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Randers, Denmark

Background: Beclomethasone dipropionate-hydrofluoroalkane (BDP-HFA) is a non-chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)-propelled metered dose inhaler. Data is needed to support the registration of BDP-HFA in pediatric populations for countries in the European Union. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess short-term lower leg growth in children with asthma during treatment with BDP-HFA 100 μg BID compared with BDP-CFC 200 μg BID. Methods: Children with asthma were included in this open-label, randomized, crossover study with 2-week run-in, active treatment, and washout periods. Lower leg length was measured every second week. As a secondary outcome parameter, 24-hour urine was collected for assessment of free cortisol. Interventions were inhaled BDP-HFA 100 μg BID with AeroChamber Plus spacer and BDP-CFC 200 μg BID with Volumatic spacer. Results: In 63 patients with asthma aged 5 to 11 years, BDP-HFA 100 μg BID was noninferior to BDP-CFC 200 μg BID, as the lower margin of CI (-0.03 to 0.10 mm/wk) of the estimated difference (0.03 mm/wk) was greater than the prespecified lower limit for noninferiority of -0.12 mm/wk. Mean (SD) lower leg growth rate during run-in, BDP-HFA 100 μg BID, and BDP-CFC 200 μg BID was 0.36 (0.17), 0.27 (0.21), and 0.23 (0.18) mm/wk, respectively (BDP-HFA estimate of difference, -0.09 [95% CI, -0.16 to -0.03 mm/wk; P < 0.01]; BDP-CFC estimate of difference, -0.13 [95% CI, -0.19 to -0.06 mm/wk; P < 0.001]). No statistically significant differences were seen in urinary free cortisol assessments. Eight and 6 mild to moderate adverse events in 10 children were reported during treatment with BDP-HFA and BDP-CFC, respectively. One event in each group was judged to be probably related to the study medication; no others were judged to be related. Conclusions: No statistically significant differences were found in lower leg growth between BDP-HFA 100 μg BID with AeroChamber Plus spacer and BDP-CFC 200 μg BID with Volumatic spacer during 2-week treatment. Evidence of differences in systemic activity between the treatments was not found. EudraCT registration: 2007-007455-14. © 2011 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. Source


Wolthers O.D.,Childrens Clinic Randers
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Scarce data on systemic activity of corticosteroid eye drops are available in children. Two weeks treatment with fluorometholone eye drops in a case series of five children caused growth suppression detected by knemometry. The suppression had no impact on height growth during the following year. © 2011 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston. Source


Gradman J.,Childrens Clinic Randers
Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2010

Short-term knemometry is a highly sensitive and accurate method for non-invasive assessment of systemic activity of inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma. However, there are no randomized data available to elucidate the relation between inhaled corticosteroid suppressed short-term lower leg and height growth. The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between short-term lower leg and 1-yr height growth in children with asthma treated with inhaled budesonide from the new Pulairmax inhaler 200 μg once daily in the morning or montelukast 5 mg once daily. A total of 52 pre-pubertal children with asthma were included in a randomized open-label parallel group study. Length of the lower leg and height were measured by knemometry and stadiometry, respectively, at study entry and after 2, 4, 12, 20, 28, 36, 44 and 52 wks. Lower leg and height growth rates were significantly lower in the budesonide than in the montelukast group (p < 0.0001). Mean 2-wks lower leg growth rate was 0.17 mm/wk in the budesonide and 0.39 mm/wk in the montelukast treated children (p = 0.02). Mean 1-yr height growth rate was 5.51 cm/yr in the budesonide and 6.51 cm/yr in the montelukast group [95% CI: (0.20; 1.79)]. There was a strong linear correlation between lower leg and height growth in both groups, rho = 0.96 (budesonide) and 0.98 (montelukast). In conclusion, 1-yr height growth suppression of budesonide 200 μg administered via the Pulairmax inhaler once daily in the morning was indicated from suppressed short-term lower leg growth providing evidence that short-term knemometry is able to predict 1-yr height growth suppression of inhaled corticosteroids. Short-term knemometry should be performed as part of the safety assessments of new inhaled corticosteroids and inhalation devices in children with asthma before long-term height growth evaluations are initiated. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard. Source


Bidlingmaier M.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Friedrich N.,University of Greifswald | Emeny R.T.,Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research | Spranger J.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Context: Measurement of IGF-I is a cornerstone in diagnosisandmonitoring of GH-related diseases, but considerable discrepancies exist between analytical methods. A recent consensus conference defined criteria for validation of IGF-I assays and for establishment of normative data. Objectives: Our objectives were development and validation of a novel automated IGF-I immunoassay (iSYS; Immunodiagnostic Systems) according to international guidelines and establishment of method-specific age- and sex-adjusted reference intervals and analysis of their robustness. Setting and Participants:Weconducted a multicenter study with samples from 12 cohorts from the United States, Canada, and Europe including 15 014 subjects (6697 males and 8317 females, 0-94 years of age). Main Outcome Measures:Wemeasured concentrations of IGF-I as determined by the IDS iSYS IGF-I assay. Results: A new IGF-I assay calibrated against the recommended standard (02/254) and insensitive to the 6 high-affinity IGF binding proteins was developed and rigorously validated. Age- and sex-adjusted reference intervals derived from a uniquely large cohort reflect the age-related pattern of IGF-I secretion: a decline immediately after birth followed by an increase until a pubertal peak (at 15 years of age). Later in life, values decrease continuously. The impact of gender is small, although across the lifespan, women have lower mean IGF-I concentrations. Geographical region, sampling setting (community or hospital based), and rigor of exclusion criteria in our large cohort did not affect the reference intervals. Conclusions: Using large cohorts of well-characterized subjects from different centers allowed construction of robust reference ranges for a new automated IGF-I assay. The strict adherence to recent consensus criteria for IGF-I assays might facilitate clinical application of the results. © 2014 by the Endocrine Society. Source


Friedrich N.,Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Wolthers O.D.,Childrens Clinic Randers | Arafat A.M.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Arafat A.M.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2014

Context: Measurement of IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) can aid the diagnosis of GH-related diseases. Furthermore, epidemiological studies suggest that IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio are associated with clinical end points like cancer or cardiovascular disease. However, their clinical use is limited by the lack of validated reference intervals. Objective: The objective of the study was the establishment of age- and sex-specific reference intervals for IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio by newly developed automated immunoassays. Setting: This was a multicenter study with samples from 11 cohorts from the United States, Canada, and Europe. Participants: A total of 14 970 healthy subjects covering all ages from birth to senescence participated in the study. Main Outcome Measures: Concentrations of IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio as determined by the IDS iSYS IGF-I and IGFBP-3 assays were measured. Results: Both the concentration of IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio are mainly determined by age. IGFBP-3 concentrations increase until the age of 22 years, with a plateau being visible between 15 and 25 years. Determined by the high peripubertal peak in IGF-I, the peak in the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio occurs already around the age of 15 years, with a slightly earlier and higher peak in females. Beyond the age of 60 years, IGFBP-3 concentrations remain higher in females, whereas IGF-I as well as the IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio remains significantly higher in males. Conclusions: We present an extensive set of assay-specific age- and sex-adjusted normative data for concentrations of IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio and demonstrate distinct sex specific differences across the life span. © 2014 by the Endocrine Society. Source

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