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Ho L.-T.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Lin L.-Y.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Yang Y.-H.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chia Yi | Yang Y.-H.,National Taiwan University | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2015

Objectives The objective is to assess the effectiveness of statin use to prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) in dialysis patients. Methods We used a database from the Registry for Catastrophic Illness from the National Health Research Institute (NHRI), which encompasses almost 100% of the patients receiving dialysis started from 1997 to 2008 in Taiwan. All dialysis patients aged 18 or older without history of cardiovascular events in 1997 and 1998 were incorporated. Finally, 113,191 dialysis patients were enrolled. We used propensity score (PS) matching method and Cox's proportional hazard regression models to estimate hazard ratios for AF events for statin users vs. nonusers. Results In statin group, the incidence of developing new AF was significantly lower than that in control group (1.1% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.001). The PS-based selection process identified 2146 patients receiving statins and 2146 who did not receive statins. The incidence of developing AF remained lower in statin group than that in control group (2.4% vs. 4.9%, P < 0.001). After PS matching, Cox's proportional hazard regression analyses showed that there was a protective effect of developing AF in a dose-responsive manner. The protective effect was more obvious in subjects with younger age, female gender, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease and peripheral artery disease and in subjects without taking angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker. Conclusion Our analyses showed that statin therapy was associated with lower risk of newly diagnosed AF in patients with dialysis. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Liao M.-T.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Lin L.-Y.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Yang Y.-H.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chia Yi | Yang Y.-H.,National Taiwan University | And 4 more authors.
Acta Cardiologica Sinica | Year: 2013

Purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of thromboembolism, and is also a predisposing factor to dementia. Our investigation was a retrospective observational study to evaluate whether the usage of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) could reduce the incidence of dementia in patients with AF. Methods: A total of 5221 patients over 20 years of age who had a history of AF as noted in ambulatory and inpatient claims data were enrolled from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan in 1997 and 1998. Patients with ACEI or ARB were designated as group 1 (4343 patients), and patients without ACEI or ARB were designated as group 2 (878 patients). Results: During a follow-up of 5.90-3.39 years, 135 patients of group 1 (3.1%) and 25 of group 2 (2.8%) developed new-onset dementia. Group 1 and group 2 had similar proportions of new-onset dementia (p = 0.75). The Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that patients with ACEI or ARB were not associated with a lower incidence of dementia during the follow-up period (log rank p = 0.91). Cox-regression analysis also showed that usage of ACEI or ARB was not associated with a lower risk of new-onset dementia after adjustment for gender and comorbidities. (Hazard ratio = 0.942, 95% confidence interval 0.589-1.506, and p = 0.80). Conclusions: ACEI or ARB may be ineffective in reducing the incidence of dementia in patients with AF. Source


Lin T.-T.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Yang Y.-H.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chia Yi | Yang Y.-H.,National Taiwan University | Liao M.-T.,National Taiwan University Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Kidney International | Year: 2015

Current evidence suggests that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce the incidence of new atrial fibrillation (AF) in a variety of clinical conditions, including the treatment of left ventricular dysfunction or hypertension. Here we assessed whether ACEIs and ARBs could decrease incidence of new-onset AF in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We identified patients from the Registry for Catastrophic Illness, a nation-wide database encompassing almost all of the patients receiving dialysis therapy in Taiwan from 1995 to 2008. Propensity score matching and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios for new-onset AF. Among 113,186 patients, 13% received ACEIs, 14% received ARBs therapy, and 9% received ACEIs or ARBs alternatively. After a median follow-up of 1524 days, the incidence of new-onset AF significantly decreased in patients treated with ACEIs (hazard ratio 0.587, 95% confidence interval 0.519-0.663), ARBs (0.542, 0.461-0.637), or ACEIs/ARBs (0.793, 0.657-0.958). The prevention of new-onset AF was significantly better in patients taking longer duration of ACEI or ARB therapy. The effect remained robust in subgroup analyses. Thus both ACEIs and ARBs appear to be effective in the primary prevention of AF in patients with ESRD. Hence, renin-angiotensin system inhibition may be an emerging treatment target for the primary prevention of AF. © 2015 International Society of Nephrology. Source


Chen J.-J.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Lin L.-Y.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Yang Y.-H.,Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Chia Yi | Yang Y.-H.,National Taiwan University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Objective The risk/benefit profiles of anti-coagulant or anti-platelet agents in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remained unclear. We aimed to investigate the stroke risks in these patients with or without anti-coagulant/anti-platelet therapy by using our national database. Method By using our national health insurance ESRD claim database, we searched patients with AF, more than 18 years old and without prior history of ischemic stroke. Medication information as well as the events of ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic accident during follow-up were identified from the database. Propensity score method was used to match all the potential confounders between patients with and without anti-platelets/warfarin treatment. Result A total of 134,410 ESRD patients were identified in the database. Among them, patients with non-valvular AF, over 18 years old, without prior history of ischemic stroke and received monotherapy with anti-platelets (1622) or warfarin (294) served as case groups while patients (2983) without taking any anti-platelets and warfarin served as control groups. The incidences of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were not different among the control (6.6%), anti-platelet (6.2%) and warfarin (5.1%) groups in a follow-up period of approximately 4 years. The results remained unchanged after propensity match. Cox-regression analyses also showed no beneficial effect of anti-platelet or warfarin therapy in overall and any subgroups. Conclusion In this nationwide cohort analyses, we found that anti-platelet or warfarin treatment could not lower the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with ESRD. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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