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Tian F.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | He C.N.,Tianjin University
Materials Chemistry and Physics | Year: 2010

The synthesis of carbon nanospheres (CNSs) by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of methane on catalyst of Ni-Al composite powders was reported. The influence factors on the growth morphology of CNSs, such as reaction temperature, reaction time and different carrier gases concerning hydrogen, nitrogen as well as no carrier gas were investigated using transmission electron microscope. The results showed that the reaction temperature had great effect on the structure of CNSs, higher temperature led to high-crystallized CNSs with high purity. The reaction time brought no significant influence to the structure of CNSs, but the average diameter of the CNSs was obviously increased with prolonging the reaction time. Relatively pure CNSs could be obtained with hydrogen as the carrier gas but with poor product rate compared with the CNSs with no carrier gas. Proper amount of CNSs with pure characteristic could be obtained with nitrogen as the carrier gas. Finally, a growth mechanism of dissolution-precipitation-diffusion is proposed for elucidating the growth process of general CNSs. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Li F.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | Liu C.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | Yang J.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | Wang Z.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | And 2 more authors.
RSC Advances | Year: 2014

Carbon dots (CDs) with quantum yield up to 83% have been synthesized with a Mg/N double doping fluorescence-enhanced strategy. Besides N-mediated surface passivation by ethylenediamine, the Mg-citric acid chelate played the roles of introducing Mg and preserving the carboxyl group, both greatly contributing to the photoluminescence enhancement of the final CDs. Importantly, the N- and Mg-doping functioned in concert without mutual influence. Source


Zhang C.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Gao S.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Jiang W.,CAS Institute of Microbiology | Lin S.,CAS Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular | And 5 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2010

Targeted gene delivery systems have attracted great attention due to their potential in directing the therapeutic genes to the target cells. However, due to their low efficiency, most of the successful applications of polymeric vectors have been focused on genes which can achieve robust expression. Minicircle DNA (mcDNA) is a powerful candidate in terms of improving gene expression and prolonging the lifespan of gene expression. In this study, we have combined folate/poly(ethylene glycol) modified polyethylenimine and mcDNA as a new tumor gene delivery system. We found that folate-labeled polyplexes were homogenous, with a size ranging from 60 to 85 nm. mcDNA increased folate-labeled vector based gene expression 2-8 fold in folate receptor-positive cells. Results of folic acid competition assay indicated that mcDNA mediated by folate-labeled vector were internalized into cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis. The investigation of the endocytosis pathway of the polyplexes showed that a large portion of them escaped from endo/lysosome and the polyplexes were associated before being separated in the nucleus. Furthermore, in vivo optical imaging and luciferase assays demonstrated that systemic delivery of the folate-labeled polyplexes resulted in preferential accumulation of transgenes in folate receptor-positive tumors, and mcDNA mediated approach achieved 2.3 fold higher gene expressions in tumors than conventional plasmid. Cytotoxicity assays showed that PEG-shielding of the polyplexes reduced the toxicity of PEI. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Wang X.,China Institute of Medical Equipment
Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi | Year: 2013

We have designed a mobile operating room information management system. The system is composed of a client and a server. A client, consisting of a PC, medical equipments, PLC and sensors, provides the acquisition and processing of anesthesia and micro-environment data. A server is a powerful computer that stores the data of the system. The client gathers the medical device data by using the C/S mode, and analyzes the obtained HL7 messages through the class library call. The client collects the micro-environment information with PLC, and finishes the data reading with the OPC technology. Experiment results showed that the designed system could manage the patient anesthesia and micro-environment information well, and improve the efficiency of the doctors' works and the digital level of the mobile operating room. Source


Wang Q.-S.,Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang Q.-S.,China Institute of Medical Equipment | Tian J.-S.,Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Tian J.-S.,Shanxi University | And 2 more authors.
Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Genipin, an important bioactive component from Gardenia jasminoides Eills, was demonstrated to possess antidepressant-like effects in a previous study. However, the molecular mechanism of antidepressant-like effects on genipin was not clear. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanism of antidepressant-like effects on genipin with a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depression model in rats. In CUMS-induced depressive rats, bodyweight and 1% sucrose consumption decreased significantly compared with the normal control group. Furthermore, these changes could be significantly reversed by genipin application. The levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) in the hippocampus decreased and the level of 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) increased in the CUMS-induced depressive rats. However, pre-treatments with genipin significantly increased the levels of 5-HT, NE and decreased the level of 5-HIAA in the hippocampus. The concentration of cAMP in the hippocampus was increased by genipin compared to the CUMS-exposed model group. The mRNA expressions of 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor (5-HT1AR), cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in rats were decreased exposed to CUMS, which were reversed by genipin-treated rats exposed to CUMS. Compared to the CUMS-exposed model group, the mRNA expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) was decreased significantly by genipin-treated rats. The mRNA and protein expression of CREB, BDNF were increased in genipin-treated rats compared to the CUMS-exposed model group. Moreover, the levels of corticosterone in serum were decreased by genipin-treated compared to the CUMS-exposed model group. These results suggest that the possible mechanism of antidepressant-like effects on genipin, at least in one part, resulted from monoaminergic neurotransmitter system and the potential dysfunctional regulation of the post-receptor signaling pathway, which particularly affected the 5-HT1AR, 5-HT2AR and BDNF levels in the hippocampus. © 2014 IBRO. Source

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