Bouche G.,Anticancer Fund |
Andre N.,Metronomics Global Health Initiative |
Andre N.,Aix - Marseille University |
Andre N.,Childrens Hospital of La Timone |
And 24 more authors.
ecancermedicalscience | Year: 2014
The Fourth Metronomic and Anti-angiogenic Therapy Meeting was held in Milan 24-25 June 2014. The meeting was a true translational meeting where researchers and clinicians shared their results, experiences, and insights in order to continue gathering useful evidence on metronomic approaches. Several speakers emphasised that exact mechanisms of action, best timing, and optimal dosage are still not well understood and that the field would learn a lot from ancillary studies performed during the clinical trials of metronomic chemotherapies. From the pre-clinical side, new research findings indicate additional possible mechanisms of actions of metronomic schedule on the immune and blood vessel compartments of the tumour micro-environment. New clinical results of metronomic chemotherapy were presented in particular in paediatric cancers [especially neuroblastoma and central nervous system (CNS) tumours], in angiosarcoma (together with beta-blockers), in hepatocellular carcinoma, in prostate cancer, and in breast cancer. The use of repurposed drugs such as metformin, celecoxib, or valproic acid in the metronomic regimen was reported and highlighted the potential of other candidate drugs to be repurposed. The clinical experiences from low- and middle-income countries with affordable regimens gave very encouraging results which will allow more patients to be effectively treated in economies where new drugs are not accessible. Looking at the impact of metronomic approaches that have been shown to be effective, it was admitted that those approaches were rarely used in clinical practice, in part because of the absence of commercial interest for companies. However, performing well-designed clinical trials of metronomic and repurposing approaches demonstrating substantial improvement, especially in populations with the greatest unmet needs, may be an easier solution than addressing the financial issue. Metronomics should always be seen as a chance to come up with new innovative affordable approaches and not as a cheap rescue strategy. © the authors; licensee ecancermedicalscience.
Le Meignen M.,Hospital lArchet II |
Auquier P.,Research Unit EA 3279 |
Barlogis V.,Childrens Hospital of La Timone |
Sirvent N.,Hospital Arnaud Of Villeneuve |
And 11 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011
Femoral and lumbar bone mineral densities (BMDs) were measured in 159 adults enrolled in the Leucémies de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent program, a French prospective multicentric cohort of childhood leukemia survivors. BMDs were expressed as Z-scores, and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to construct association models with potential risk factors. Mean age at evaluation and follow-up was 23 and 14.7 years, respectively. In the whole cohort, mean femoral Z-score was -0.19 ± 0.08. Two factors were associated with lower femoral BMD transplantation (-0.49 ± 0.15 vs -0.04 ± 0.10 in the chemotherapy group; P = .006) and female sex (-0.34 ± 0.10 vs -0.03 ± 0.13; P = .03). Among patients who received a transplant, the only significant risk factor was hypogonadism (-0.88 ± 0.16 vs -0.10 ± 0.23; P = .04). A slight reduction in lumbar BMD (mean Z-score, -0.37 ± 0.08) was detected in the whole cohort without difference between the transplantation and chemotherapy groups. Among patients who received a transplant, younger age at transplantation was correlated with a low lumbar BMD (P = .03). We conclude that adults who had received only chemotherapy for childhood leukemia have a slight reduction in their lumbar BMD and a normal femoral BMD. Patients who received a transplant with gonadal deficiency have a reduced femoral BMD which might increase the fracture risk later in life. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.