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Liu D.,Xinjiang University | Jiang Z.,CAS Institute of Zoology | Chu H.,Xinjiang University | Wong H.,China Exploration and Research Society | And 2 more authors.
Acta Theriologica Sinica | Year: 2013

From July to August in 2011 and 2012, we studied the nocturnal activity rhythms and time budgets of Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber birulai) in the Bulgan Beaver Nature Reserve of Xinjiang, China. The results indicated that C. f. birulai had obvious periodic activities with activity peaks at dawn and dusk. The beavers spent 69.5% of their time foraging, 24.5% moving, 3.4% grooming, 0.4% on vigilance and 2.2% on the other activities. Pearson's correlation test indicated that there were positive correlations between movements and vigilance behavior, there also were highly significant negative correlations between foraging behavior and movements, and between grooming and other behaviors, and a significant negative correlation between foraging and vigilance behavior. The results of Mann-Whitney U test revealed that age did not affect the behaviors of C. f. birulai. Source

Li X.,CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology | Bleisch W.V.,China Exploration and Research Society | Jiang X.,CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Understanding the status and spatial distribution of endangered species in biologically and ethnologically diverse areas is important to address correlates of cultural and biological diversity. We developed models for endangered musk deer (Moschus spp.) abundance indices in and around protected areas inhabited by different ethnic groups in northwest Yunnan China to address different anthropogenic and management-related questions. We found that prediction of relative abundance of musk deer was best accomplished using ethnicity of settlements, conservation status and poaching pressure in an area. Musk deer were around 5 times more abundant in Tibetan regions relative to Lisu regions. We found no significant negative correlates of gathering and transhumance activities on musk deer abundance. Hunting pressure showed no significant differences between protected and non-protected areas, but showed significant differences among ethnic groups. Hunting pressures in areas adjacent to Lisu settlements was 7.1 times more than in areas adjacent to Tibetan settlements. Our findings indicate protected areas in southwest China are not fully effective in deterring human disturbance caused by traditional practices. We suggest that conservation and management strategies should engage traditional culture and practices with a positive conservation impact. Better understanding of indigenous culture may open up new opportunities for species conservation in much wider tracts of unprotected and human-dominated lands. Traditional practices that are not destructive to biodiversity should be allowed as a way of providing a link between the local communities and protected areas thereby creating incentives for conservation. © 2016 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Liu Q.,CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology | Liu Q.,Southwest forestry University | Li F.-S.,International Crane Foundation | Buzzard P.,China Exploration and Research Society | And 5 more authors.
Wilson Journal of Ornithology | Year: 2012

We equipped five Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) with satellite transmitters between February and November 2009 to investigate their migration routes between breeding areas and wintering area at Napahai Marsh (3,260 m asl), China. We identified the Shaluli Mountain region (southwest Sichuan), including Daocheng, Litang, Baiyu, and Xinlong counties as a new breeding area with a mean elevation of 4,330 m asl. Four of five tracked cranes spent the summer in Daocheng County. The fifth crane was there briefly and then moved north to Baiyu and Xinlong counties. The distance between Napahai Marsh and Daocheng County (∼180 km) is one of the shortest migration routes among crane species, but covered an elevation increase of ∼1,200 m. The migration route of the fifth crane was ∼400 km in length and occurred over 2 or 5 days in spring 2009 and 2010, respectively, and 19 days in fall 2009 with five stopovers. © 2012 by the Wilson Ornithological Society. Source

Buzzard P.J.,China Exploration and Research Society | Wong H.M.,China Exploration and Research Society | Zhang H.,China Exploration and Research Society
ORYX | Year: 2012

Females in most populations of chiru or Tibetan antelope Pantholops hodgsonii migrate up to 350 km each year to summer calving grounds. These migrations characterize the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau. The Ullughusu calving grounds adjacent to the Arjinshan Nature Reserve in Xinjiang, China, are used by multiple chiru populations and this calving ground recovered from major poaching events in 1998 and 1999, with a population increase from 2001 to 2006. We used direct methods (vehicle/walking transects and radial point sampling) and an indirect method (faecal pellet counts) from 30 June to 4 July 2011 to assess the chiru population at this calving ground. We saw substantially more chiru with all methods in 2011 compared to 2006, demonstrating that the population has increased and suggesting that conservation efforts have been effective. © 2012 Fauna & Flora International. Source

Buzzard P.J.,China Exploration and Research Society | Zhang H.B.,Arjinshan Nature Reserve Management | Xu D.H.,Arjinshan Nature Reserve Management | Wong H.M.,China Exploration and Research Society
ORYX | Year: 2010

The wild yak Bos mutus is one of the most charismatic members of the Tibet/Qinghai Plateau fauna, and 19th century explorers to the plateau described vast herds. Overhunting, in particular, has greatly reduced wild yak populations and forced them into remote areas. The species is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and as a Class 1 protected animal in China. Introgression with domestic yaks is another threat, and the wild yak population of the Arjinshan Nature Reserve is particularly important because Uigher herders in and around Arjinshan do not have the tradition of raising yaks. We provide information on the status of the wild yak in Arjinshan based on observations in 1993 and on vehicle surveys during 1998-2009 and point samples from 2009. The steppes of north-east Arjinshan are the most important area, and we saw c. 1,700 yaks there in winter 2008. We saw more yaks in the north-east on similar routes driven in winter 2008 compared to winter 2005, suggesting that the wild yak population in Arjinshan is stable or increasing. © 2010 Fauna & Flora International. Source

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