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Child, United States

Gormley Jr. W.T.,Georgetown University | Phillips D.A.,Georgetown University | Welti K.,Child Trends Inc. | Adelstein S.,Georgetown University
Child Development | Year: 2011

This article assesses the effects of Tulsa, Oklahoma's early childhood education programs on social-emotional outcomes, examining teacher ratings of children's behavior from the Adjustment Scales for Preschool Intervention and a measure of attentiveness using fixed effects regressions with propensity score matching. The sample includes 2,832 kindergarten students in 2006, of whom 1,318 participated in the Tulsa Public Schools (TPS) pre-K program and 363 participated in the CAP of Tulsa County Head Start program the previous year. Program participation was associated with lower timidity and higher attentiveness for TPS pre-K alumni and a marginally significant reduction in timidity for Head Start alumni. Results were similar for the free lunch-eligible subsample. We conclude that high-quality, school-based preschool programs can enhance social-emotional development. © 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc. Source

Chrisler A.J.,Child Trends Inc.
Journal of Public Health (Germany) | Year: 2012

Aim: This review seeks to identify effective asthma education programs geared toward educating pre- and adolescent youth in ways to manage their asthma. This report examines randomized controlled studies that focus on asthma education and disease management. Subject and methods: Studies that met selection guidelines, as outlined in the methods section, were included and coded based on study characteristics, asthma education program design, study outcomes, participant characteristics, and parent involvement. Results: Findings from this literature review indicated that asthma education programs demonstrate favorable outcomes, and the majority of the programs were school or clinic-based. Computer/web-based as well as clinic-based programs reported statistically significant outcomes in more outcome areas. In addition, there was limited information provided about the cost-benefits associated with the implementation of asthma education programs. Even though the majority of the programs involved parents, only a few provided a group session specifically for parents. Also, only a few programs were designed specifically for adolescents. Conclusion: There appears to be a need for additional research studies that include larger sample sizes and youth from various socioeconomic backgrounds. In addition, more asthma education programs that primarily use a strengthsmodel, can be obtained through the computer, and focus on the specific needs of adolescent youth need to be developed. Futhermore, more programs need to focus on including a parent component and cost-analysis information. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source

Child Trends Incorporated | Date: 2002-12-17

printed publications, namely, newsletters, reports, research briefs, and fact sheets that summarize social science research on children, youth, and families for use by government and public interest foundations in drafting legislation.

Manlove J.,Child Trends Inc. | Wildsmith E.,Child Trends Inc. | Ikramullah E.,Child Trends Inc. | Ryan S.,Child Trends Inc. | And 3 more authors.
Population Research and Policy Review | Year: 2012

Despite a growing interest in the family trajectories of unmarried women, there has been limited research on union transitions among cohabiting parents. Using data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined how family complexity (including relationship and fertility histories), as well as characteristics of the union and birth, were associated with transitions to marriage or to separation among 1,105 women who had a birth in a cohabiting relationship. Cohabiting parents had complex relationship and fertility histories, which were tied to union transitions. Having a previous nonmarital birth was associated with a lower relative risk of marriage and a greater risk of separation. In contrast, a prior marriage or marital birth was linked to union stability (getting married or remaining cohabiting). Characteristics of the union and birth were also important. Important racial/ethnic differences emerged in the analyses. Black parents had the most complex family histories and the lowest relative risk of transitioning to marriage. Stable cohabitations were more common among Hispanic mothers, and measures of family complexity were particularly important to their relative risk of marriage. White mothers who began cohabiting after conception were the most likely to marry, suggesting that "shot-gun cohabitations" serve as a stepping-stone to marriage. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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