University Hospital for Children

Brussels, Belgium

University Hospital for Children

Brussels, Belgium

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Matthijnssens J.,Catholic University of Leuven | Zeller M.,Catholic University of Leuven | Heylen E.,Catholic University of Leuven | De Coster S.,Catholic University of Leuven | And 16 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014

The overall vaccine effectiveness of the monovalent rotavirus vaccine in an observational, prospective, multicentre, hospital-based case-control study in Belgium (RotaBel) was 90%. However, rotavirus genotype and co-infecting pathogens are important parameters to take into account when assessing vaccine effectiveness. In this study we specifically investigated the effect of rotavirus genotypes and co-infecting pathogens on vaccine effectiveness of the monovalent vaccine. In addition, we also investigated the effect of co-infecting pathogens on disease severity. From February 2008 to June 2010 stool samples of rotavirus gastroenteritis cases of a random sample of 39 Belgian hospitals were collected and subsequently genotyped. Fisher's exact tests were performed to investigate the relationships between rotavirus genotype, co-infecting pathogens and disease severity. The vaccine effectiveness of a full series of the monovalent rotavirus vaccine against hospitalized rotavirus gastroenteritis caused by G1P[8] rotavirus strains was 95% (95% CI 77.5-98.7). Against G2P[4], the vaccine effectiveness was 85% (95% CI: 63.7-93.8). G4P[8]- and G3P[8]-specific vaccine effectiveness was 90% (95% CI 19.2-98.7) and 87% (95% CI -5.2 to 98.4), respectively. A post-hoc analysis showed that the genotype distribution was significantly related to the vaccination status (p <0.001), whereby G2P[4] strains were proportionally more prevalent in vaccinated cases than in unvaccinated cases. No statistical associations were found between co-infection status and vaccination status, Vesikari severity score or rotavirus genotype. The high vaccine effectiveness against the individual genotypes implies robust protection of the monovalent rotavirus vaccine against hospitalized rotavirus gastroenteritis caused by the major human rotavirus genotypes. The prevalence of G2P[4] requires continued monitoring. © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.


Van den Heuvel-Eibrink M.M.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital | Van den Heuvel-Eibrink M.M.,Dutch Childhood Oncology Group | van Tinteren H.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | Rehorst H.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | And 10 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2011

+Background: Survival data of malignant rhabdoid tumour of the kidney (MRTK) registered in SIOP trials, advocating preoperative chemotherapy, are not available. Aim To evaluate characteristics, response and survival of MRTK patients registered in recent SIOP protocols. +Methods: An evaluation of all MRTK patients treated from 1993 to 2005 (SIOP trials 93-01 and 2001) was performed. Data were obtained from study specific case record forms and entered centrally in a database. +Results: Hundred and seven patients were identified (57 male), with a median age at diagnosis of 13months (interquartile range 6-27months), and a median follow-up time of 60 months. Left and right kidneys were equally affected. Tumour stage distribution was stage I (6%), stage II (22%), stage III (43%), stage IV (22%) and stage V (3%). Stage IV patients included 17 with pulmonary metastasis (8 lung-only) and 12 with multiple organ metastases (bone, brain and liver). Primary surgery was the upfront treatment approach in 22/107 patients (21%), by which 19 patients reached a complete remission (CR). Median difference in tumour volume before and after preoperative chemotherapy was 69ml (interquartile range: 4.5-158.0, P<0.0001), indicating marked chemosensitivity. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) of the total group was 22% (95% CI: 15-33) and overall survival 26% (95% CI: 18-37). Most events (86%) occurred within the first 2years after diagnosis. Younger age at diagnosis was an important adverse prognostic factors for survival. In contrast, tumour volume at diagnosis, nor volume reduction was associated with outcome. +Conclusion: MRTK has a poor outcome especially in young and advanced-stage disease patients. Neither tumour volume at diagnosis, nor pre-operative chemosensitivity are prognostic factors for survival. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc..


Van Den Heuvel-Eibrink M.M.,Princess Maxima Center for Paediatric Oncology | Van Den Heuvel-Eibrink M.M.,Dutch Childhood Oncology Group | Van Tinteren H.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | Bergeron C.,Center Leon Berard | And 12 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Blastemal-type Wilms tumour (BT-WT) has been identified as a high risk histological subgroup in WT assessed after pre-nephrectomy chemotherapy in trials of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Renal Tumour Study Group. Therefore, in SIOPWT2001, post-operative chemotherapy for BT-WT was intensified aiming to improve survival. Survival analysis of all unilateral BT-WT patients (SIOPWT2001) (n = 238), was compared with historical BT-WT controls (SIOP93-01) (n = 113). 351/4061 (8.6%) unilateral non-metastatic BT-WT patients (SIOP93-01/SIOPWT2001) were studied. Median age at diagnosis was 43 months (Inter Quartile Range (IQR) 24-68 months), stages: I (n = 140, 40%), II (n = 106, 30%), III (n = 105, 30%). BT-WTs were higher staged, showed greater volume decrease after pre-operative chemotherapy and were diagnosed at an older median age compared to other WT patients. Patient characteristics did not differ substantially between SIOP93-01 and SIOPWT2001. Univariate analysis showed a 5-year event-free survival (EFS) of 80% (95% confidence interval (CI): 75-86%) (SIOPWT2001) compared to 67% in SIOP93-01 (95% CI: 59-76%; p = 0.006) and overall survival (OS) of 88% (95% CI: 83-93%) (SIOPWT2001) compared to 84% (95% CI: 77-91%; p = 0.4) in SIOP93-01. 95% of relapses were distant metastases (SIOP93-01/SIOPWT2001). Treatment protocol, age at diagnosis, tumour stage (III versus I/II) and volume (at surgery), were prognostic variables for EFS (uni- and multivariate Cox regression analysis). Independent prognosticators for OS were age at diagnosis, tumour stage and volume (at surgery). The most significant survival benefit of intensified treatment, was observed in Stage I (EFS 96% in SIOPWT2001 (OS 100%), 71% in SIOP93-01 (OS 90%)). BT-WT derived benefits from more intensive chemotherapy as reflected by a reduction in relapse risk. However, the benefit of the more intensive chemotherapy to improve OS was only observed in stage I BT-WTs, by adding doxorubicin. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Malogolowkin M.H.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Spreafico F.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale Tumori | Dome J.S.,Childrens National Medical Center | van Tinteren H.,Comprehensive Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer | Year: 2013

Background: Most relapses from Wilms' tumor occur within 2 years from diagnosis. This study aims to describe the incidence and outcome of patients who experienced a late recurrence (LR) more than 5 years after diagnosis across several clinical trials, and to develop evidence-based recommendations for follow-up surveillance. Methods: Available records on children with Wilms' tumor enrolled onto 10 national or international cooperative clinical trials were reviewed to identify patients who experienced a LR. Results: Seventy of 13,330 (0.5%) patients with Wilms' tumor experienced a LR. No gender bias was observed. Median time elapsing between initial Wilms' tumor diagnosis and first recurrence was 13.2 years (range: 5.1-17.3 years). Initial tumor stage was: stage I (15); stage II (19); stage III (14); stage IV (8); bilateral disease stage V (14). The most frequent sites of relapse were-abdomen: 21, lungs: 20, and contralateral kidney: 15. Thirty-five children died of disease progression. Recurrence in the contralateral kidney was associated with a better outcome (13/15 patients alive), while initial tumor stage did not seem to influence the post-recurrence outcome. Therapies administered at recurrence varied between centers, preventing any conclusion about the best salvage treatment. Conclusions: LR of Wilms' tumor is rare and associated with similar outcome to those experiencing earlier recurrence. The low rate of LR does not justify prolonged monitoring. Further study of the biology of these tumors may give us some insights in regards to mechanisms on tumor cell dormancy or cancer stem cell maintenance. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013;60:1612-1615. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Furtwangler R.,University Hospital for Children | Furtwangler R.,University of Cardiff | Gooskens S.L.,Sophia Childrens Hospital | Gooskens S.L.,University of Cardiff | And 14 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Purpose Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney (CCSK) is a rare childhood renal tumour. Only a few homogeneously treated CCSK cohorts have been reported. This study aims to describe clinical characteristics and survival of CCSK patients treated according to recent International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) protocols. Patients and methods We analysed the prospectively collected data of patients with a histologically verified CCSK, entered onto SIOP 93-01/2001 trials. Results A total of 191 CCSK patients (64% male) were analysed, with a median age at diagnosis of 2.6 years. Stage distribution for stages I, II, III and IV was 42%, 23%, 28% and 7%, respectively. Pre-operative chemotherapy was administered to 169/191 patients. All patients underwent total nephrectomy and 189/191 patients received post-operative chemotherapy. Radiotherapy was applied in 2/80 stage I, 33/44 stage II, 44/54 stage III and 6/13 stage IV patients. Five year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 79% (95% confidence interval (CI): 73-85%) and 86% (95% CI: 80-92%) respectively. Stage IV disease and young age were significant adverse prognostic factors for event-free survival. Factors such as gender, tumour volume and type of initial treatment were not found to be prognostic for EFS and OS. Conclusion In this largest SIOP cohort described so far, overall outcome of CCSK is reasonable, although treatment of young and advanced-stage disease patients is challenging. As further intensification of treatment is hampered by direct and late toxicity, future directions should include the development of targeted therapy based on specific molecular aberrations of CCSK. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Braeckman T.,University of Antwerp | Herck K.,University of Antwerp | Herck K.,Ghent University | Meyer N.,Glaxosmithkline | And 15 more authors.
BMJ (Online) | Year: 2012

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination among young children in Belgium. Design: Prospective case-control study. Setting: Random sample of 39 Belgian hospitals, February 2008 to June 2010. Participants: 215 children admitted to hospital with rotavirus gastroenteritis confirmed by polymerase chain reaction and 276 age and hospital matched controls. All children were of an eligible age to have received rotavirus vaccination (that is, born after 1 October 2006 and aged ≥14 weeks). Main outcome measure: Vaccination status of children admitted to hospital with rotavirus gastroenteritis and matched controls. Results: 99 children (48%) admitted with rotavirus gastroenteritis and 244 (91%) controls had received at least one dose of any rotavirus vaccine (P<0.001). The monovalent rotavirus vaccine accounted for 92% (n=594) of all rotavirus vaccine doses. With hospital admission as the outcome, the unadjusted effectiveness of two doses of the monovalent rotavirus vaccine was 90% (95% confidence interval 81% to 95%) overall, 91% (75% to 97%) in children aged 3-11 months, and 90% (76% to 96%) in those aged ≥12 months. The G2P[4] genotype accounted for 52% of cases confirmed by polymerase chain reaction with eligible matched controls. Vaccine effectiveness was 85% (64% to 94%) against G2P[4] and 95% (78% to 99%) against G1P[8]. In 25% of cases confirmed by polymerase chain reaction with eligible matched controls, there was reported co-infection with adenovirus, astrovirus and/or norovirus. Vaccine effectiveness against co-infected cases was 86% (52% to 96%). Effectiveness of at least one dose of any rotavirus vaccine (intention to vaccinate analysis) was 91% (82% to 95%). Conclusions: Rotavirus vaccination is effective for the prevention of admission to hospital for rotavirus gastroenteritis among young children in Belgium, despite the high prevalence of G2P[4] and viral co-infection.


Gooskens S.L.,Princess Maxima Center for Pediatric Oncology | Gooskens S.L.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital | Kenny C.,Our Ladys Childrens Hospital | Lazaro A.,Our Ladys Childrens Hospital | And 17 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2016

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) although uncommon, is the second most frequent renal malignancy of childhood. Until now, the sole recurrent genetic aberration identified in CCSKs is t(10;17)(q22;p13), which gives rise to a fusion transcript of YWHAE and NUTM2B/E. So far, the clinical relevance of this fusion transcript is unknown. The aim of this descriptive study was to determine the clinical phenotype of t(10;17)(q22;p13) positive CCSKs. Snap-frozen tissues, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues or RNA previously extracted from CCSK samples throughout European, North-American and Japanese study groups were screened by RT-PCR for the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E transcript. Clinical characteristics, tumor characteristics, and outcome of patients with and without the fusion transcript were studied. The cohort comprised 51 previously published cases to which were added 139 internationally collected CCSK samples. RNA from 57 of these additionally collected cases was of sufficient quality to be successfully screened for the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E transcript. In total, seven of the 108 cases harbored the fusion transcript. Patients with tumors containing the fusion transcript were relatively young (median age 10 months), had associated low median tumor volumes and stage I disease was not observed in these patients. Two of seven patients relapsed and one of seven patients died of disease. Ranges of values were not overtly different between patients with and without the fusion transcript; however, the number of fusion transcript positive cases turned out to be too small to permit reliable statistical analysis. The current study did not identify an explicit clinical phenotype of CCSK cases harboring the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E fusion transcript. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | University College London, Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale Dei Tumori and 10 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genes, chromosomes & cancer | Year: 2016

Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) although uncommon, is the second most frequent renal malignancy of childhood. Until now, the sole recurrent genetic aberration identified in CCSKs is t(10;17)(q22;p13), which gives rise to a fusion transcript of YWHAE and NUTM2B/E. So far, the clinical relevance of this fusion transcript is unknown. The aim of this descriptive study was to determine the clinical phenotype of t(10;17)(q22;p13) positive CCSKs. Snap-frozen tissues, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues or RNA previously extracted from CCSK samples throughout European, North-American and Japanese study groups were screened by RT-PCR for the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E transcript. Clinical characteristics, tumor characteristics, and outcome of patients with and without the fusion transcript were studied. The cohort comprised 51 previously published cases to which were added 139 internationally collected CCSK samples. RNA from 57 of these additionally collected cases was of sufficient quality to be successfully screened for the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E transcript. In total, seven of the 108 cases harbored the fusion transcript. Patients with tumors containing the fusion transcript were relatively young (median age 10 months), had associated low median tumor volumes and stage I disease was not observed in these patients. Two of seven patients relapsed and one of seven patients died of disease. Ranges of values were not overtly different between patients with and without the fusion transcript; however, the number of fusion transcript positive cases turned out to be too small to permit reliable statistical analysis. The current study did not identify an explicit clinical phenotype of CCSK cases harboring the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E fusion transcript.

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