD11b, and CD18 was not inhibited by PlGF deletion, nor was retinal leukostasis. These results suggest that PlGF is critical for the development of DR, and its genetic deletion protects the retina from diabetic damage. Protective mechanisms are associated with Akt activation and HIF1α-VEGF pathway inhibition, but independent of retinal leukostasis in the retinas of diabetic PlGF-/- mice. © 2015 by the American Diabetes Association.

Wang S.,China Japan Union Hospital | Park J.K.,Johns Hopkins University | Duh E.J.,Johns Hopkins University
Current Diabetes Reports | Year: 2012

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), characterized by pathologic retinal angiogenesis, is a major cause of blindness in the USA and globally. Treatments targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have emerged as a beneficial part of the therapeutic armamentarium for this condition, highlighting the utility of identifying and targeting specific pathogenic molecules. There continues to be active research into the molecular players regulating retinal angiogenesis, including pro-angiogenic factors, antiangiogenic factors, and integrins and matrix proteinases. New insights have been especially prominent regarding molecules which regulate specialized endothelial cells called tip cells, which play a lead role in endothelial sprouting. Together, these research efforts are uncovering new, important molecular regulators of retinal angiogenesis, which provide fertile areas for therapeutic exploration. This review discusses potential molecular targets, with an emphasis towards newer targets. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

Lei F.,China Japan Union Hospital
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2010

To explore the effects of rats adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) on the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts from the tympanic membrane, and to discuss the possibility and significance of therapy with ASC for tympanic membrane (TM) healing and regeneration. Wistar rats were sacrificed, and then the isolation, culture and identification of both ASC and the TM fibroblasts were performed respectively. To verify the effect of ASC on fibroblasts proliferation, transwell co-culture system was used. To examine the effect of ASC on fibroblasts migration, cell migration assay with transwell was also applied. All the data were analyzed under a confocal laser scan microscopy system. Immunofluorescence of cell surface markers indicated that rats ASC were positive for both of CD44 and CD29, but negative for CD34. The rat TM fibroblasts were positive for vimentin. The fibroblasts co-cultured with ASC proliferated faster than the fibroblasts of control group, and the difference of the cell counting number between the two groups was significant (t = 6.75, P = 0.003). Compared with the control group, the fibroblasts cultured with ASC conditioned culture medium migrated significantly faster, and the space between the fibroblasts and the polycarbonate membrane pore was significantly shortened at different time point (1, 2.5 and 4 h, P < 0.05). The cell number of the fibroblasts that had migrated through the polycarbonate membrane had been significantly increased 5 h after migration (P < 0.05). ASC might promote TM fibroblasts proliferation and migration by paracrine activation, and it will facilitate the regeneration of TM fibrous layer.

Jiang X.D.,China Japan Union Hospital
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2010

To evaluate the effect of endoscopic surgery for nasal inverted papilloma. The clinical data of 89 patients treated with endoscopic surgery in our department from May 2003 to May 2008 were retrospectively analysed. The clinical classification was assessed by preoperative endoscopy and CT or MRI. All cases were routinely followed up from 1 to 5 years. The recurrence rates in group of endoscopic management and group of endoscopic plus Caldwell-Luc management were 12.5% and 11.8% respectively (chi(2) = 0.007, P > 0.05). The recurrence rates in group of grade I, grade II and group of grade III patients were 9.1% (5/55), 17.2% (5/29) and 20% (1/5) respectively (P > 0.05). The recurrence rate in the two times operation group (27.3%) was significantly higher than that in the one time group (7.5%, chi(2) = 4.311, P < 0.05). There were 70 lesions certified to be resected completely, six of these patients (8.6%) recurred. Nineteen lesions were certified to be resected uncompletely, five of these patients (26.3%) recurred. The difference was no significant (chi(2) = 2.860, P = 0.09). The endoscopic surgery in nasal inverted papillomas was an effective method with minimally invasiveness, but it still had a high recurrence. The pathological examine of surgical margin could partially judge the prognosis.

Chen J.J.,China Japan Union Hospital
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi | Year: 2012

To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics and risk factors for patients with hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral infarction to provide guidance for its clinical treatment and prevention. In this study, data from 49 hospitalized patients with HT in the First Department of Neurology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from October 2009 to March 2012, were reviewed retrospectively and 106 cases with acute cerebral infarction only during the same period, were chosen randomly as controls. Gender and age of the patients were comparable. Relevant information was collected. SPSS 17.0 statistical package was applied for data processing. Qualitative data were processed with χ(2) test, and measurable data was processed with t-test. Each index was analyzed with uni-variate analysis while statistically significant risk factors were included in the logistic review model to conduct the multivariate regression analysis. (1) Clinical symptoms deteriorating after hemorrhage in 21 cases accounted for 42.9% of the HT group, among which the cases on degree of disturbance to consciousness had an aggravation in 8 cases and hemiplegia increase in another 7 cases. Headaches and dizziness were found in 5 cases. (2) Number of infarction within 15 days after the occurrence of HT accounted for 87.0%. (3) HT-related factors increased the risk of HT in cerebral infarction such as cortical infarction, large area of infarction, atrial fibrillation, cerebral embolism, diabetes and high level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.05). The most important factors were atrial fibrillation and cerebral embolism. (4) PH-2 seemed more unlikely to link with clinical symptoms than other subtypes of HT. Cerebral infarction after occlusion of the main artery trunk was prone to HT, especially when it appeared within 15 days. Short-term prognosis seemed to be related to the subtypes of HT, with risk factors as cortical infarct, massive cerebral infarction, atrial fibrillation, cerebral embolism, diabetes, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol etc. on HT.

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