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Zhao W.,China Agricultural University | Zhao W.,China Institute of Veterinary Drug Control IVDC | Zhou X.,China Agricultural University | Lu Y.,China Agricultural University | And 6 more authors.
DNA and Cell Biology | Year: 2014

Mycobacterium bovis is the etiological factor of bovine tuberculosis (BTB), posing a significant problem to domestic cattle. The bacterium is also zoonotic, affecting human health worldwide. Macrophage evasion of the bacterium involves mycobacterial molecules such as MB1684 (ornithine carbamoyltransferase) . In this study, we confirmed a concentration-dependent decrease in proliferation of Ana-1 macrophages when treated with rMB1684 when compared with mycobacterium bovis purified protein derivative of tuberculosis (MbPPD) or phosphate buffer solution incubation groups. We examined the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) upon exposure to MB1684, and its role in MB1684-induced upregulation of interferon (IFN)-γ and proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α) in Ana-1 macrophages. The levels of proinflammatory cytokines and IFN-γ were significantly high in MB1684-treated Ana-1 macrophages. The treatment led to an increase in NF-κB activation and a high expression of the just mentioned proinflammatory cytokines. NF-κB inhibition significantly abrogated MB1684-induced upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine mRNA expression, which suggests that MB1684-induced activation of NF-κB in turn stimulates gene expression of IFN-γ and proinflammatory cytokines in Ana-1 macrophages. The experiment was repeated in bone marrow macrophages, a more in-vivo-like model system, and similar results validated our conclusion. Further, we identified the possibility of the application of MB1684 antigen for the detection of BTB in cattle serum. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014.

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