Han Y.,China Academy of science
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) | Year: 2010
Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.
Wang D.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology |
Zhang S.,China Academy of Science
2012 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering, RSETE 2012 - Proceedings | Year: 2012
It is of significance to study landscape patterns and their dynamic change. Based on RS and GIS, the dynamic change of landscape pattern in Sanjiang Plain from 1976 to 2000 is quantitatively analyzed with a change matrix and seven landscape indices. The results showed that the spatial pattern in Sanjiang Plain has been significantly changed over the past 24 years. The increasing farmland was due to the conversion from marsh and grassland. The analysis of landscape indices indicated that the landscape tended to fragmentation and irregularity. In a word, the dynamic changes of landscape pattern in Sanjiang Plain were caused by population increase, and the irrational exploitation and utilization of natural resources. The study results can provide the references for optimizing the landscape pattern and conserving the wild plants and animals. © 2012 IEEE.
Wang R.,China Academy of Science |
Wang R.,U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory |
Wang R.,Peking University |
Carilli C.L.,U.S. National Radio Astronomy Observatory |
And 10 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2010
We report our new observations of redshifted carbon monoxide emission from six z ∼ 6 quasars, using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. CO (6-5) or (5-4) line emission was detected in all six sources. Together with two other previous CO detections, these observations provide unique constraints on the molecular gas emission properties in these quasar systems close to the end of the cosmic re-ionization. Complementary results are also presented for low-J CO lines observed at the Green Bank Telescope and the Very Large Array, and dust continuum from five of these sources with the SHARC-II bolometer camera at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. We then present a study of the molecular gas properties in our combined sample of eight CO-detected quasars at z 6. The detections of high-order CO line emission in these objects indicates the presence of highly excited molecular gas, with estimated masses on the order of 1010 M ⊙ within the quasar host galaxies. No significant difference is found in the gas mass and CO line width distributions between our z ∼ 6 quasars and samples of CO-detected 1.4 ≤ z ≤ 5 quasars and submillimeter galaxies. Most of the CO-detected quasars at z ∼ 6 follow the far-infrared-CO luminosity relationship defined by actively star-forming galaxies at low and high redshifts. This suggests that ongoing star formation in their hosts contributes significantly to the dust heating at FIR wavelengths. The result is consistent with the picture of galaxy formation co-eval with supermassive black hole (SMBH) accretion in the earliest quasar-host systems. We investigate the black hole-bulge relationships of our quasar sample, using the CO dynamics as a tracer for the dynamical mass of the quasar host. The median estimated black hole-bulge mass ratio is about 15 times higher than the present-day value of 0.0014. This places important constraints on the formation and evolution of the most massive SMBH-spheroidal host systems at the highest redshift. © 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Huang K.,China Academy of Science |
Huang K.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Shi P.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Cao G.W.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
And 4 more authors.
Optics Letters | Year: 2011
We demonstrate that the amplitude of vector-vortex beams has a Bessel-Gauss (BG) distribution through a rigorous vector electromagnetic analysis. We also investigate the intensity profiles in the focal plane of vector-vortex beams that are focused by a high numerical-aperture lens obeying the Helmholtz condition. Although the intensity of a vector-vortex BG beam with a topological charge n = 1 is nonzero along the axis in the focal plane, the beams with n ≠ 1 show discrete multiple spots which can be useful for optical trapping. © 2011 Optical Society of America.
Shi P.,China Academy of Science |
Shi P.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Huang K.,China Academy of Science |
Kang X.-L.,China Academy of Science |
And 2 more authors.
Optics Express | Year: 2010
A two-dimensional anisotropic annular photonic crystal slab structure composed of circular air holes and dielectric rods with finite thickness in a triangular lattice is presented to achieve an absolute photonic band gap. Positive uniaxial crystal Tellurium is introduced to the structure with the extraordinary axis parallel to the extension direction of rods. The role of each geometric parameter is investigated by employing the conjugate-gradient method. A large mid-gap ratio is realized by the parameter optimization. A flat band called as anomalous group velocity within two large gaps is discovered and can be widely applied in many fields. A hybrid structure with GaAs slab and Te rods is designed to achieve a large gap and demonstrates that the annular structure can improve the gap effectively. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Hou R.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research |
Hou R.,China Academy of Science |
Hou R.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Ouyang Z.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research |
And 7 more authors.
Soil Science Society of America Journal | Year: 2012
A suitable tillage-residue management system is needed in the North China Plain (NCP) that sustains soil fertility and agronomic productivity. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of different tillageresidue managements for a winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and summer maize (Zea mays L.) double-crop system on soil organic carbon (SOC) and total N pools. No-tillage with residue cover (NTR), no-tillage with residue removed and manure applied (NTRRM), and conventional tillage with residue removed (CTRR) were investigated for 6 yr, based on a uniform N application among treatments. Soil samples were collected at six depths and changes in SOC and total N pools were analyzed. Treatments of NTRRM and NTR sequestered more SOC and total N in the 0-to 5-cm depth than CTRR. In the subsoil (5-60 cm), annual SOC sequestration was 0.01 and-0.40 Mg ha -1 yr -1 for NTRRM and NTR, respectively, while CTRR exhibited a significantly positive SOC pool trend. In the whole soil profile (0-60 cm), NTRRM, NTR, and CTRR sequestered SOC at the rates of 0.66, 0.27 and 2.24 Mg ha -1 yr -1. When manure was applied to substitute for the N lost from residue removal, the NTRRM tended to accumulate more SOC than NTR, and had similar accumulation as NTR in total N pools, grain yield, and aboveground biomass. Crop residue could be substituted by manure in this double-crop, irrigated system. Conventional tillage, with residue removed, was suitable in soil fertility and agronomic productivity relative to NTRRM and NTR in the NCP. © Soil Science Society of America.
Yang J.,Peking University |
Quan J.,Georgia Institute of Technology |
Yan B.,China Academy of Science |
He C.,Peking University
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice | Year: 2016
As a response to severe urban congestion, megacities in China have sped up investment in urban rail transit. How effective urban rail investment and relevant planning activities can attract development in China's megacities has rarely been studied. Using eight years' land transaction data in Beijing (2004-2011), this research finds that the market environment in general supports higher density development around transit stations. However, relevant land market regulations and planning practices may prevent the development outcome from reaching its market potential. City governments should adjust existing planning and policy efforts, including more transparent and open process for station location selection, a better articulated investment program that improves transit service, social service and infrastructure quality in suburbs, a shift toward transaction modes of more competition, and a development guidance that grants density bonus to projects closer to metro stations. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Yu J.,China Academy of science |
Di Y.,China Academy of science |
Dong K.,China Academy of science |
Nan K.,China Academy of science
Huazhong Keji Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Natural Science Edition) | Year: 2011
The concept of Internet collaborative environment and cloud computing were introduced, and the evolution of service mode for Internet collaborative environment when adopting the cloud computing technology was analyzed. Then a cloud service oriented Internet collaborative environment was constructed based on grid computing and cloud computing named as ResearchOnline. ResearchOnline aimes to provide collaborative virtual machine using virtualization technology, heterogeneous resource integration using grid computing, and extensibility using multiple portal configuration techonolgy. ResearchOnline helps researchers to create a collaborative platform only with simple steps, which would simplify the collaborative application and enhance the transparent of the system. Several excellent applications were illustrated to prove that ResearchOnline is useful for scientists in CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences).
Yang J.,Georgia Institute of Technology |
Fang C.,China Academy of science |
Ross C.,Georgia Institute of Technology |
Song G.,Georgia Institute of Technology
Transportation Research Record | Year: 2011
Improved mobility and accessibility for passengers and goods provide competitive advantages for megaregions. This article describes the trends in mobility in China's top three megaregions-the Capital Economic Zone, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta-and how megaregional planning has led to solutions to the challenges of mobility. China's experience is compared with trends in megaregions in the United States and the European Union. This comparative context confirms that existing trends in China's regional mobility carry severe energy and environmental challenges and that China's movement toward rail, particularly high-speed rail, provides a better chance to mitigate congestion and pollution problems.
PubMed | CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, China Academy of science and China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta pharmacologica Sinica | Year: 2016
To examine the biological consequences and demographic factors that might affect the pharmacokinetics of vitamin D3 after a single high dose intervention in a young Chinese population with vitamin D insufficiency status.A total of 28 young subjects (25 to 35 years old) with vitamin D insufficiency status [serum 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL] was recruited in Shanghai, China. The subjects were orally administered a single high dose of vitamin D3 (300 000 IU). Baseline characteristics and blood samples were collected at d 0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 28, 56, 84 and 112 after the intervention. The blood biomarker levels were determined with standardized methods.The intervention markedly increased the blood 25(OH)D3 levels within the first five days (mean TThe pharmacokinetics of vitamin D after intervention were influenced by baseline 25(OH)D3 levels and the body weight of the subjects. The results suggest that a single high oral vitamin D3 intervention is safe and efficient for improving the vitamin D status of young Chinese people with vitamin D insufficiency.