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Imai M.,Kyoto University | Kimura T.,Kyoto University | Morimoto T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Saito N.,Kyoto University | And 26 more authors.
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics | Year: 2014

This study sought to assess clinical significance of angiographic peri-stent contrast staining (PSS) after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in a large multicenter study with 5-year follow-up. The j-Cypher PSS substudy is a multicenter study including 5712 patients (7838 lesions) who underwent follow-up angiographic study within 12 months after SES implantation. Late acquired PSS was observed in 184 patients (3.2 %) or 194 lesions (2.5 %). Independent risk factors of PSS were chronic total occlusion and left anterior descending artery lesion, while negative risk factors were in-stent restenosis, diabetes mellitus, ≥70 years of age, and left circumflex coronary artery lesion. Cumulative incidence of definite very late stent thrombosis (VLST) at 4 years after the index follow-up angiography in lesions with PSS was significantly higher than that in lesions without PSS (5.3 versus 0.7 %, P < 0.0001). Late target-lesion revascularization (TLR) was also more frequently observed in the PSS group (13 versus 6.9 %, P = 0.01), while late TLR for restenosis excluding those TLR procedures for VLST tended to be higher in the PSS group (9.9 versus 6.3 %; P = 0.15). PSS found in 2.5 % of lesions within 12 months after SES implantation was associated with higher risk for subsequent VLST. © 2014 Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

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