Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute

Chennai, India

Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute

Chennai, India
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Chari A.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Rajesh P.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Prabhu S.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2016

Statement of Problem: Salivary and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been correlated with potentially malignant lesions. Salivary LDH levels require special testing and can be expensive. The need for a simple and cost-effective analysis tool is essential to detect the oral malignant lesions to benefit rural populations. Aim: The aim of this study is to estimate the serum LDH in patients with oral lesions due to the consumption of smokeless tobacco. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients with lesions were selected for this study while twenty patients served as a control. Levels of serum LDH were assessed. Age-and sex-matched controls (n = 10) with no smokeless consumption habit and with the habit but without lesion (n = 10) also had their blood drawn to assess the basal level of LDH. The results were then analyzed through the two-Tailed t-Test and Chi-square analysis using the SPSS statistics software. Results: The mean LDH value of patients with habit and lesion is 446.8 U/L; the mean LDH value for patients with habit but without the presence of a lesion is 421.2 U/L, and the mean LDH value for patients without a habit or lesion is 269.4 U/L. The patients having the habit of using smokeless tobacco had higher LDH values compared to the other two groups, and it is found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum LDH values increased in patients with the habit of chewing smokeless tobacco. © 2017 Indian Journal of Dental Research | Published by Wolters Kluwer-Medknow.

Aesha,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Tanveer S.,Sri Sai Dental College and Hospital | Sreeja,Adiparashakthi Dental College and Hospital
Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy | Year: 2014

The recent recognition of bisphosphonate use came into use for pathological conditions which includes osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and other bone diseases. This article highlights about bisphosphonate and its effect and affect on ONJ. Jaw necrosis is a complication associated with conditions such as radiotherapy, severe fungal or bacterial infections, and sarcoidosis or after intravenous bisphosphonate therapy. The intravenous bisphosphonates - pamidronate (Aredia) and zoledronic acid (Zometa), are often used to treat cancer-related hypercalcemia, Paget's disease, symptoms from solid tumor bone metastasis and osteolytic lesions of multiple myeloma. Bisphosphonate related ONJ has been reported since 2003, in patients taking the drug, more often after dental procedures like extractions, minor surgeries, etc. © 2014, EManuscript Services. All rights reserved.

Jeelani S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental science | Jagat Reddy R.C.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Maheswaran T.,Vivekanandha Dental College for Women | Asokan G.S.,Tagore Dental College and Hospital | Anand B.,Ragas Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2014

Emerging as a targeted, safe, and efficient pharmacotherapy is the approach of theranostics, which focuses on patient-centered care. It is a combination of diagnosis and therapeutics. It provides a transition from conventional medicine to personalized medicine. It deals with the custom made treatment plan based on uniqueness of every individual thus resulting in right drug for the right patient at the right time. Genetics plays a significant role in theranostics. Theranostics provides a cost-effective specific successful treatment protocol. Pharmacogenetics, proteomics and biomarker profiling forms the backbone of theranostics. The role of theranostics is interestingly appreciated at multi levels with special consideration in oncology wherein nano formulations in the form of liposomes, dendrimers, polymeric nanoparticles, metallic nanoparticles, quantum dots and carbon nanotubes play a very important role. Thus, theranostics is a holistic transition from trial and error medicine to predictive, preventive and personalized medicine leading to improved quality care of pharmacotherapy.

PubMed | Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tagore Dental College, Sree Balaji Dental College, Madha Dental College and Hospital and Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015

Denture markers play an important role in forensic odontology and also in identifying a person. A number of methods are there for identifying dentures from a less expensive technique to a more expensive technique. Out of different denture markers, the bar-coding system is a way of collecting data from the mobile. Even a huge amount of data can be stored in that. It can be easily incorporated during acrylization of the denture and thus could be helpful in identification. This article reviews the strengths of bar-coding and how easily it can be used in the routine procedure.

Samraj L.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute | Kaliamoorthy Dr S.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Venkatapathy R.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute | Oza N.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute
Imaging Science in Dentistry | Year: 2014

Osteosarcoma is a classical malignant bone-forming neoplasm which usually presents with an aggressive clinical course. The current case is presented with the radiographic feature of widening of the periodontal ligament space of the involved teeth, which is considered to be the earliest radiographic manifestation of osteosarcoma involving the jaw bone. The main aim of this case report was to focus on the importance of early diagnosis of this tumor based on clinical and radiographic examinations, and confirmation by histopathology. Considering the rarity of the disease type and particularly taking into account the fast progression and aggressiveness of this neoplasm, it is clear that the presentation of a clinical case represents a major contribution to better understanding of osteosarcomas involving the jaw bone. © 2014 by Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology.

PubMed | Ram Dental Care, Asan Memorial Dental College and Hospital, Future Dental Center, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute and Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016

Dimension of dental implant is an important parameter which has a considerable impact on the biomechanical load transfer characters and its prognosis. Excessive stress in the bone-implant interface may result in the failure of the implant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of implant diameter and length on neighboring tissues around the implant. The results of the study will help in developing a scientific methodology to select appropriate implant diameter and length.In this study, tapered implants of different diameter and length were numerically analyzed using bone-implant models developed from computed tomography generated images of mandible with osseointegrated implants. The impact of various diameters on stress distribution was examined using implants with a length of 13 mm and diameters of 3.5 mm, 4.3 mm and 5.0 mm. Implants with a diameter of 4.3 mm and lengths of 10 mm, 13 mm, 16 mm was developed to examine the impact of various implant length. All materials were assumed to be linearly elastic and isotropic. Masticatory load was applied in a natural direction, oblique to the occlusal plane. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software package was used for statistical analysis.Maximum von Mises stresses were located around the implant neck. It was demonstrated that there was statistically significant decrease in von Mises stress as the implant diameter increased.Within the limitations of this study there was statistically significant decrease in von Mises stress as the implant diameter increased.

Kaliamoorthy S.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Sethuraman V.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Ramalingam S.M.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Arunkumar S.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

Oral squamous cell carcinoma with prominent clear cell differentiation is a rare occurrence. A 35-year-old female patient presented with a nonhealing ulcer persistent for 1-month involving the left lateral border of the tongue and lingual vestibule. Lobules of malignant squamous epithelial cells with abundant cytoplasm and vesicular nuclei in the connective tissue were observed following histopathology. Neoplastic cells constituting majority of lobules exhibited clear cell changes. Periodic acid-Schiff and mucicarmine stains showed negative reaction. Immunohistochemical study using antibody for cytokeratin, revealed diffuse and intense positivity. The neoplastic cells showed complete negative reaction with antibodies for vimentin, smooth muscle actin and homatropine bromide-45 antigens.

Sathish Muthukumar R.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Arunkumar S.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute | Sadasiva K.,Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2012

Fusion is the union of two normally separated tooth germs resulting in the formation of a single large tooth. The prevalence of this anomaly is less than 1% and most common in the primary dentition, in the incisor-canine region. Fusions are almost always unilateral, but few cases of bilateral fusions have been reported. The purpose of this article is to report a rare case of bilateral fusion of mandibular second premolar with supernumerary tooth.

PubMed | Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of dentistry | Year: 2017

The objectives of the study are: (i) To determine if periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-Diastase is an effective tool to diagnose DM noninvasively, (ii) to use three different types of staining procedures to identify the staining pattern over the exfoliated cells of normal and diabetic patients, (iii) to study the periodontal health status of DM and normal subjects.Basic questions regarding the demographic data were asked, following which community periodontal index (CPI) was recorded. Oral smears were collected from clinically normal buccal mucosa of 150 patients using wooden tongue spatulas. The subjects were asked to gargle their mouth with water and the wooden spatula was scraped at the site from buccal mucosa. The smears were spread evenly on a dry clean glass slide and fixed immediately with absolute ethyl alcohol. Three slides were prepared for each of the patients. PAS, PAS with diastase digestion, and Papanicolaou staining were performed and examined under a microscope.Average CPI for study subjects was 3.2 and control subjects was 2.1. The average loss of attachment was 1.1 in the study group and 0.2 in the control group (Results of our study showed that exfoliative cytology of the oral cavity, when stained with PAS and PAS-D, can be used as an effective screening and diagnostic tool for DM patients.

PubMed | Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting many parts of the body. A number of oral diseases have been associated with diabetes mellitus with an increased risk of dental caries and periodontal disease.The aim of the study was to evaluate the salivary pH and incidence of dental caries and periodontal status in diabetes mellitus compared to that of the normal subjects.The study population consisted of 40 patients divided into 2 groups with group I comprising of 20 known diabetes mellitus patients and group II comprising of 20 non diabetic subjects as control group. The pH of the saliva was determined using a digital pH meter. Dental caries and periodontal status were assessed by DMFT and PDI indices respectively.There was a decrease in the mean salivary pH of 6.51 in the study group, compared to the normal mean salivary pH of 7.88 in the control group. The mean DMFT index was higher in the study group (8.10) when compared to that of control group (1.15). The mean PDI score was also higher in the study group (4.0) as compared to that of the control group (0.45).The results of the present study concluded that there was a significant relationship between the diabetes mellitus and increased incidence of dental caries and periodontitis and there was also a significant reduction in the salivary pH in diabetes mellitus patients, compared to that of non diabetic subjects.

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