Lawrence J.W.,CUNY - College of Staten Island |
Qadri A.,CUNY - College of Staten Island |
Cadogan J.,Bristol Royal Hospital for Children |
Cadogan J.,Childrens Burns Research Center |
And 2 more authors.
Burns | Year: 2016
This investigation surveyed burn health professionals in the UK and US to investigate the psychosocial issues facing burn survivors and the psychological services available to them through their burns service. Methods One hundred and sixty six burn care professionals (132 from the United States and 34 from the United Kingdom) from 76 different hospitals (60 in the US and 16 in the UK) completed an online survey. Mental health practitioners (MHPs) answered questions regarding their psychotherapy practice with burn survivors. Results Respondents reported that psychosocial issues are common among burn survivors. Burn teams in the UK were more likely than those in the US to include psychologists, but social workers were more common in the US. Participants reported that routine screening for psychosocial issues was more common in the UK than the US, and indicated it was easier for burn survivors to access mental health care after discharge in the UK. Burn services in both countries routinely referred burn survivors to support organizations such as the Phoenix Society or Changing Faces. The preferred mental health treatment modality in the UK was psychotherapy without medications. Reported psychotropic medications use was more common in the US. MHPs had two primary orientations - eclectic and cognitive behavioral therapy. Among MHPs there was a modest tendency to favor evidence-based interventions. Discussion The provision of mental health services varies between these two countries. Creating international standards for assessing and treating psychosocial complications of burns could facilitate the improvement of burn mental health services. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.