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North Ipswich, Australia

Edmunds J.E.,Child Health | Fulbrook P.,Australian Catholic University | Miles S.,Australian Catholic University
Journal of Human Lactation | Year: 2013

Background: Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is a congenital condition that negatively affects breastfeeding. The thickened, tightened, or shortened frenulum affects the infants ability to suck and frequently results in sore and painful nipples. Although several studies have investigated outcomes associated with treatment of tongue-tie, none have investigated mothers experiences of breastfeeding an infant with tongue-tie. Objective: This study aimed to understand the breastfeeding experiences of women whose infants have tongue-tie. Methods: A hermeneutic phenomenological design was employed. Data were collected using focused interviews and, following transcription, were analyzed in the phenomenological tradition. Ten women who presented at a breastfeeding clinic with feeding problems, and were diagnosed with tongue-tie, were interviewed on 2 occasions. Results: The analysis revealed a common story of tension between the mothers expectations and the breastfeeding challenges they faced. Their journey was characterized by 6 distinct phases described in the following themes: Expectations; Something is wrong; Questioning, seeking advice, no real answers; Symptoms and perseverance; Approaching the wall-its all too much; and finally, Relief. Conclusion: The women in this study described a somewhat harrowing journey, which was at odds with the natural experience they had anticipated. They encountered health professionals who were found to have limited knowledge of tongue-tie and its potential effect on breastfeeding and were unable to provide appropriate advice concerning their breastfeeding difficulties. However, following treatment with frenotomy, their breastfeeding experience improved dramatically. The reported incidence of tongue-tie is significant, and early identification and prompt and effective management would contribute to improved breastfeeding. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

McLaughlin M.,Child Health
Breastfeeding review : professional publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia | Year: 2011

Breastfeeding and breastmilk are essential to hospitalised infants and young children and paediatric nurses are required to have breastfeeding knowledge. However, few studies have investigated paediatric nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used to investigate breastfeeding knowledge, knowledge related to breastfeeding the hospitalised infant, policy and guideline awareness, and attitudes to breastfeeding. Participants demonstrated excellent breastfeeding attitudes and general knowledge but deficits in breastfeeding knowledge related to specific outcomes were identified. Source

Davies J.H.,Pediatric Endocrinology | Reed J.M.,Trauma and Orthopaedics | Blake E.,Biomedical Research Unit | Mrcpch M.P.,Pediatric Endocrinology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency may increase predisposition to a number of pediatric orthopaedic conditions and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is increasing in children in developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in children presenting to a regional pediatric orthopaedic service. We also examined the relationships between vitamin D status, social deprivation, and ethnicity. METHODS: Individuals of age 18 years and younger presenting to the regional pediatric orthopaedic service at Southampton, UK from 2008 to 2010 were investigated. Deprivation index scores were calculated from indices of deprivation. RESULTS: A total of 187 children (97 male, 90 female, mean age 7.1 y) underwent serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level measurement. Of them 82% were white British and 11% were of Asian ethnicity. The calculation of the total depravation index for the whole cohort showed 34 patients (18%) were in quartile 1 (most deprived), 54 (29%) in quartile 2, 49 (26%) in quartile 3, and 50 (27%) in quartile 4 (least deprived). Sixty patients (32%) had vitamin D insufficiency with 25-(OH) levels <50 nmol/L and 15 patients (8%) had vitamin D deficiency. No relationship was identified between vitamin D level and social deprivation score. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for awareness of the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the pediatric orthopaedic population presenting with bone pain and lower limb deformity before commencing observation or orthopaedic surgical treatment. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Jan J.E.,University of British Columbia | Bax M.C.O.,Child Health | Owens J.A.,Childrens National Medical Center | Ipsiroglu O.S.,University of British Columbia | Wasdell M.B.,Fraser Health Authority
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology | Year: 2012

This article reviews circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSDs) of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. These sleep disturbances frequently occur in this population but they are misunderstood and under diagnosed. The causes and features of CRSD in children with brain disorders differ in many ways from those seen in typically developing children. It is the brain, including the eyes, which regulates sleep and circadian rhythmicity by modulating pineal melatonin production/secretion and when there is significant brain damage, the sleep/wake patterns may be modified. In most instances CRSD are not disorders of the suprachiasmatic nuclei because these small hypothalamic structures only adjust their functions to the changing photic and non-photic modulatory influences. Each form of CRSD is accompanied by characteristic changes in serum melatonin levels and clinical features. When nocturnal melatonin production/secretion is inappropriately timed or impaired in relation to the environment, timed melatonin replacement therapy will often be beneficial. In this review an attempt is made to clarify the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the various forms of CRSD because without understanding the photic and non-photic influences on sleep, these sleep disorders can not be fully characterized, defined or even appropriately treated. In the future, the existing definitions for the different forms of CRSD should be modified by experts in pediatric sleep medicine in order to include children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. © 2012 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

News Article
Site: http://www.nanotech-now.com/

Abstract: The Lifeboat Foundation Guardian Award is annually bestowed upon a respected scientist or public figure who has warned of a future fraught with dangers and encouraged measures to prevent them. The 2015 Lifeboat Foundation Guardian Award has been given to Bill Gates in recognition of his fight against infectious diseases, his warnings about artificial intelligence, and his funding of improvements in education since a smarter civilization is one that is more likely to survive and flourish. INFECTIOUS DISEASES Bill Gates has donated billions of dollars to help fight malaria, pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, and an array of parasitic infections. This includes working on the development of vaccines to prevent infectious diseases including HIV, polio, and malaria. He also recently committed $50 million dollars to contain the Ebola outbreak. Bill has repeatedly announced his goal to completely eliminate malaria. Learn more at https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/Eradicating-Malaria-in-a-Generation. He also launched a network of sites across Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia -- known as the Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance Network, or CHAMPS -- which will track the ebb and flow of disease, making sure that vaccines and aid can be delivered where they're most needed. This network is planned to expand over time. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE "I am in the camp that is concerned about super intelligence," Bill wrote. "First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. I agree with Elon Musk and some others on this and don't understand why some people are not concerned." EDUCATION The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is committed to ensuring that all students in the United States have the opportunity to receive a high-quality education. They have two programs that work in concert toward this goal. Their College-Ready Education program aims to ensure that all students graduate from high school prepared to succeed in college, and their Postsecondary Success program aims to dramatically increase the number of young people who obtain a postsecondary degree or certificate with labor-market value. Areas of intersection include practical approaches and policy strategies to better align K-12 standards with expectations in college-level courses. About Lifeboat Foundation The Lifeboat Foundation is a nonprofit nongovernmental organization dedicated to encouraging scientific advancements while helping humanity survive existential risks and possible misuse of increasingly powerful technologies, including genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and robotics/AI, as we move towards the Singularity. Learn about the world's first bitcoin endowment fund at https://lifeboat.com/ex/bitcoin For more information, please click If you have a comment, please us. Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

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