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Omaha, NE, United States

Fairbrother G.,AcademyHealth | Trudnak T.,AcademyHealth | Christopher R.,Health Partners Consulting | Mansour M.,Childrens Hospital and Medical Center | Mandel K.,University of Missouri
Health Affairs | Year: 2014

The Cincinnati, Ohio, metropolitan area was one of seventeen US communities to participate in the federal Beacon Community Cooperative Agreement Program to demonstrate how health information technology (IT) could be used to improve health care. Given $13.7 million to spend in thirty-one months, the Cincinnati project involved hundreds of physicians, eighty-seven primary care practices, eighteen major hospital partners, and seven federally qualified health centers and community health centers. The thrust of the program was to build a shared health IT infrastructure to support quality improvement through data exchange, registries, and alerts that notified primary care practices when a patient visited an emergency department or was admitted to a hospital. A special focus of this program was on applying these tools to adult patients with diabetes and pediatric patients with asthma. Despite some setbacks and delays, the basic technology infrastructure was built, the alert system was implemented, nineteen practices focusing on diabetes improvement were recognized as patient-centered medical homes, and many participants agreed that the program had helped transform care. However, the experience also demonstrated that the ability to transfer data was limited in electronic health record systems; that considerable effort was required to adapt technology to support quality improvement; and that the ambitious agenda required more time for planning, training, and implementation than originally thought. © 2014 Project HOPE- The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

Rockhill C.M.,University of Washington | Jaffe K.,Childrens Hospital and Medical Center | Zhou C.,University of Washington | Fan M.-Y.,University of Washington | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Neurotrauma | Year: 2012

A cohort design was used to determine the contribution of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and psychiatric illness to health care costs for adolescents and adults in the 3 years following mild or moderate-to-severe TBI compared to a matched cohort without TBI, controlling for confounders. In all, 3756 subjects 15 years or older from a large health maintenance organization database were examined. We identified subjects who sustained a TBI in 1993 (n=939) and selected three control subjects per TBI-exposed subject (n=2817), matched for age, sex, and enrollment at the time of injury. Unadjusted mean costs in 2009-adjusted dollars were compared using Kruskal-Wallis tests and Mann-Whitney U tests, and adjusted mean costs were compared using gamma regression analyses. Average costs were 76% higher in the 3 years after injury for the mild TBI group, and 5.75 times greater for the moderate-to-severe TBI group compared to controls. The presence of psychiatric illness was associated with more than doubling of total costs for both inpatient and outpatient non-mental health care. Gamma regression analyses confirmed significantly higher costs in patients with TBI or psychiatric illness. A significant interaction between moderate-to-severe TBI and psychiatric illness indicated a 3.39 times greater cost among patients with both exposures compared with those exposed to moderate-to-severe TBI without psychiatric illness. TBI and psychiatric illness were each associated with significant increases in health care costs; those with the combination of moderate-to-severe TBI and psychiatric illness had much higher costs than any other group. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Yetman A.T.,Childrens Hospital and Medical Center | Starr L.J.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Bleyl S.B.,University of Utah | Meyers L.,University of Utah | Delaney J.W.,University of Nebraska Medical Center
Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Mutations in the gene ACTA2 are a recognized cause of aortic aneurysms with aortic dissection in adulthood. Recently, a specific mutation (Arg179His) in this gene has been associated with multisystem smooth muscle dysfunction presenting in childhood. We describe 3 patients with an R179H mutation, all of whom presented with an aneurysmal patent ductus arteriosus. Detailed information on the rate of aortic disease progression throughout childhood is provided. Death or need for ascending aortic replacement occurred in all patients. Genetic testing for ACTA2 mutations should be considered in all infants presenting with ductal aneurysms. © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Marsh K.,Childrens Hospital and Medical Center
Neonatal Network | Year: 2012

Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), which occurs in less than 1 in every 50,000 infants and children, is a rare syndrome first noted in literature by Mellins in 1970. Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome is a condition in which the patient loses the drive to breathe during deep sleep and can mimic many diseases. Until recently, CCHS has largely been a diagnosis of exclusion; fortunately, there is now a genetic test available to confirm the diagnosis. The purpose of this article is to discuss the steps taken to confirm the diagnosis of CCHS. In addition to the history of the disease and clinical manifestations, genetics and prognosis of children with CCHS will be discussed. Two cases are presented for illustration of hospital course and preparation for discharge. © 2012 Springer Publishing Compan.

Clauss S.B.,Childrens National Medical Center | Anderson J.B.,Cincinnati Childrens Hospital | Lannon C.,Cincinnati Childrens Hospital | Beekman R.H.,Cincinnati Childrens Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Current Opinion in Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Purpose of review The National Pediatric Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPCQIC) was established to improve outcomes and quality of life in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and other single ventricle lesions requiring a Norwood operation. The NPCQIC consists of a network of providers and families collecting longitudinal data, conducting research, and using quality improvement science to decrease variations in care, develop and spread best practices, and decrease mortality. Recent findings Initial descriptive investigation of the collaborative data found interstage care process variations, different surgical strategies, diverse feeding practices, and variable ICU approaches between centers and within sites. Analysis and evaluation of these practice variations have allowed centers to learn from each other and implement change to improve processes. There has been an improvement in performance measures and most importantly, a 39.7% reduction in mortality. Summary The NPCQIC has shown, in a rare disease such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome that a network based on multicenter collaboration, patient (parent) engagement, and quality improvement science can facilitate change in practices and improvement in outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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