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Dortmund, Germany

Diel P.,German Sport University Cologne | Schiffer T.,German Sport University Cologne | Geisler S.,German Sport University Cologne | Hertrampf T.,German Sport University Cologne | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology | Year: 2010

Myostatin propeptide (MYOPRO) and follistatin (FOLLI) are potent myostatin inhibitors. In this study we analysed effects of training and androgens on MYOPRO and FOLLI concentrations in blood and skeletal muscle using Immuno PCR. Young healthy males performed either a 3-month endurance training or a strength training. Blood and biopsy samples were analysed. Training did not significantly affect MYOPRO and FOLLI concentrations in serum and muscle. To investigate whether total skeletal muscle mass may affect circulating MYOPRO and FOLLI levels, blood samples of tetraplegic patients, untrained volunteers and bodybuilders were analysed. MYOPRO was significantly increased exclusively in the bodybuilder group. In orchiectomised rats MYOPRO increased in blood and muscle after treatment with testosterone. In summary our data demonstrate that moderate training does not affect the concentrations of MYOPRO to FOLLI. In contrast androgen treatment results in a significant increase of MYOPRO in skeletal muscle and serum. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Schulte-Zweckel J.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology | Rosi F.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology | Sreenu D.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology | Schroder H.,Chimera Biotec GmbH | And 2 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2016

Protein microarrays represent important tools for biomedical analysis. We have recently described the use of the biarsenical-tetracysteine (TC) tag for the preparation of protein microarrays. The unique feature of this tag enables the site-specific immobilization of TC-containing proteins on biarsenical-modified surfaces, resulting in a fluorescence enhancement that allows the direct quantification of the immobilized proteins. Moreover, the reversibility of the binding upon incubation with large quantities of thiols permits the detachment of the proteins from the surface, thereby enabling recovery of the substrate to extend the life time of the slide. Herein, we describe our recent results that further extend the applicability of the CrAsH/TC tag to the fabrication of biochips. With this aim, the immobilization of proteins on surfaces has been investigated using two different spacers and two TC tags, the minimal TC sequence (CCPGCC) and an optimized motif (FLNCCPGCCMEP). While the minimal peptide motif enables a rapid recycling of the slide, the optimized TC sequence reveals an increased affinity due to its greater resistance to displacement by thiols. Moreover, the developed methodology was applied to the immobilization of proteins via on-chip ligation of recombinant protein thioesters. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI. Source

Kampe T.,TU Dortmund | Konig A.,TU Dortmund | Schroeder H.,TU Dortmund | Schroeder H.,Chimera Biotec GmbH | And 3 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2014

We present a microfluidic device for coupled phase I/phase II metabolic reactions in vitro. The chip consists of microchannels, which are used as packed bed reactor compartments, filled with superparamagnetic microparticles bearing recombinant microsomal phase I cytochrome P450 or phase II conjugating enzymes (UDP-glucuronosyltransferase). Online coupling of the microfluidic device with LC/MS enabled the quantitative assessment of coupled phase I/phase II transformations, as demonstrated for two different substrates, 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin (BFC) and dextromethorphan (DEX). In contrast, conventional sequential one-pot incubations did not generate measurable amounts of phase II metabolites. Because the microfluidic device is readily assembled from standard parts and can be equipped with a variety of recombinant enzymes, it provides a modular platform to emulate and investigate hepatic metabolism processes, with particular potential for targeted small-scale synthesis and identification of metabolites formed by sequential action of specific enzymes. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Huber R.,University Hospital Freiburg | Eisenbraun J.,Abnoba GmbH | Miletzki B.,CenTrial GmbH | Adler M.,Chimera Biotec GmbH | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2010

Purpose: Knowledge of natural mistletoe lectins (nML) pharmacokinetics can be regarded as essential for further rational studies with mistletoe preparations. Studies with intravenous application of a recombinant type II ribosome inactivating protein (rML) analogous to nML revealed a short half-life of about 13 min in cancer patients. This open-label, phase I, monocenter clinical trial was performed in order to describe the pharmacokinetics of nML. Methods: In 15 healthy male volunteers aged 18-42 years, nML were detected with a modified sandwich immuno-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique (Imperacer®, Chimera Biotec) after single subcutaneous injection of a mistletoe extract (abnobaVISCUM® Fraxini 20 mg) with marketing authorization containing about 20 μg nML/ml. Secondary objectives were safety and the number of activated natural killer cells (CD54+/CD94+). Results: In none of the volunteers were nML detectable before the injection, and in all volunteers, nML were detected in serum samples after injection. Individual variability, however, was large. Mean and median peak concentrations were reached 1 and 2 h after injection, respectively. In some volunteers, nML were still detectable at the final investigation 2 weeks after injection. The injection resulted in fever and flu-like symptoms in all volunteers, but no serious adverse events occurred. All symptoms and local reactions at the injection site completely disappeared within a range of 4-95 days. The number of activated natural killer (NK) cells did not change. Conclusions: Natural ML from abnobaVISCUM® Fraxini 20 mg are detectable in serum after a single subcutaneous injection. Detectability is considerably longer compared with intravenously administered rML. The subcutaneous injection of this preparation without usual pretreatment with lower doses results in short-lasting fever and other flu-like symptoms. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Fischer S.K.,Genentech | Joyce A.,Pfizer | Spengler M.,Chimera Biotec GmbH | Yang T.-Y.,Janssen R&D LLC | And 3 more authors.
AAPS Journal | Year: 2015

Ligand binding assays (LBAs) have been the method of choice for protein analyte measurements for more than four decades. Over the years, LBA methods have improved in sensitivity and achieved larger dynamic ranges by using alternative detection systems and new technologies. As a consequence, the landscape and application of immunoassay platforms has changed dramatically. The introduction of bead-based methods, coupled with single molecule detection standardization and the ability to amplify assay signals, has improved the sensitivity of many immunoassays, in some cases by several logs of magnitude. Three promising immunoassay platforms are described in this article: Single Molecule Counting (SMC™) from Singulex Inc, Single Molecule Arrays (Simoa™) from Quanterix Corporation, and Immuno-PCR (Imperacer®) from Chimera Biotec GmbH. These platforms have the potential to significantly improve immunoassay sensitivity and thereby address the bioanalytical needs and challenges faced during biopharmaceutical drug development. © 2014, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists. Source

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