Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya

Durg, India

Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya

Durg, India

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Naik S.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari S.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Sahu T.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Doneria R.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

Present study was conducted in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of 3 levels of organic selenium (0, 0.1, and 0.2 ppm) and 2 levels of vitamin E (0 and 300 mg/kg) to determine the effect of organic selenium and vitamin E on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality in broiler chickens. Day-old Vencobb broiler chicks (180) were randomly divided into 6 treatments (3 replicates of 10 birds/treatment). The diets were formulated according to BIS (1992). The diet was based on corn soybean meal. Study revealed significant interaction in between organic selenium and vitamin E for feed intake, body weight, FCR, dressing percentage and protein and lipid content of muscle. The broilers receiving 0.1 ppm organic selenium with 300 mg/kg vitamin E (T4) displayed heavier final weight and improved FCR. The highest dressing percentage was determined in the similar group (T4). As the level of vitamin E increased in the broilers diet, protein percentage of breast and thigh muscle significantly increased whereas, lipid percentage significantly decreased. Lowest muscle lipid and highest protein percentage obtained in broilers receiving 0.1 ppm organic selenium with 300 mg/kg vitamin E (T4). It can be concluded that dietary organic selenium with vitamin E in broiler feed improved the growth performance and gave the possibility for achievement of better quality meat and higher meat yield.


Kumar P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari S.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Sahu T.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Gendley M.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Naik S.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

A 2 × 3 factorial experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of adding selenomethionine (0 and 0.3 ppm) and omega-3 fatty acid (0, 0.5 and 1% of diet) on performance, blood antioxidant capacity and fatty acid composition of meat in broiler chickens. The study was conducted using broiler chicks (180) that were assigned to 1 of the 6 dietary treatments. The significant interactions were observed between selenomethionine and omega-3 fatty acids for growth performance, dressing percentage, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids composition of meat, serum antibody titer against Newcastle disease and the lymphoid organ weights. The chickens with the highest body weight and dressing percentage were fed 0.3 ppm of selenomethionine with 0.5% of omega-3 fatty acid. The lowest fat value was found in the broilers that were fed 0.5% omega-3 fatty acid. Dietary selenomethionine significantly increased the selenium content of meat. The glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value of muscle significantly increased as the levels of selenium and fat source increased in the diet. The highest serum antibody titer against Newcastle disease was recorded in chickens that were fed the highest levels of selenium and fat source. Thus it may be speculated that selenomethionine and omega-3 fatty acid enriched broilers diet improved growth performance, antioxidant status and meat composition.


Padihari V.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari S.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Sahu T.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Gendley M.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Naik S.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

Day old Vencobb broiler chicks (150) were randomly allocated to 5 treatment groups with 3 replicates of 10 chicks in each to study the effect of mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) on growth performance, nutrient utilization and carcass yield. The trial lasted for 5 weeks. The starter (0-14 day), grower (14- 28 days), and finisher (28-35 days) diets contained 23, 21.5 and 20% CP and 2,900, 3,000 and 3,100 kcal ME/kg feed, respectively. The control (C) group in starter, grower and finisher was supplemented with premix while their negative control (NC), mannan oligosaccharides (MOS), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) and mannan oligosaccharides+ Saccharomyces cerevisiae (MOS+SC) groups were not supplemented with premix. The later 3 groups were supplemented with MOS 500g/tonne, SC 500g/tonne and MOS+SC 500g+500g/tonne feed, respectively. Maximum conversion of feed into gain was recorded in MOS followed by SC and MOS+SC. The chicks attained relatively more body weight in MOS+SC than other groups. It was least in group C. Phosphorus retention was maximum and significant in MOS+SC in spite of their minimum intakes. There was significant improvement in weight of different cuts in MOS+SC group as compared to other groups. Maximum serum cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride was recorded in NC group while in the MOS supplemented treatment serum HDL cholesterol and total protein was maximum. The mean serum glucose, Ca and P was recorded highest in MOS+ SC group. It may be concluded that MOS+SC supplementation in the diet improves the overall FCR and blood biochemical profile of broiler chickens.


Rai K.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Gendley M.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari S.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Sahu T.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Naik S.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2015

Day-old Vencobb broiler chicks (180) were randomly allocated to 2 treatment groups with 9 replicates of 10 chicks in each to study the effect of post hatch Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on growth performance, slaughter traits and biochemical profile. The trial lasted for 5 weeks. Two types of diet were formulated for first week which contained 0% and 0.5% S.cerevisiae respectively. After first week post-hatch period chicks were fed ad lib. with the normal basal diet as per Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS 1992) recommendations till completion of experiment. Maximum conversion of feed into gain was recorded in S. cerevisiae supplemented birds. The chicks attained relatively higher dressing percentage in the same group. Birds fed yeast had more protein in breast and thigh muscle whereas serum HI titre was nonsignificant among treatments. Maximum triglyceride was recorded in control group while other biochemical constituents did not differ significantly among treatments. It may be concluded that post hatch S. cerevisiae supplementation in the diet improves the overall FCR, dressing percentage and reduces triglyceride level in broiler chicken. © 2015 Indian Journal of Animal Sciences.


Ahmed A.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Tiwari R.P.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Mishra G.K.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2016

The present study was designed to assess the bio-stimulatory effect of bull urine (BU) exposure, administration of progesterone impregnated intravaginal device (PRID) in combination with PGF2α and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), (PRID-PG-GnRH) and GnRH in combination with PGF2α (GnRH-PG-GnRH) on induction of estrus and resumption of ovarian activity in pubertal anestrus Sahiwal heifers. Thirty two pubertal anestrus Sahiwal heifers were randomly divided in to 4 groups viz., Gr.1, (n=8, BU), Gr.2, (n=8, PRID-PG-GnRH), Gr.3, (n=8, GnRH-PG-GnRH) and Gr. 4, (n=8, Control). Significantly lesser proportion of anestrus Sahiwal heifers were induced to estrus (25%) following BU exposure than PRID-PG-GnRH (100%) and GnRH-PG-GnRH (87.50%) treated heifers. However, there were no heifers induced to estrus in control group during the experiment. The time interval taken for onset of estrus (days) was shorter in PRID-PG-GnRH (8.00±1.51) and GnRH-PG-GnRH (8.00±1.25) than BU exposed heifers (23.00±2.41). On ultrasonographic imaging, no definite growth patterns of ovarian follicles were observed in BU exposed and control groups. However, definite growth pattern of ovarian follicles were recorded in PRID-PG-GnRH and GnRH-PG-GnRH treated heifers. Significant decrease in the number of small follicles from day 3 to 7 in PRID (14 vs 5) and in GnRH (13 vs 4) treated heifers. However, increase in the number of large follicles were observed in heifers treated with PRID-PG-GnRH (0 vs 1.87) and GnRH-PG-GnRH (0 vs 2) from day 0 to 7, respectively, as compared to control group. The overall conception rate in BU exposed heifer was lower (25%) than PRID (50%) and GnRH (50%) treated heifers. Bull urine (BU) mediated induction of estrus is significantly lower in pubertal anestrus Sahiwal heifers than PRID+PG and GnRH+PG treated heifers. © 2016, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. All rights reserved.


Balasubramaniam S.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Singh M.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Gowane G.R.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya | Kumar S.,Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2013

Age at first calving (AFC) records (403) of Sahiwal cows sired by 30 bulls, spread over 50 years (1948-1997) maintained at Government Cattle Breeding Farm, Anjora, Durg were utilized to study the factors affecting age at first calving and its estimate of heritability by using least squares technique. The period of birth and sire effects were significant and the season was nonsignificant. The estimate of heritability was moderate (0.43). AFC showed negative association with first lactation milk yield, however, the relationship was positive in later cumulative milk and lifetime traits. Overall phenotypic and genetic trends for AFC were in the desired direction, except poor performance in the second to fourth periods. Genetic trend can further be improved if the available additive genetic variability in the herd is properly exploited through selection.

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